Registration Dossier

Administrative data

First-aid measures

General instructions Warning ! Flammable liquid

IN CASE OF HEAVY OR PERSISTENT DISTURBANCES, CALL A DOCTOR OR SEEK MEDICAL ADVICE URGENTLY

Route of exposure

Inhalation
Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
seek medical advice.
if necessary, give oxygen
if breathing has stopped: administer artificial respiration.
Keep under medical surveillance

Skin contact
Take off immediately all contaminated clothing
wash skin as soon as possible with soap and water.
in case of serious contamination, seek immediate hospital treatment

Eye contact
Do not wear contact lenses in any work area.
flush immediately with plenty of water, holding the eyelids open
Get medical advice (ophthalmologist)

Ingestion
give nothing to drink and do not induce vomiting (risk of pulmonary aspiration).
Risk of serious damage if inhaled into lungs, (caused e.g by vomiting), seek medical advice urgently.
If swallowed, rinse mouth with water (only if the person is conscious)

Protective equipment for first-aiders
if exposure is likely to exceed the occupational exposure limit, in a ventilated space, use an approved respiratory protective equipment; in confined space, use a autonomous breathing apparatus.

Fire-fighting measures

Technical measures
call the safety and environment service immediately.
evacuate non-essential personnel
use fine spray or fog to control fire by preventing its spread and absorbing some of its heat.
if exposed to fire, cool containers and surroundings with plenty of water

Extinguishing media

Suitable
carbon dioxide (CO2), dry chemicals, foam.

Not to be used
do not use water jets (stick jets) for extinguishing fire since they could help to spread the flames

Special peril
complete combustion, with an excess of oxygen forms: carbon dioxide (CO2), water vapour , NOx.
partial combustion forms also: carbon monoxide (CO), soot and cracked products: aldehydes, ketones , carbon , polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PCA or PAH) , etc...

Special exposure hazards
the vapour is heavier than air and explosive mixtures can accumulate in low spots: it may be ignited at some distance away from the spill resulting in flashbacks.
fire may cause pressure rise with risk of bursting and subsequent explosion
spreading of fire- and explosion hazard by liquid layers on the water surface

Protective equipment for firefighters
wear suitable breathing equipment, in case of risk of exposure to vapour or fumes.
protective clothing, goggles and self-contained breathing equipment should be made available for firemen.

Accidental release measures

For non-emergency personnel
according to exposure conditions, wear suitable:
industrial gloves
goggles/spectacles
breathing apparatus

For emergency responders
wear suitable breathing equipment, in case of risk of exposure to vapour or fumes.

Environmental precautions
installations must be designed to avoid accidental spill on soil and water.
avoid discharge of the material in a stream or a sewerage system or cause ground contamination.

After spillage / leakage
call the safety and environment service immediately.
evacuate non-essential personnel
stop the spill at source if possible, without endangering the operator.
the vapour is heavier than air and explosive mixtures can accumulate in low spots: it may be ignited at some distance away from the spill resulting in flashbacks.
avoid proximity or contact with hot surfaces, flames, electrostatic charges or sparks.
no smoking
maintain the level of gases under the explosion limits by artificial aeration.

on soil
soil recovery by physical means.
never use dispersant.
take up small spills with dry chemical absorbent.
absorb product with an adequate material such as paper, rags, sawdust,...
dispose safely in accordance with local or national regulations.

on water
use floating absorbent material to be removed mechanically.
if the material has been discharged into a stream or a sewerage system, inform the authorities of the possible presence of floating materials.
dispose safely in accordance with local or national regulations.

Handling and storage

Important refer to any national measures that may be relevant.

HANDLING
handle under adequate ventilation
In use, may form flammable / explosive vapour-air mixture.
avoid producing or diffusing fumes, vapour or spray into the air. (particulary during loading or unloading product)
the vapour is heavier than air and explosive mixtures can accumulate in low spots: it may be ignited at some distance away from the spill resulting in flashbacks.
all possible sources of ignition must be removed.
avoid proximity or contact with hot surfaces, flames, electrostatic charges or sparks.
where exposure is likely, protective clothing must be worn including gloves
use suitable anti-static safety shoes and protective clothing
shower and eye fountain available.
When using, do not eat, drink or smoke.

