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Administrative data

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Genetic toxicity in vitro

Description of key information

The test item was not mutagenic in bacteria with and without metabolizing system according to OECD Guideline 471.

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2017-09-07 to 2018-01-15
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
Version / remarks:
adopted 21 July 1997
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.13/14 (Mutagenicity - Reverse Mutation Test Using Bacteria)
Version / remarks:
30 May 2008
GLP compliance:
yes
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay
Target gene:
HIS operon (S. thyphimurium)
TRP operon (E. coli)
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535
Details on mammalian cell type (if applicable):
his G 46, uvrB, rfa
Additional strain / cell type characteristics:
other: mutations in the histidine operon
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1537
Details on mammalian cell type (if applicable):
his C 3076, uvrB, rfa
Additional strain / cell type characteristics:
other: mutations in the histidine operon
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 98
Details on mammalian cell type (if applicable):
his D 3052, uvrB, rfa + R-factor
Additional strain / cell type characteristics:
other: mutations in the histidine operon
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 100
Details on mammalian cell type (if applicable):
his G 46, uvrB, rfa + R-factor
Additional strain / cell type characteristics:
other: mutations in the histidine operon
Species / strain / cell type:
E. coli WP2
Details on mammalian cell type (if applicable):
uvrA pkM101
Additional strain / cell type characteristics:
other: mutations in the tryptophan operon
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
liver S9 mix from Aroclor 1254-pretreated rats with standard co-factors
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
The test material concentrations used were selected according to the EC and OECD guidelines for this test system and the requirements of the Labor Ministry of Japan:
1. Series: 5.00, 15.8, 50, 158, 500, 1580 and 5000 μg/plate
2. Series: 15.8, 50.0, 158, 500 and 1580 μg/plate
Vehicle / solvent:
DMSO
Untreated negative controls:
no
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide
9-aminoacridine
sodium azide
other: daunomycin
Remarks:
without S9
Untreated negative controls:
no
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
other: 2-aminoanthracene
Remarks:
with S9
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
The plate incorporation test with and without addition of liver S9 mix from rats pretreated with beta-Naphthoflavone/Phenobarbital was used. In this study, two experimental series were performed. The S9 mix used contained 10% S9 in the 1st and 20% S9 in the 2nd series.
Rationale for test conditions:
according to Guideline
Evaluation criteria:
A test material was to be defined as positive or mutagenic in this assay if
• the assay is considered valid and
• a biologically relevant increase in the mean number of revertants above a threshold of 2-fold (TA 98, TA 100, WP2 uvrA) or 3-fold (TA 1535, TA 1537) as compared to the con-current negative controls is observed
• an increase exceeding the threshold at only one concentration is considered as biologically meaningful if reproduced in a second independent experiment
• a concentration-dependent increase is considered biologically meaningful if the threshold is exceeded at more than one concentration

A test material is defined as negative or non-mutagenic in this assay if
• the assay is considered valid and
• one of the above-mentioned criteria are met
Whenever colony counts remain within the historical range of negative controls, such increases are considered as biologically not meaningful. In general, two series of experiments must be performed. However, there is no requirement for verification of a clear positive response (OECD TG 471, 1997).
Results which only partially satisfied the above criteria were dealt with on a case by case basis. Biological relevance was considered, for example consistency of response within and between concentrations and (where applicable) between experiments.
Statistics:
According to the OECD guideline 471, a statistical analysis of the data is not mandatory.
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity, but tested up to precipitating concentrations
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
not examined
True negative controls validity:
not examined
Positive controls validity:
valid
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1537
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
not examined
True negative controls validity:
not examined
Positive controls validity:
valid
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 98
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity, but tested up to precipitating concentrations
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
not examined
True negative controls validity:
not examined
Positive controls validity:
valid
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity, but tested up to precipitating concentrations
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
not examined
True negative controls validity:
not examined
Positive controls validity:
valid
Key result
Species / strain:
E. coli WP2 uvr A pKM 101
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity, but tested up to precipitating concentrations
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
not examined
True negative controls validity:
not examined
Positive controls validity:
valid
Conclusions:
With and without addition of S9 mix as the external metabolizing system, the test item was not mutagenic under the experimental conditions described.
Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (negative)

Genetic toxicity in vivo

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Justification for classification or non-classification

Based on the provided information the test item is not classified for mutagenicity according to the EU Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures.