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Toxicological information

Skin sensitisation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin sensitisation: in vivo (non-LLNA)
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1985-05-10 to 1985-06-08
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
comparable to guideline study with acceptable restrictions

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1985
Report date:
1985

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 406 (Skin Sensitisation)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes
Type of study:
guinea pig maximisation test
Justification for non-LLNA method:
No LLNA study was conducted as an in vivo study comparable to OCED 406 was conducted, before the first version of the LLNA (OECD 429) was issued in 2002.

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent

In vivo test system

Test animals

Species:
guinea pig
Strain:
Dunkin-Hartley
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Age at study initiation: 5-8 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 300-389 g
- Housing: up to 4/cage, solid-floor polypropylene cages (supplied by NKP Limited, Dartford, Kent)
- Diet: ad libitum, Guinea Pig FD1 Diet (supplied by Special Diet Services Limited, Witham, Essex)
- Water: ad libitum, tap water
- Acclimation period: min. 5 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 22 ± 3
- Humidity (%): 45-65
- Air changes (per hr): 10
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Study design: in vivo (non-LLNA)

Induction
Route:
intradermal and epicutaneous
Vehicle:
arachis oil
Remarks:
for injection
Concentration / amount:
Intradermal Induction: 5 % in arachis oil B.P.
Topical Induction: 100 %
Day(s)/duration:
48 h for topical induction
Adequacy of induction:
other: maximum non-irritant concentration of the test material
Challenge
No.:
#1
Route:
epicutaneous, occlusive
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Concentration / amount:
Topical Challenge: 100 %
Day(s)/duration:
24 h
Adequacy of challenge:
highest non-irritant concentration
No. of animals per dose:
20
Details on study design:
RANGE FINDING TESTS (called Preliminary Siting test):
- Injection with 0.1 mL of 1 and 5 % test substance with observation after 24, 48 and 72 h and 7 days.
- 2 cm* 2 cm patches with 50 and 100 % concentration were applied to clipped skin of guinea pigs that were injected with adjuvant 1-3 weeks before. Patches were removed after 24 h. After 1, 24 and 48 h the skin was evaluated. The maximum non-irritant concentration of the test material was selected for the main study.


MAIN STUDY
A. INDUCTION EXPOSURE (Injection)
- No. of exposures: 1 (3 injection sides)
- Exposure period: 1 injection and 6 days observation
- Test group: 20 animals received 3 pairs of injections: (1) 0.1mL of Freunds complete adjuvant (Difco Laboratories, Detroit, Michigan USA) (2) 0.1mL of a 5 % concentration of the test material (3) 0.1mL of a 50:50 mixture of a 5 % concentration of the test material emulsified in the adjuvant
- Control group: 10 animals received 3 pairs of injections: (1) 0.1mL of Freunds complete adjuvant (2) 0.1mL of vehicle alone (3) 0.1mL of a 50:50 mixture of vehicle emulsified in Freunds complete adjuvant
- Site: 4 cm x 6 cm in the shoulder region
- Frequency of applications: 1 application
- Duration: single injection
- Concentrations: 5 % and 50:50 mixture of a 5 % concentration of the test material emulsified in the adjuvant

A. INDUCTION EXPOSURE (topical)
- No. of exposures: 1
- Day after intradermal injection: day 7
- Exposure period: 48 h
- Test groups: 100 % test substance on Whatman No 4 Filter paper, fixed with Sleek waterproof adhesive strapping in a cross and 3.5 cm x 25 cm length of Elastoplast elastic adhesive bandage which was wound in a double layer around the torso of the animal
- Control group: similar to test group but only vehicle
- Site: 2 cm x 4 cm in the shoulder region
- Concentrations: 100 %

B. CHALLENGE EXPOSURE
- No. of exposures: 1
- Day(s) of challenge: 21
- Exposure period: 24 h
- Test group: on clipped right flank 100 %, on clipped left flank vehicle
- Control group: on clipped right flank 100 %, on clipped left flank vehicle
- Site: 5 cm x 5 cm an both flanks
- Concentrations: 100 %
- after 24 h the patches were removed and challenge sites were cleaned using cotton wool soaked in lukewarm water or ether
- Evaluation: was done 24 h after removal (48 h after application) and after 48 h (72 h)

OTHER:
on day 0 and day 24 body weights were recorded
Challenge controls:
yes, see above
Positive control substance(s):
no

Results and discussion

In vivo (non-LLNA)

Resultsopen allclose all
Key result
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
test chemical
Dose level:
100 %
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
20
Clinical observations:
none
Remarks on result:
no indication of skin sensitisation
Key result
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
test chemical
Dose level:
100 %
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
20
Clinical observations:
none
Remarks on result:
no indication of skin sensitisation
Key result
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
negative control
Dose level:
100 %
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Clinical observations:
none
Remarks on result:
no indication of skin sensitisation
Key result
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
negative control
Dose level:
100 %
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Clinical observations:
none
Remarks on result:
no indication of skin sensitisation

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
A guinea pig maximization test was conducted. The challenge with 100 % of the test substance resulted in no reactions and therefore it was conclueded that the test substance was non sensitising.
Executive summary:

A guinea pig maximization test was conducted. The test group consisted of 20 and the control group of 10 guinea pigs. Intradermal induction was done with 3 injection pairs into different sides. The injections contained 1) Freunds complete adjuvant, 2) 5 % concentration of the test material or vehicle only for the control group and 3) 50:50 mixture of a 5 % concentration of the test material emulsified in the adjuvant or 50:50 mixture of vehicle emulsified in Freunds complete adjuvant for the control animals. The topical induction was done with 100 % test substance or vehicle for the control group. The challenge with 100 % of the test substance resulted in no reactions in any of the 20 guinea pigs both at the 24 h and 48 h observations. The animals of the control group showed to reactions either. Therefore it was concluded that the test substance was non sensitising.