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Genetic toxicity: in vitro

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
12 July 2010 - 19 July 2010
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: This study has been performed according to OECD and/or EC guidelines and according to GLP principles.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2010
Report Date:
2010

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.13/14 (Mutagenicity - Reverse Mutation Test Using Bacteria)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent

Method

Target gene:
- S. typhimurium: Histidine gene
- E. coli: Tryptophan gene
Species / strainopen allclose all
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Species / strain / cell type:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
Rat liver S9-mix induced by a combination of phenobarbital and ß-naphthoflavone
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
Experiment 1:
Main study: TA1535, TA1537, TA98, TA100 and WP2uvrA:
With and without S9-mix:100, 333, 1000, 3330 and 5000 µg/plate
Experiment 2:
TA1535, TA1537, TA98, TA100 and WP2uvrA:
With and without S9-mix: 100, 333, 1000, 3330 and 5000 µg/plate
Vehicle / solvent:
- Vehicle(s)/solvent(s) used: Milli-Q water
- Justification for choice of solvent/vehicle: solubility
Controlsopen allclose all
Untreated negative controls:
no
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
Remarks:
, ethanol
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
methylmethanesulfonate
Remarks:
without S9

Migrated to IUCLID6: 650 µg/plate in DMSO for TA100
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
2-nitrofluorene
Remarks:
without S9

Migrated to IUCLID6: 10 µg/plate in DMSO for TA98
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
sodium azide
Remarks:
without S9

Migrated to IUCLID6: 5 µg/plate in saline for TA1535
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
9-aminoacridine
Remarks:
without S9

Migrated to IUCLID6: 60 µg/plate in milli-Q water for TA1537
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide
Remarks:
without S9

Migrated to IUCLID6: 10 µg/plate in DMSO for WP2uvrA
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
other: 2-aminoanthracene in DMSO for all tester strains
Remarks:
with S9
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
METHOD OF APPLICATION: in agar (plate incorporation)

DURATION
- Exposure duration: 48 hour

NUMBER OF REPLICATIONS:
- Doses of the test substance were tested in triplicate in each strain. Two independent experiments were conducted.

NUMBER OF CELLS EVALUATED: 10E8 per plate

DETERMINATION OF CYTOTOXICITY
- Method: The reduction of the bacterial background lawn, the increase in the size of the microcolonies and the reduction of the revertant colonies

OTHER EXAMINATIONS:
- The presence of precipitation of the test compound on the plates was observed.


Evaluation criteria:
A test substance is considered negative (not mutagenic) in the test if:
a) The total number of revertants in tester strain TA100 is not greater than two (2) times the concurrent control, and the total number of revertants in tester strains TA1535, TA1537, TA98 or WP2uvrA is not greater than three (3) times the concurrent control.
b) The negative response should be reproducible in at least one independently repeated experiment.

A test substance is considered positive if:
a) A two-fold (TA100) or more or a three-fold (TA1535, TA1537, TA98, WP2uvrA) or more increase above solvent control in the mean number of revertant colonies is observed in the test substance group.
b) The increase in the mean number of revertant colonies follows the concentration of test substance (dose-response relationship).

Results and discussion

Test resultsopen allclose all
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Species / strain:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Additional information on results:
TEST-SPECIFIC CONFOUNDING FACTORS
- Precipitation: No precipitation was observed up to and including the top of 5000 µg/plate

RANGE-FINDING/SCREENING STUDIES:
- No toxicity or mutagenicity was observed up to and including the top of 5000 µg/plate

COMPARISON WITH HISTORICAL CONTROL DATA:
- The negative and strain-specific positive control values were within our laboratory historical control data ranges indicating that the test conditions were adequate and that the metabolic activation system functioned properly.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Interpretation of results (migrated information):
negative

All bacterial strains showed negative responses over the entire dose range, i.e. no significant dose-related increase in the number of revertants in two independently repeated experiments.

The negative and strain-specific positive control values were within the laboratory historical control data ranges indicating that the test conditions were adequate and that the metabolic activation system functioned properly.

Based on the results of this study it is concluded that Potassium chlorate is not mutagenic in the Salmonella typhimurium reverse mutation assay and in the Escherichia coli reverse mutation assay.
Executive summary:

Evaluation of the mutagenic activity of Complexation products of sodium tartrate with iron trichloride in theSalmonella typhimuriumreverse mutation assay and theEscherichia colireverse mutation assay (with independent repeat).

 

Complexation products of sodium tartrate with iron trichloride was tested in theSalmonella typhimuriumreverse mutation assay with four histidine-requiring strains ofSalmonella typhimurium(TA1535, TA1537, TA98 and TA100) and in theEscherichia colireverse mutation assay with a tryptophan-requiring strain ofEscherichia coli(WP2uvrA). The test was performed in two independent experiments in the presence and absence of S9-mix (rat liver S9-mix induced by a combination of phenobarbital and ß-naphthoflavone).

 

Complexation products of sodium tartrate with iron trichloride was a dark green liquid. The test substance was dissolved in milli-Q water.

 

In the first mutation assay, Complexation products of sodium tartrate was tested up to concentrations of 5000 µg/plate in the absence and presence of 5% (v/v) S9-mix. Complexation products of sodium tartrate did not precipitate on the plates at this dose level. The bacterial background lawn was not reduced at any of the concentrations tested and no decrease in the number of revertants was observed.

 

In the second mutation assay, Complexation products of sodium tartrate was tested at a concentration range of 100 to 5000 µg/plate in the absence and presence of 10% (v/v) S9-mix. The bacterial background lawn was not reduced at any of the concentrations tested and no biologically relevant decrease in the number of revertants was observed.

 

Complexation products of sodium tartrate with iron trichloride did not induce a significant dose-related increase in the number of revertant (His+) colonies in each of the four tester strains (TA1535, TA1537, TA98 and TA100) and in the number of revertant (Trp+) colonies in tester strain WP2uvrA both in the absence and presence of S9-metabolic activation. These results were confirmed in an independently repeated experiment.

 

In this study, the negative and strain-specific positive control values were within the laboratory historical control data ranges indicating that the test conditions were adequate and that the metabolic activation system functioned properly.

 

All other bacterial strains showed negative responses over the entire dose range, i.e. no significant dose-related increase in the number of revertants in two independently repeated experiments.

 

Based on the results of this study it is concluded that Sodium polysulfide solution is not mutagenic in theSalmonella typhimuriumreverse mutation assay and that Sodium polysulfide solution is mutagenic in theEscherichia colireverse mutation assay.