Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
201-204-4
CAS no.:
79-41-4
Index number:
Molecular formula:
C4H6O2
SMILES:
CC(=C)C(O)=O
InChI:
InChI=1S/C4H6O2/c1-3(2)4(5)6/h1H2,2H3,(H,5,6)
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
25
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance causes severe skin burns and eye damage, is harmful if swallowed and is harmful in contact with skin.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance is toxic in contact with skin, causes serious eye damage, is harmful if inhaled and may cause respiratory irritation.

Breakdown of all 3524 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Skin Corr. 1A H314 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H302 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 3 H311
STOT SE 3 H335
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Acute Tox. 4 H312 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 3 H312
Acute Tox. 3 H301
Acute Tox. 3 H331
Carc. 1B H350
STOT RE 1 H372
Muta. 2 H341
Not Classified
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 89 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 000 - 1 000 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: adhesives and sealants.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters), outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles, machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines) and electrical batteries and accumulators. This substance can be found in products with material based on: stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material), fabrics, textiles and apparel (e.g. clothing, mattress, curtains or carpets, textile toys), leather (e.g. gloves, shoes, purses, furniture), metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery), paper (e.g. tissues, feminine hygiene products, nappies, books, magazines, wallpaper), rubber (e.g. tyres, shoes, toys), wood (e.g. floors, furniture, toys) and plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones). This substance is intended to be released from scented: clothes.

This substance is used in the following products: coating products, inks and toners, adhesives and sealants, paper chemicals and dyes and polymers.

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work, printing and recorded media reproduction and scientific research and development. This substance is used for the manufacture of: plastic products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, roller or brushing applications, mixing in open batch processes, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, transfer of substance into small containers, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation and laboratory work.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use and indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters).

This substance is used in the following products: paper chemicals and dyes, polymers, adhesives and sealants, coating products, non-metal-surface treatment products, inks and toners, pH regulators and water treatment products, laboratory chemicals, leather treatment products, textile treatment products and dyes and washing & cleaning products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following products: coating products, inks and toners, adhesives and sealants, paper chemicals and dyes, pH regulators and water treatment products, leather treatment products, polymers and textile treatment products and dyes. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: mining, printing and recorded media reproduction and municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals and plastic products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, transfer of substance into small containers, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: for thermoplastic manufacture, in the production of articles and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, laboratory work and closed processes with no likelihood of exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, for thermoplastic manufacture, as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: If on skin (or hair): take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water or shower. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing.

