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Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1979
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: No GLP study; Comparable to guideline study; limited information on test itemand its formulation and animal husbandry. Test are in concordance with those recommended by the ETAD. The study results are considered valid for indigo.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1979
Report Date:
1979

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to
Guideline:
other: FDA Federal Register 38, No 187
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Patch test technique on abraded and intact skin
GLP compliance:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Indigo-N-Lumps
- Substance type: active ingredient
- Physical state: solid

Test animals

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
single housed

Test system

Type of coverage:
occlusive
Preparation of test site:
other: shaved and abraded
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
no
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 500 mg pasted with water
Duration of treatment / exposure:
24 hours
Observation period:
immediately after removal (24 hours after application) and 48 hours after removal (72 hours after application)
Number of animals:
6
Details on study design:
TEST SITE
- Area of exposure: back
- Coverage: - shaved and scarified skin: 2.5x2.5 cm
- shaved skin: 2.5x2.5 cm
- Type of wrap if used: rubber sheeting


REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Time after start of exposure: 24 hours with cotton wool and warm water


SCORING SYSTEM: FDA Federal Register 38, No 187

Erythema and eschar formation (EEF) :
No erythema 0
Very slight erythema (barely perceptible) 1
Well defined erythema 2
Moderate to severe erythema 3
Severe erythema (beet redness) to slight eschar formation (injuries in depth) 4

Edema formation (EF):
No edema 0
Very slight edema (barely perceptible) 1
Slight edema (edges of area well defined by definite raising) 2
Moderate edema (raised approximately 1 mm) 3
Severe edema (raised more than 1 mm and extending beyond area of exp.) 4

Calculation of Primary Irritation Indey for intact and abraded skin.
Mean value of 6 animals

Primary Irritation Index (PII) = Animal 1 (EEF24h-abraded + EEF72h-abraded + EEF24h-shaved + EEF72h-shaved + EF24h-abraded + EF72h-abraded + EF24h-shaved + EF72h-shaved) + .... + Animal 6 (EEF24h-abraded + EEF72h-abraded + EEF24h-shaved + EEF72h-shaved + EF24h-abraded + EF72h-abraded + EF24h-shaved + EF72h-shaved)/ 24

EVALUATION:

0.0 - 0.5 non-irritant
0.6 - 3.0 slightly irritant
3.1 - 5.0 moderately irritant
5.1 - 8.0 severely irritant

Results and discussion

In vivo

Results
Irritation parameter:
primary dermal irritation index (PDII)
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 24 and 72 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
8
Irritant / corrosive response data:
not irritant

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not irritating
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: US CPSC / US FDA
Conclusions:
The application of Indigo N Lumps to intact and abraded skin for 24 hours did not lead to any signs of skin irritation