Technical measures
cleaning, inspection and maintenance of storage tanks requires the implementation of strict procedures
working has to be made only on cold, degassed and ventilated storage tanks. (risk of explosive atmosphere)
take precautionary measures against static discharge during blending and transfer operations.
use explosion proof electrical equipment
all conductive materials must be electrically earthed.
Do not use air for transfers
Use a slow speed of circulation (static electricity risk)
Take appropriate measures in case the use or processing of the product forms stable emulsions with water

STOCKAGE
use only containers, joints, pipes, etc...made in a material suitable for use with aromatic hydrocarbons.
store away from heating source. avoid static electricity build up with connection to earth.
keep in a well-ventilated place.
Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.
Retain in the original container; if other containers are used: transfer, if necessary, all labelling information to the new container
can form explosive mixture with air particularly in empty uncleaned receptacles
installations must be designed to avoid any propagation of burning slick.
provide a retention storage tank
spreading of fire- and explosion hazard by liquid layers on the water surface

Incompatible materials
avoid strong acids and oxidizing materials

container
Suitable stainless steel

SPECIFIC USE(S) Restricted to professional users

Transport information

Land transport (ADR/RID)

UN number:
1307
Proper shipping name and description:
XYLENES
Chemical name:
aromatic hydrocarbons, C8
Language:
English
Class:
3
Classification code:
F1
Packaging group:
III
Labels:
3
Remarks:
Hazard identification number: 30
Tunnel code: D/E

Inland waterway transport (ADN(R))

UN number:
1307
Proper shipping name and description:
XYLENES
Chemical name:
aromatic hydrocarbons, C8
Language:
English
Class:
3
Classification code:
F1
Packaging group:
III
Labels:
3
Remarks
Hazards: (3+N2)

Marine transport (IMDG)

UN number:
1307
Proper shipping name and description:
XYLENES
Chemical name:
aromatic hydrocarbons, C8
Class:
3
Packaging group:
III
EmS code:
F-E, S-D
Remarksopen allclose all

Air transport ICAO/IATA

UN number:
1307
Proper shipping name and description:
XYLENES
Chemical name:
aromatic hydrocarbons, C8
Class:
3
Packaging group:
III
Labels:
Class 3 - Flammable liquid
Remarksopen allclose all
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Exposure controls / personal protection

Exposure controls refer to any national measures that may be relevant.
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMIT
Xylene: (o-,m-, p- or mixed isomers)
UK: HSE EH40/2005:
Long-term exposure limit (8-hour TWA reference period) : 50 ppm - 220 mg/m³
Short-term exposure limit (15-minute reference period): 100 ppm - 441 mg/m³
US (ACGIH-2009): TLV-8h TWA: 100 ppm - 434 mg/m³ ; TLV-15min STEL: 150 ppm - 651 mg/m³
EC (2000): VL (8h): 50 ppm - 221 mg/m³ ; (15 min): 100 ppm - 442 mg/m³
IRL(2002): OEL (8h): 50 ppm - 221 mg/m³ ; (15 min): 100 ppm - 442 mg/m³
Ethyl benzene:
UK: HSE EH40/2005:
Long-term exposure limit (8-hour TWA reference period) : 100 ppm - 441 mg/m³
Short-term exposure limit (15-minute reference period): 125 ppm - 552 mg/m³
US (ACGIH-2009): TLV-8h TWA: 100 ppm - 434 mg/m³ ; TLV-15min STEL: 125 ppm - 543 mg/m³
IRL(2002): OEL (8h): 100 ppm - 435 mg/m³ ; (15 min): 125 ppm - 545 mg/m³
EC (2000): VL (8h): 100 ppm - 442 mg/m³ ; (15 min): 200 ppm - 884 mg/m³
EXPOSURE CONTROLS
Appropriate engineering controls: The substance is classified as flammable and therefore the following conditions must be met to ensure safe use: “Risks are controlled by storage and use under conditions which avoid all ignition sources.”

Occupational exposure controls
Respiratory protection:
local exhaust ventilation may be needed when working in a closed area
if exposure is likely to exceed the occupational exposure limit, in a ventilated space, use an approved respiratory protective equipment; in confined space, use a autonomous breathing apparatus.
breathing apparatus
recommended filter type : A
Hands protection: gloves resistant to aromatic hydrocarbons
In case of immersion:
recommended material: fluorinated polymer or polyvinyl alcohol
layer thickness : all thicknesses
penetration time according to norm EN 374-3 > 480 minutes
In case of contact with spray: recommended material: nitrile
layer thickness > 0,45 mm
penetration time according to norm EN 374-3 > 30 minimum

Remarks:
Gloves may degrade in contact with this chemical.
• Carefully check the glove for cracks or damage before reusing it, dispose of gloves where the penetration time is exceeded.
• The penetration time depends on temperature, glove material, thickness and construction.
Penetration time is measured against EN 374 in laboratory conditions corresponding to permanent static contact and is not necessarily representative of the risk in the workplace.
Contact the gloves' supplier for further information on the selection and resistance of gloves.

Skin and body protection:
shower and eye fountain available.

Eye protection: goggles/spectacles + Do not wear contact lenses in any work area.

Other personal protection:
where exposure is likely, protective clothing must be worn including gloves
safety non-slip shoes in areas where spills or leaks can occur.

Industrial health measures:
General: handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety procedures; avoid producing or diffusing fumes, vapour or spray into the air (particularly during loading or unloading product); avoid contact with skin (wear gloves tested to EN374) and eyes (wear goggles/spectacles; do not wear contact lenses in any work area); avoid splashes (where exposure is likely, protective clothing must be worn, shower and eye fountain available must be available etc...); do not wipe hands with cloths or rags which have been used for cleaning; remove all contaminated clothing and remove protective clothing when the work is completed; wash skin as soon as possible with soap and water; do not store near food products. When using, do not eat, drink or smoke.

Specific :
a. Substance manufacture or distribution, use as intermediate, or use as fuel is usually made either in closed process with no likelihood of exposure or in closed continuous process with occasional situations where controlled exposure can occur. For these uses, Risk Management Measures (RMM) are however required for of the following specific tasks:
• Batch processes (closed or open systems), process sampling: provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)
• Bulk transfers: provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency) and avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 1 hour
• Drum and small package filling: transfer via enclosed lines (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency)
• Cleaning and maintenance: drain down system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance (equivalent to minimum 80% of removal efficiency)

b. For substance use in formulation, RMMs are required only for the following specific tasks:
• Batch processes (closed or open systems), process sampling: provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)
• Bulk transfers: ensure material transfers are under containment or extract ventilation (equivalent to 97% of removal efficiency)
• Mixing operations (open systems) with potential for aerosol generation, manual transfer from/pouring from containers, drum/batch transfers, drum and small package filling, production or preparation of articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation: provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency)
• Cleaning and maintenance: drain down system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency)

c. For substance use in coatings, RMMs are required only for the following specific tasks:
• Mixing operations (closed system), film formation (air drying system): provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)
• Preparation of articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, dipping, immersion and pouring, material transfers (drum/batch transfers, transfer from/pouring from containers): provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency)
• Material transfers: ensure material transfers are under containment or extract ventilation (equivalent to minimum 90% of removal efficiency)
• Roller, spreader and flow application: provide extract ventilation to points where emissions occur (equivalent to 90% of removal efficiency)
• Spraying (automatic/robotic): carry out in a vented booth provided with laminar airflow (equivalent to 95% of removal efficiency)
• Cleaning and maintenance: drain down system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency)

d. For substance use in cleaning, RMMs are required only for the following specific tasks:
• Bulk transfers: ensure material transfers are under containment or extract ventilation (equivalent to 90% of removal efficiency)
• Automated process with (semi-) closed systems: provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)
• Filling / preparation of equipment from drums or containers at dedicated facility, use in contained batch processes (including treatment by heating), degreasing small objects in cleaning station: provide extract ventilation to points where emissions occur (equivalent to minimum 90% of removal efficiency)
• Cleaning with low-pressure washers: provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency)
• Cleaning with high pressure washers: provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency), avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 1 hour and wear suitable gloves tested to EN374.
• Manual surfaces cleaning (spraying not included): provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency) and avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 1 hour
• Equipment cleaning and maintenance: drain down system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency)

e. For substance use as laboratory reagent, RMMs are required only for the following specific tasks:
• Cleaning (rolling, brushing), vessel and container cleaning and cleaning equipment, glassware etc under general ventilation for 15 min - 1 hour/day: provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (not less than 10 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency)

f. For substance use in polymer processing, RMMs are required only for the following specific tasks:
• Bulk transfers at dedicated facility: transfer via enclosed lines (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency)
• Additive premixing, small scale weighing: ensure material transfers are under containment or extract ventilation (equivalent to 90% of removal efficiency)
• Calendering: minimise exposure by partial enclosure of the operation or equipment and provide extract ventilation at openings (equivalent to 90% of removal efficiency) and provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)
• Production of articles by dipping and pouring, extrusion and masterbatching and injection moulding of articles: provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency)
• Equipment cleaning and maintenance: drain down system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance (equivalent to 90% of removal efficiency)

