Registration Dossier

Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

Currently viewing:

Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1990
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1990
Report Date:
1990

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 404 (Acute Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
Version / remarks:
adopted May 12, 1981
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
Remarks:
migrated information: powder

Test animals

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Dr. K. Thomae GMBH, Chemisch-pharmazeutische Fabrik, Biberach/Riss, Germany
- Animal strain in detail: Chbb:NZW
- Age at study initiation: approx. 9-13 weeks old
- Weight at study initiation: 2210 to 2440 g
- Housing: individually
- Diet: standard rabbit pellet - Nafag No. 814, Gossau, Switzerland, ad libitum
- Water: fresh water, ad libitum
- Acclimation period: at least 5 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 20 ± 3
- Humidity (%): 30-70
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 / 12

Test system

Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Preparation of test site:
shaved
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
other: not required, untreated sites of the same animal served as control
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.5 g
Duration of treatment / exposure:
4 hours
Observation period:
72 hours
Number of animals:
3 females
Details on study design:
TEST SITE
- Area of exposure: at least 36 cm² was shaved on both flanks of the animals approximately 24 hours before treatment. A gauze patch (approx. 12-16 cm²) bearing 0.5 g of the test item was applied to the right flank of each animal. A control gauze patch was applied to the other flank. Both patches were moistened before application with distilled water.
- Type of wrap if used: patches were loosely covered with an aluminum foil (approx. 36 cm²) and held in place for 4 hours by an adhesive tape (Isoplast, Isoplast AG, Brugg, Switzerland).

SCORING SYSTEM: Draize system
-Reading time point: 1, 24, 48, and 72 hours after removing the gauze patches

OTHER
- The animals were checked daily for systemic symptoms and mortality. Bodyweight was recorded at study initiation and on day 3 of the observation period.

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
out of all 3 animals
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
other: reversibility: not applicable
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
out of all 3 animals
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
other: reversibility: not applicable
Irritant / corrosive response data:
No skin reactions were observed one hour after removal of the test patches as well as at reading time points 24 hours to 72 hours. Therefore, the observation period was ended after the 72 hours evaluation.
Other effects:
No other effects observed.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not irritating
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
Oxybenzone was shown not to be irritant to rabbit skin in this test.
Executive summary:

No effects in any of the animals were observed in this test and as a aconsequence the observation period was terminated after 3 days. The substance oxybenzone is considered not to be irritant to rabbit skin.