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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
August 1994
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1994
Report date:
1994

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
coconut oil, reaction products of coconut fatty acid mono- or diglyceride with trimethylolpropaneethoxylate
IUPAC Name:
coconut oil, reaction products of coconut fatty acid mono- or diglyceride with trimethylolpropaneethoxylate
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Marlowet 4751
- Physical state: colourless liquid
- Storage condition of test material: in a tightly closed container under hood

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
other: Small White Russian
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Dr. Karl Thomae GmbH, Biberach, Germany
- Age at study initiation: adult, no further details mentioned
- Weight at study initiation: 2.4 - 2.7 kg
- Housing: conventional, singly in stainless steel cages
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): K4 complete feed for rabbits ad libitum, supplied by Ssniff Spezialfutter GmbH, Soest, Germany
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Drinking water ad libitum
- Acclimation period: 14 days


ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 20 ± 3
- Humidity (%): 30 - 70
- Air changes (per hr): 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12


IN-LIFE DATES: From: 1994-08-08 To: 1994-08-12

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
other: the untreated eye
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.1 cm³
Duration of treatment / exposure:
24 hours
Observation period (in vivo):
1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after application
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3
Details on study design:
REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): with warm phyiological saline
- Time after start of exposure: 24 hours


SCORING SYSTEM: according to guideline


TOOL USED TO ASSESS SCORE: ophthalmic lamp, fluorescein solution 24 hours after administration

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritant / corrosive response data:
see table below
Other effects:
1 hour after application the treated eyes showed distinct injections of some conjuctival vessels, cornea and iris showed no effects. After 24 hours the conjuctivae were free of symptoms.

Any other information on results incl. tables

Table: Irritant/corrosive response data for each animal at each observation time of each animal from the test

Score at time point / Reversibility

Cornea

Iris

Conjunctivae

Chemosis

Max. score: 4

Max. score: 2

Max. score: 3

Max. score: 4

60 min

0/0/0

 0/0/0

 1/1/1

 0/0/0

24 h

 0/0/0

 0/0/0

 0/0/0

 0/0/0

48 h

 0/0/0

 0/0/0

 0/0/0

 0/0/0

72 h

 0/0/0

 0/0/0

 0/0/0

 0/0/0

Average 24h, 48h, 72h

 0

 0

 0

 0

Reversibility*)

 -

 -

 -

 -

Average time (unit) for reversion

 -

 -

 -

 -

 

*) Reversibility: c. = completely reversible; n.c. = not completely reversible; n. = not reversible

 

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
The following mean values, based on the results from the 24 -, 48 - and 72 hour-readings were calculated:
Cornea opacity: 0.0
Iris lesion: 0.0
Redness of conjuntiva: 0.0
Oedema of conjunctiva: 0.0
Executive summary:

To test the acute irritant effect of coconut oil, reaction products of coconut fatty acid mono- or diglyceride with trimethylolpropaneethoxylate on the eyes and mucosa, 0.1 cm³ of the liquid test substance was administered into the conjunctival sac of one eye of each of three male rabbits. After exposoure for 72 hours, the eyes were washed out with warm physiological saline. The test was carried out according to OECD guideline 405 (24 Feb 1987).

The test showed that administration of coconut oil, reaction products of coconut fatty acid mono- or diglyceride with trimethylolpropaneethoxylate caused no irritation reactions.

The following mean values, based on the results from the 24 -, 48 - and 72 hour-readings were calculated:

Cornea opacity: 0.0

Iris lesion: 0.0

Redness of conjuntiva: 0.0

Oedema of conjunctiva: 0.0

Based on the result of this study coconut oil, reaction products of coconut fatty acid mono- or diglyceride with trimethylolpropaneethoxylate was judged to be non irritating to eyes and mucosa.

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