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Ecotoxicological information

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The Chemical Safety Assessment according to Annex I indicates that secondary poisoning is unlikely as substance and its relevant degradation products decompose rapidly and there is a low potential for bioaccumulation (Log Kow below 3) (study scientifically not necessary).

The short-term toxicity to terrestrial plants does not need to be conducted because the substance and its relevant degradation products decompose rapidly (study scientifically not necessary).

According to ECHA guidance Chapter R.7c: Endpoint specific guidance, Version 3.0 – June 2017, Section R.7.11.2 the following applies: QUOTE: “In the case of readily biodegradable substances which are not directly applied to soil it is generally assumed that the substance will not enter the terrestrial environment and as such there is no need for testing of soil organisms is required.” UNQUOTE The substance (R)-(-)-butane-1,3-diol was shown to be readily biodegradable, is fully miscible in water and does have a negative log Pow (-0.9). Finally, no direct application to soil is known and indirect exposure of soil is also unlikely. The substance is used as intermediate and monomer in industrial processes, making exposure to soil very unlikely. The professional and consumer uses in cosmetic, washing and cleaning and pharmaceutical products do result in aqueous emissions to sewage treatment plants, in which due to the ready biodegradability the substance would be entirely biodegraded and thus, exposure to soil through these uses of the substance is unlikely too. Thus, long-term exposure to soil is not of concern and no testing for long-term toxicity to soil organisms is required, based on exposure considerations.

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