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Environmental fate & pathways

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

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bioaccumulation in aquatic species: fish
Type of information:
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: see 'Remark'
Calculation of bioconcentration factors to determine the potential for bioaccumulation of chemicals is acceptable provided that a recognised and scientifically robust method is used. The TGD includes two methods for calculation of a BCF QSAR depending on the molecular weight and log Kow. This approach is considered to be acceptable with restrictions.
Justification for type of information:
This endpoint is fulfilled using quantitative structure property relationships for representative hydrocarbon structures. The BCFBAF 3.01 model is a well characterised and generally accepted bioaccumulation prediction model, used by the USEPA, the OECD and recommended by ECHA. The SMILES input data for the BCFBAF 3.01 model is obtained from the PETRORISK Product Library (see OECD QSAR Toolbox report in 'Attached full study report' and PETRORISK report attached in IUCLID section 13).
Principles of method if other than guideline:
BCFBAF v3.00 in EPI Suite™ (Estimation Program Interface for Windows, version 4.0. Syracuse Research Corporation, Syracuse, NY, USA) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, OPPT)
GLP compliance:
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Details on properties of test surrogate or analogue material (migrated information):
No surrogate or analogue material
Details on sampling:
Not applicable (calculated data)
Details on preparation of test solutions, spiked fish food or sediment:
Not applicable (calculated data)
Test organisms (species):
other: calculated
Details on test organisms:
Not applicable (calculated data)
Route of exposure:
other: calculated
Test type:
other: calculated
Not applicable (calculated data)
Test temperature:
Not applicable (calculated data)
Not applicable (calculated data)
Dissolved oxygen:
Not applicable (calculated data)
Not applicable (calculated data)
Not applicable (calculated data)
Details on test conditions:
Not applicable (calculated data)
Nominal and measured concentrations:
Not applicable (calculated data)
Reference substance (positive control):
not required
Details on estimation of bioconcentration:
_ Estimation software: BCFBAF v.3.00
_ log Kow used : 11.46 (Petrorisk)
22 L/kg
other: calculated
Details on kinetic parameters:
Not applicable (calculated data)
Not applicable (calculated data)
Results with reference substance (positive control):
Not applicable (calculated data)
Details on results:
Log Kow (estimated) : 10.16
Log Kow (experimental): not available from database
Log Kow used by BCF estimates: 11.46 (user entered)

Equation Used to Make BCF estimate:
Log BCF = -0.49 log Kow + 7.554 + Correction

Correction(s): Value
Alkyl chains (8+ -CH2- groups) -0.596

Estimated Log BCF = 1.342 (BCF = 21.98 L/kg wet-wt)

Whole Body Primary Biotransformation Rate Estimate for Fish:





 Frag | 2 | Linear C4 terminal chain [CCC-CH3]      | 0.0341 | 0.0682

 Frag | 2 | Methyl [-CH3]                           | 0.2451 | 0.4902

 Frag | 18 | -CH2- [linear]                          | 0.0242 | 0.4354

 Frag | 1 | N-Alkane (linear) ... < C22              | 0.0000 | 0.0000

 L Kow| * | Log Kow = 11.46 (user-entered  )       | 0.3073 | 3.5221

 MolWt| * | Molecular Weight Parameter               |        | -0.7246

 Const| * | Equation Constant                        |        | -1.5058


  RESULT  |       LOG Bio Half-Life (days)           |        | 2.2543

  RESULT  |           Bio Half-Life (days)           |        |  179.6

  NOTE    | Bio Half-Life Normalized to 10 g fish at 15 deg C  |



Biotransformation Rate Constant:

 kM (Rate Constant): 0.003859 /day (10 gram fish)

 kM (Rate Constant): 0.00217 /day (100 gram fish)

 kM (Rate Constant): 0.00122 /day (1 kg fish)

 kM (Rate Constant): 0.0006863 /day (10 kg fish)


Arnot-Gobas BCF & BAF Methods (including biotransformation rate estimates):

  Estimated Log BCF (upper trophic) = 0.247 (BCF = 1.766 L/kg wet-wt)

  Estimated Log BAF (upper trophic) = 3.443 (BAF = 2771 L/kg wet-wt)

  Estimated Log BCF (mid trophic)  = 0.336 (BCF = 2.168 L/kg wet-wt)

  Estimated Log BAF (mid trophic)  = 3.138 (BAF = 1375 L/kg wet-wt)

  Estimated Log BCF (lower trophic) = 0.365 (BCF = 2.315 L/kg wet-wt)

  Estimated Log BAF (lower trophic) = 2.920 (BAF = 831.8 L/kg wet-wt)


Arnot-Gobas BCF & BAF Methods (assuming a biotransformation rate of zero):

  Estimated Log BCF (upper trophic) = 0.585 (BCF = 3.842 L/kg wet-wt)

  Estimated Log BAF (upper trophic) = 4.176 (BAF = 1.499e+004 L/kg wet-wt)

Validity criteria fulfilled:
not applicable
This is a calculated value
The calculated BCF of icosane is 22 L/kg. This value indicates that icosane is not to be considered as a bioaccumulable substance.
Executive summary:

The QSAR used to calculated the BCF of icosane followed the Reach guidance indications (R7.10.3.2) and so is deemed suitable for the assessment of icosane bioconcentration. The calculated BCF of 22 L/kg indicates that icosane does not belong to bioaccumulable substances.

Description of key information

The BCFWIN v2.16 model within EPISuite 3.12 has been used to estimate the bioaccumulation potential of a number of representative substances. This data is used as a weight of evidence alongside the data reported above.

The calculated BCF of the representative substance icosane is 22 L/kg cacluated by using the BCFWIN v2.16 model within EPISuite 3.12. This value indicates that icosane is not considered a bioaccumulative substance.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information