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Surface tension

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Reference
Endpoint:
surface tension
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
May 23, 2018 to May 24, 2018
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 115 (Surface Tension of Aqueous Solutions)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method A.5 (Surface Tension)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
ring method
Key result
Surface tension:
< 53.3 mN/m
Temp.:
20.4 °C
Conc.:
1 000.4 mg/L

Results

An aqueous solution of the test item in de-ionized water with a concentration of 1000.4 mg/l was prepared and stirred for 20 h. After adapting to 20 °C for 6 hours the measurement of the surface tension with the test item solution was carried out at 20 ± 0.5°C (20.4 °C), as follows:

The solution to be measured was transferred to the measurement vessel, taking care to avoid foaming. The measurement vessel was placed on the table of the test apparatus. The measurement vessel was raised until the ring was immersed below the surface of the solution. The time from starting the measurement was recorded (see Table1 below). Subsequently, the table top was lowered gradually and evenly at a rate of 0.3 cm/min to detach the ring from the surface until the maximum force was reached. The force was read on the tensiometer. The measurements were repeated until 6 measurements werewithin the limits of the stability criterion.

Table1: Surface tension

Measurement

1

2

3

4

5

6

Time (s)

154

275

397

518

639

761

s(mN/m) uncorrected

58.63

58.56

58.54

58.52

58.50

58.47

s(mN/m) corrected according to Zuidema and Waters[1]

53.30

53.24

53.22

53.20

53.17

53.15

Due to the fact that the surface tension showed a time-dependence no mean value could be reported. However, the surface tension was lower than 60 mN/m, the test item had surface-active properties.


[1]Zuidema, H., Waters, C.W.,Ind. Eng.Chem. Analyt.13 (1941), S. 312

Executive summary:

        

The surface tension of the aqueous solution of the test item at 20 °C was lower than 60 mN/m. The test item had surface-active properties.

Description of key information

The surface tension of the aqueous solution of the test item at 20 °C was lower than 60 mN/m. The test item had surface-active properties.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

Due to the fact that the surface tension showed a time-dependence no mean value could be reported. However, the surface tension was lower than 60 mN/m, the test item had surface-active properties.