g. For use of the substance in binders, RMMs are required only for the following specific tasks:
• Batch process (closed systems) or mixing operation (open and closed systems): provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)
• Drum/batch transfers: transfer via enclosed lines (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency)
• Mold forming: provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency) and avoid carrying out activities involving exposure operation for more than 1 hour
• Casting operations, spraying machine: minimise exposure by partial enclosure of the operation or equipment and provide extract ventilation at openings (equivalent to 95% of removal efficiency)
• Manual roller application or brushing: provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency)
• Manual spraying: carry out in a vented booth or extracted enclosure (equivalent to 90% of removal efficiency) and avoid carrying out activities involving exposure operation for more than 4 hours

Others RMMs of equivalent efficiency can be used. Furthers details on operational conditions can be found in the exposure scenarios.

Health measures for professional:

General: avoid producing or diffusing fumes, vapour or spray into the air (particulary during loading or unloading product); where exposure is likely, protective clothing must be worn; avoid contact with skin and eyes; avoid splashes (suitable protective clothing, screen, gloves etc...); do not wipe hands with cloths or rags which have been used for cleaning; remove all contaminated clothing and remove protective clothing when the work is completed; wash skin as soon as possible with soap and water; do not store near food products. When using, do not eat, drink or smoke.

Specific:
a. For substance use as fuel, RMM are required only for the following specific tasks:
• General exposures (closed systems) with occasional controlled exposure: avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 4 hours
• Bulk transfers, drum/batch transfers and dipping, immersion and pouring, batch processes (open systems), equipment cleaning and maintenance, vessel and container cleaning: provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency) and avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 1 hour
• General exposures (open systems): handle substance within a closed system
• Cleaning and maintenance: provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency) and avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 1 hour

b. For substance use in coatings, RMMs are required only for the following specific tasks:
• Filling / preparation of equipment from drums or containers, general exposures (closed systems with occasional controlled exposure; e.g.: via sampling): ensure material transfers are under containment or extract ventilation (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency)
• Preparation of material for application: provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency)
• Film formation (air drying): provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to minimum 30% of removal efficiency), avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 1 hour and wear suitable gloves tested to EN374
• Preparation of material for application (indoor): provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency) and avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 1 hour
• Preparation of material for application (outdoor): avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 1 hour
• Material transfers (drum/batch transfers): transfer via enclosed lines (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency) and provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)
• Roller, spreader and flow application: provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour) or ensure operation is undertaken outdoors (equivalent to minimum 30% of removal efficiency) and wear a respirator conforming to EN140 with Type A filter or better (equivalent to 90% of removal efficiency)
• Manual spraying (indoor): carry out in a vented booth provided with laminar airflow (equivalent to 99% of removal efficiency)
• Manual spraying (outdoor): avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 4 hours and wear suitable gloves tested to EN374 and wear a full face respirator conforming to EN140 with Type A filter or better (equivalent to 95% of removal efficiency)
• Dipping, immersion and pouring (indoor): provide extract ventilation to points where emissions occur (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency) and avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 4 hours
• Dipping, immersion and pouring (outdoor): wear a respirator conforming to EN140 with Type A filter or better (equivalent to 90% of removal efficiency)
• Hand application - finger-paints, pastels, adhesives (indoor): limit the substance content in the product to 5%, provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour). (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency) and wear suitable gloves tested to EN374
• Hand application - finger-paints, pastels, adhesives (outdoor): limit the substance content in the product to 5%, ensure operation is undertaken outdoor, avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 4 hours and wear suitable gloves tested to EN374
• Equipment cleaning and maintenance: drain down system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency) and avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 4 hours

c. For substance use in cleaning, RMMs are required only for the following specific tasks:
• Automated process with (semi) closed systems: provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)
• Filling / preparation of equipment from drums or containers at dedicated facility, semi automated process. (e.g.: semi automatic application of floor care and maintenance products): provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency)
• Filling / preparation of equipment from drums or containers at non-dedicated facilities (outdoor): use drum pumps or carefully pour from container (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency)
• Manual surfaces cleaning, dipping, immersion and pouring, cleaning with low-pressure washers (rolling, brushing, no spraying), cleaning with high-pressure washers: provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency) and wear a respirator conforming to EN140 with Type A filter or better
• Manual surfaces cleaning (spraying), ad hoc manual application via trigger sprays, dipping, etc..: provide extract ventilation to points where emissions occur and provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)
• Cleaning of medical devices: minimise exposure by partial enclosure of the operation or equipment and provide extract ventilation at openings (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency) and avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 4 hours
• Equipment cleaning and maintenance: drain down system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency)

d. For substance use in agrochemicals, RMMs are required only for the following specific tasks:
• Transfer from/pouring from containers: provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (5 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency)
• Mixing in containers: ensure operation is undertaken outdoors and avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 1 hour
• Spraying/fogging by manual application: ensure operation is undertaken outdoors, avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 4 hours, wear suitable gloves tested to EN374 and wear a full face respirator conforming to EN140 with Type A filter or better (equivalent to 95% of removal efficiency)
• Spraying/fogging by machine application: limit the substance content in the product to 25%, provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency) , avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 1 hour and wear suitable gloves tested to EN374
• Clean down and maintenance at non-dedicated facility: avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 1 hour and wear suitable gloves tested to EN374

e. Use of the substance in binders, RMMs are required only for the following specific tasks:
• Material transfers (closed systems) with occasional controlled exposure, batch process (closed systems): provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)
• Drum/batch transfers: use drum pumps or carefully pour from container (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency)
• Mixing operations (closed systems): formulate in enclosed or ventilated mixing vessels and provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)
• Mixing operations (open systems): provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency)
• Mold forming: minimise exposure by partial enclosure of the operation or equipment and provide extract ventilation at openings (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency) and provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)
• Casting operations: minimise exposure by partial enclosure of the operation or equipment and provide extract ventilation at openings (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency) and wear a respirator conforming to EN140 with Type A filter or better (equivalent to 90% of removal efficiency)
• Manual spraying: provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency) and minimise exposure by extracted full enclosure for the operation or equipment (equivalent to 90% of removal efficiency)
• Manual roller application or brushing: provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency) and provide extract ventilation to points where emissions occur (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency)

f. substance use in polymer processing, RMMs are required only for the following specific tasks:
• Bulk transfers: provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)
• Material transfers: transfer via enclosed lines (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency)
• Injection moulding of articles: minimise exposure by partial enclosure of the operation or equipment and provide extract ventilation at openings (equivalent to 90% of removal efficiency)
• Equipment cleaning and maintenance: drain down system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency) and provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)

g. For substance use as laboratory reagent, RMMs are required only for the following specific tasks:
• Cleaning (rolling, brushing) and vessel and container cleaning: provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (3 to 5 air changes per hour) and handle in a fume cupboard or under extract ventilation (equivalent to minimum 95% of removal efficiency)

Others RMMs of equivalent efficiency can be used. Furthers details on operational conditions that lead to the choice of RMMs can be found in the exposure scenarios.

Health measure for consumer:

Specific: for substance use in coatings, cleaning, lubricants, functional fluids and in agrochemicals, no specific RMMs are required if the operational conditions described in the exposure scenarios are followed. Limits of substance concentrations in the final product can be found in the exposure scenarios. Other operational conditions can be used provided that the RMMs described in exposure scenarios are adapted.

Environmental exposure controls:

Specific: for the specific use cited above, the following RMM applies:
• Do not apply industrial sludge to natural soils, sludge should be incinerated, contained or reclaimed
• External treatment, disposal, recovery or recycling of waste should comply with applicable local
and/or national regulations
• Where emission of the substance occurs:
• The required removal efficiency depends on the operational conditions and the tonnage of production/use. Further information can be found in the exposure scenarios.
• The treatment of air emission must provide an emission removal efficiency ranging from 0 to >70 %
• The treatment of wastewater must provide an emission removal efficiency of ¿ 95.8 %

Stability and reactivity

REACTIVITY
Stability stable under normal operating conditions of storage, handling and use
the product is combustible if heated above the flash point.
Hazardous reactions flammable
CONDITIONS TO AVOID avoid proximity or contact with hot surfaces, flames, electrostatic charges or sparks.
Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.
MATERIALS TO AVOID avoid strong acids and oxidizing materials
Decomposition products complete combustion, with an excess of oxygen forms: carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapour.
partial combustion, forms also: carbon monoxide (CO), soot and cracked products: aldehydes, ketones

Disposal considerations

Waste disposal

hazardous waste
dispose in a safe manner in accordance with local/national regulations.
industrial treatment by distillation
authorized disposal

Disposal of contaminated packaging

dispose in a safe manner in accordance with local/national regulations.