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Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2008-08-06 to 2008-08-20
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Read-across from a guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2009
Report date:
2009

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Version / remarks:
1987
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.3 (Acute Toxicity (Dermal))
Version / remarks:
1992
GLP compliance:
yes
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
Isostearic acid, esters with methyl α-D-glucoside
IUPAC Name:
Isostearic acid, esters with methyl α-D-glucoside

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Age at study initiation: approx. 8 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: mean males: 243 g, mean females: 164 g ; variation did not exceed +/- 20 % of the sex mean
- Housing: in a controlled environment, individually housed in Macrolon cages (Mill type, height 18 cm)
- Diet: free access to pelleted rodent diet (SM R/M-Z from SSNIFF® Spezialdiäten GmbH, Soest,Germany)
- Water: ad libitum, tap water
- Acclimation period: at least 5 days before start of treatment

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 21 +/- 3
- Humidity (%): 30 - 70
- Air changes (per hr): 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Administration / exposure

Type of coverage:
occlusive
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on dermal exposure:
TEST SITE
- One day before exposure (Day -1) an area of approximately 5x7 cm on the back of the animal was clipped.
- Area of exposure: approx. 10 % of the total body surface, i.e, approx. 25 cm2 for males and 18 cm2 for females.
- % coverage: 10 % of body surface
- Type of wrap if used: dressing, consisting of a surgical gauze patch (Surgy 1D), successively covered with aluminum foil and Coban elastic
bandage. A piece of Micropore taps was additionally used for fixation of the bandages in females only.


REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): skin cleaned of residual test substance using tap water
- Time after start of exposure: 24 h


TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 2000 mg/kg (2.02 ml/kg) body weight. Dose volume calculated as dose level (g/kg) / density (g/ml)
- The test substance was dosed undiluted as delivered by the sponsor.

Duration of exposure:
24 h
Doses:
2000 mg/kg (2.02 ml/kg) body weight.
Dose volume calculated as dose level (g/kg) / density (g/ml)
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5 males, 5 females
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 15 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: mortality: twice daily; body weight: days 1 (pre-administration), 8 and 15 and at death; clinical signs: at periodic intervals on the day of dosing (day 1) and once daily thereafter, until day 15.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
- Other examinations performed: clinical signs, body weight



Statistics:
No

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Mortality:
- One male was found dead on day 2. The death of one male on day 2 after treatment was considered to be spontaneous and not treatment related, no macroscopic abnormalities were found at necropsy.
Clinical signs:
other: - Piloerection was noted in all males and two females on day 1. - Scales were seen in the treated skin-area of two females during the observation period (one female at day 4 and 5, the other at day 15, respectively) .
Gross pathology:
No abnormalities were found at macroscopic post mortem examination of the animals.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: other: CLP, EU GHS (Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008)
Conclusions:
In this study the test substance has a LD50 of > 2000 mg/kg bw.
Executive summary:

In an acute dermal toxicity study according OECD guideline 402, 5 male and 5 female young adult Wistar rats were dermally exposed to Isostearic acid, esters with methyl α-D-glucoside. The test substance was dosed undiluted for 24 hours to 10 % of body surface area at a dose of 2000 mg/kg bw. Animals then were observed for 15 days.

Dermal LD50 males/females > 2000 mg/kg bw (limit test)

There were no treatment related clinical signs, necropsy findings or changes in body weight.

The death of one male on day 2 after treatment was considered to be spontaneous and not treatment related, no macroscopic abnormalities were found at necropsy.

The test substance Isostearic acid, esters with methyl α-D-glucoside is practically non-toxic.