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Toxicological information

Genetic toxicity: in vitro

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP and guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2002
Report Date:
2001

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
GLP compliance:
yes
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
Remarks:
migrated information: powder
Details on test material:
Name of the test substance used in the study report: "STAB"
Purity: >97 %

Method

Species / strain
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
rat liver S-9 mix
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
50, 150, 500, 1500, 5000
Vehicle / solvent:
water
Controls
Untreated negative controls:
yes
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
True negative controls:
no
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide
N-ethyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine
other: 9-Aminoacridine (9AA):
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
Since the test substance is highly reactive, authorities have been contacted on study design. It was recommended to mix the substance in water for approximately 15 min to allow degradation. The substance was the further diluted with water and the obtained solution used for the Ames test
Evaluation criteria:
The material may be considered positive in this test system if the following criteria are met:
The test material should have induced a reproducible, dose-related and statistically (Dunnett's method of linear regression) significant increase in the revertant count in at least one strain of 5 bacteria.

Results and discussion

Test results
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and E. coli WP2
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Additional information on results:
The degradation product of the test material caused no visible reduction in the growth of the bacterial background lawn at any dose level; it was, therefore, tested up to the maximum dose level of 5000 µg/plate. No test material precipitate was observed on the plates of any of the doses tested in either the presence or absence of S9-mix.
No significant increases in the frequency of revertant colonies were recorded for any of the strains of bacteria, at any dose level either with or without metabolic activation.
All of the positive control chemicals used in the test induced marked inereases in the frequency of revertant colonies thus confirming the activity of the S9-mix and the sensitivity of the bacterial strarns.
Remarks on result:
other: all strains/cell types tested
Remarks:
Migrated from field 'Test system'.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Interpretation of results (migrated information):
negative