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Description of key information

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin irritation / corrosion

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
Sep. 26 - Oct. 01, 2007
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 404 (Acute Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
Version / remarks:
April 2002
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Bred by Charles River, Germany
- Weight at study initiation: between 1906 - 2174 g
- Age at study initiation: Adults
- Housing: Individually, in animal room with control of temperature (22-23°C) and humidity (50-70%RH)
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Standard diet ad libitum
- Air changes (per hr): 10 per hr
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Tap water ad libitum
- Acclimation period: 5 days
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 hrs/12hrs

IN-LIFE DATES: From: 2007-10-01 To: 2007-10-04
Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Preparation of test site:
shaved
Vehicle:
other: Tested neat
Controls:
not required
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.5 mL
- Concentration (if solution): undiluted, i.e. 60 mg total protein/mL
Duration of treatment / exposure:
4 hours
Observation period:
72 hrs
Number of animals:
3
Details on study design:
The test compound alpha-amylase was assessed by semiocclusive application of 0.5 mL of the test material formulation to an area of 2.5 x 2.5 cm on the closely-clipped flank of three male New Zealand White rabbits for 4 hrs.
The study was conducted to comply with the following guidelines:
- Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) test guideline 404.

Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
ca. 0.3
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 h
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
ca. 0.3
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 h
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
other: Mean 24, 48, 72 h
Score:
ca. 0.3
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 h
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
other: Mean 24, 48, 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Irritant / corrosive response data:
At 1 h and 24 h after removal of the test material, very slight erythema was observed in the three rabbits. No erythema was observed at the 48 and 72 h reading. No oedema was observed at the test sites at any of the three rabbits at any of the examinations 1 hour, 24, 48 or 72 hours after termination of exposure.
Other effects:
No other effects.
Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
The test material alpha-amylase is not irritating to (human) skin.
Executive summary:

The acute dermal irritant effect of alpha-amylase was investigated according to the method recommended in the OECD Guideline No 404, “Acute Dermal Irritation/Corrosion”. The study was conducted in accordance with GLP.

The study was performed on three male New Zealand White rabbits. They were each exposed to 0.5 mL of the undiluted liquid test item applied under semiocclusive conditions to each of three closely-clipped test sites, 2.5 x 2.5 cm, on the flank. After a 4 -hour exposure period, the test item was removed from the test site and the skin was examined. Only very slight erythema was noted at 1 h and 24 h after removal of the test material, whereas eschar formation or oedema was not observed at any of the test sites at any of the examinations. All reactions were fully reversible and no erythema was observed at the test or control sites of any of the animals at the examinations at 48 or 72 hours after termination of exposure.

The Test Item Mean Score for erythema after 4hrs of exposure to the test item was: 0.3

The Test Item Mean Score for oedema after 4hrs of exposure to the test item was: 0.0

In conclusion, alpha-amylase was not irritating to skin and shall be classified as non-irritant.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Eye irritation

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
September 26 - October 04, 2007
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Version / remarks:
April 2002
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Bred by Charles River, Germany
- Age at study initiation: Adults
- Weight at study start: 1956 - 2064 g
- Housing: individually in stainless steel cages with perforated floor
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Standard diet ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Tap water ad libitum


ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 22 - 23°C
- Humidity (%): 50-70 %
- Air changes (per hr): 10 air changes per hr
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 hrs light/ 12 hrs dark cycle

IN-LIFE DATES: From: 2007-10-01 To: 2007-10-04



Vehicle:
other: Tested neat
Controls:
no
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.1 mL
- Concentration (if solution): Undiluted test material, i.e. 60 mg total protein/mL

Observation period (in vivo):
The reactions were judged 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after treatment
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3
Details on study design:
REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): No washing


SCORING SYSTEM: According to OECD 405

Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
ca. 0.3
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 h
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
ca. 0.3
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 h
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
ca. 0.3
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 h
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
ca. 0.3
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 h
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Irritant / corrosive response data:
At the 1 hour reading, discharge was present (score 1) in rabbit # 1. However, this symptom had disappeared at the following observations (24, 48 and 72 hours after treatment). At the examination at 1 hour and 24 hours after exposure, slight redness with or without slight swelling of the conjunctivae was present (score 1) in the three rabbits. However, these eye effects had cleared completely at the following observations, 48 and 72 hours after treatment.
Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
The test material alpha-amylase is not irritating to eyes.
Executive summary:

The study was carried out according to OECD guideline no. 405. Three rabbits were treated as follows: One rabbit was treated first and two more aprox. one hour later. An amount of 0.1 mL of the undiluted test substance was instilled in the conjunctival cul-de-sac of one of the eyes of the rabbit. After administration, the upper and the lower eye lid were carefully closed and subsequently held together for at least one second before releasing to prevent loss of material. The other eye remained untreated and served as a control. The reactions of the eyes were judged at 1 h, 24 h, 48 h and 72 h after treatment.

The only effects seen were ocular discharge (score 1) in one rabbit at the 1 hour reading, and slight redness with or without slight swelling of the conjunctivae (score 1) in all rabbits at the examination at 1 hour and 24 hours after exposure. However, these slight effects were cleared completely at the following observations 48 and 72 hours after treatment. According to the Globally Harmonised System of Classification and labelling of Chemicals (GHS, UN/ECE 2003) alpha-amylase should not be classified as eye irritating.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Additional information

The skin and eye irritation potential of alpha-amylase has been tested according to OECD guidelines, in compliance with GLP. The only reactions seen were transient skin erythema and transient conjunctival redness with or without swelling in the dosed rabbits. All reactions were mild, no scores were above 1 in all rabbits. All effects in both irritation studies were totally cleared at the 48h reading.

The conclusion was that alpha-amylase is neither a skin nor an eye irritant. 


Justification for selection of skin irritation / corrosion endpoint:
Key study selected as most relevant study of highest concern.

Justification for selection of eye irritation endpoint:
Key study selected as most relevant study of highest concern.

Justification for classification or non-classification

The skin and eye irritation potential of alpha-amylase has been tested according to OECD guidelines, and in compliance with GLP. The conclusion was that alpha-amylase did not exert any significant skin and eye irritation.