Storage statements

Store this substance locked up.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • 3M Belgium BVBA/SPRL, Hermeslaan 7 1831 Diegem Belgium
  • 3M Deutschland GmbH, Carl-Schurz-Strasse 1 41453 Neuss Germany
  • 3M France SAS, 1 Parvis de l'Innovation CS 20203 95006 Cergy-Pontoise Cedex France
  • Allnex Belgium NV/SA OR1, Anderlechtstraat 33 1620 Drogenbos Belgium
  • Alpha OR LI Inc, Merseyweg 16, PO Box 1222, 3180AE Rozenburg ZH, 3197 KG Botlek Rt Zuid Holland Netherlands
  • Alpha OR MCC Japan, Merseyweg 16, PO Box 1222, 3180AE Rozenburg ZH, 3197 KG Botlek Rotterdam Zuid Holland Netherlands
  • Alpha OR MCC Korea, Merseyweg 16, PO Box 1222, 3180AE Rozenburg ZH, 3197 KG Botlek Rotterdam Zuid Holland Netherlands
  • Alpha OR MCC Thailand, Merseyweg 16, PO Box 1222, 3180AE Rozenburg ZH, 3197 KG Botlek Rotterdam Zuid Holland Netherlands
  • ARKEMA PHOTOCURES, 420 rue d'Estienne d'Orves 92700 Colombes France
  • Arpadis Benelux NV, Desguinlei 88A 2018 Antwerp Belgium
  • Ashland Services BV (0311), Noordweg 9 3336 LH Zwijndrecht Netherlands
  • Avery Dennison Materials Europe BV, Willem Einthovenstraat 11 2342 BH Oegstgeest Zuid-Holland Netherlands
  • Axalta Coating Systems Germany GmbH & Co. KG, Christbusch 25 42285 Wuppertal Germany
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • BorsodChem Zrt. - OR, Bolyai ter 1. H-3700 Kazincbarcika Hungary
  • C.S.B. GmbH, Düsseldorfer Str. 113 47809 Krefeld Germany
  • Cambridge Environmental Assessments, part of RSK ADAS Europe (Ireland) Ltd, Office Suite B, Bluebell Business Centre Old Naas Rd D12XV7K Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemours Netherlands B.V., Baanhoekweg 22 3313 LA Dordrecht Netherlands
  • Chemservice S.A. (H5P7), 5, an de Laengten 6776 Grevenmacher Luxembourg
  • COATEX SAS, 35 rue AMPERE 69730 GENAY France
  • COVANCE CRS SA 072, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 – 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • COVANCE CRS SA 104, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 - 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • COVANCE CRS SA 155, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edifico 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 - 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • Dow Belgium B.V.B.A., Grotesteenweg 214 B-2600 Antwerpen (Berchem) Belgium Belgium
  • DOW BENELUX B.V., Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. OR-10, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. OR-11, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. OR-13, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. OR-7, Postbus 48 NL-4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • Dow Benelux B.V. OR-20, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • Dow Benelux B.V. OR-51, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DSM Coating Resins B.V., Ceintuurbaan 5 8022 AW Zwolle Netherlands
  • Du Pont (U.K.) Limited, London Road 4th Floor, Kings Court SG1 2NG Stevenage Hertfordshire United Kingdom
  • Du Pont de Nemours (Deutschland) GmbH, Hugenottenallee 173-175 D-63263 Neu-Isenburg Hesse Germany
  • DuPont de Nemours (Deutschland) GmbH_1, Hugenottenallee 173-175 D-63263 Neu-Isenburg Hesse Germany
  • ECEM, Hogehilweg 18 1101CD Amsterdam Noord Holland Netherlands
  • ELGA EUROPE SRL, Via della Merlata, 8 20014 NERVIANO MILANO Italy
  • Evonik Resource Efficiency GmbH, Rellinghauser Strasse 1-11 45128 Essen Germany
  • Henkel AG & Co. KGaA - Only Representative HCorpUSA, Henkelstrasse 67 40191 Duesseldorf Germany
  • Henkel Global Supply Chain B.V., Gustav Mahlerlaan 2970 1081 LA Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Huntsman Textile Effects (Germany) GmbH, Rehlinger Str. 1 D-86462 Langweid a.Lech Germany
  • INEOS Composites Hispania S.L. (0341), Partida Povet, 37 ES-12580 Benicarlo Castillon de la Plana Spain
  • INVISTA Textiles (U.K.) Limited, 20 Gresham Street 4th Floor EC2V 7JE London United Kingdom
  • Kao Chemicals Europe, S.L. (2), Puig dels Tudons, 10 08210 Barbera del Valles Barcelona Spain
  • Kemira Oyj, Energiakatu 4 P.O.Box 330 FI-00101 HELSINKI Finland
  • KH Chemicals B.V., Scheepmakerij 260 3331 MB Zwijndrecht Netherlands
  • Kodak GmbH, Hedelfinger Strasse 60 70327 Stuttgart Germany
  • Kodak Graphic Communications GmbH, Hedelfinger Str. 60 70327 Stuttgart Germany
  • Kuraray Europe GmbH, Philipp-Reis-Str. 4 65795 Hattersheim Germany
  • Lubrizol Advanced Materials Europe B.V.B.A, Nijverheidsstraat 30 2260 Westerlo-Oevel Belgium
  • Lubrizol Europe Coordination Center BVBA 02 , Chaussee De Wavre 1945 Brussels Belgium
  • Lubrizol Limited, The Knowle, Nether Lane Hazelwwod DE56 4AN Derby Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Lucite International UK Limited MI, Cassel PO Box 8 TS23 1LE Billingham United Kingdom
  • NAM & NAM Europe GmbH, Emil-Figge-Str. 80 44227 Dortmund(054) Germany
  • Nouryon Surface Chemistry AB, Stenunge Allé 3 - S-44485 Stenungsund - Sweden
  • OMNOVA Solutions SAS (OR of OMNOVA Solutions Inc), 14 avenue des Tropiques ZA de Courtaboeuf 2, Villejust 91955 Courtaboeuf Cedex France
  • Pioneer Solutions Europe BVBA, De Roskam 13 2970 Schilde Belgium
  • PPG Coatings BV, Papesteeg 102 4006 WC Tiel Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR1, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR3, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Industries Italia Srl Società soggetta a direzione e coordinamento da parte di PPG Industries Inc., Via Serra, 1 15028 Quattordio Italy
  • Purolite Ltd., Llantrisant Business Park CF72 8LF Llantrisant Wales United Kingdom
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin18 Dublin Ireland
  • RHODIA OPERATIONS, 40 rue de la Haie Coq 93306 AUBERVILLIERS France
  • Roehm America LLC - ORR1, Dolivostrasse 17 64293 Darmstadt Germany
  • RSI ChemRep Europe Ltd (D001), 27-30 Merchants Quay Merchants House 8 Dublin Ireland
  • Röhm Chemical Shanghai OR-R4, Dolivostrasse 17 64293 Darmstadt Germany
  • Röhm GmbH, Dolivostrasse 17 64293 Darmstadt Germany
  • Schoeller Technocell GmbH & Co. KG, Burg Gretesch 49086 Osnabrück Germany
  • SGL Carbon Fibers Ltd, Muir of Ord Industrial Estate, Great North Road IV6 7UA, Muir of Ord, Easter Rossshire, United Kingdom
  • Stahl Europe B.V., Sluisweg 10 5145PE Waalwijk Noord Brabant Netherlands
  • Stewardship Chemicals 28, Green Lowe Farm, Shawclough Road Waterfoot BB4 9SA Rossendale Lancashire United Kingdom
  • Sun Chemical B.V., Leeuwenveldseweg 3-t 1382 LV Weesp Netherlands
  • Sustainability Support Services (Europe) AB, Markaskälsvägen 6 22647 Lund Sweden
  • Synthomer (UK) Limited, Central Road Templefields CM20 2BH Harlow Essex United Kingdom
  • TOKUYAMA EUROPE GMBH, Am Gierath 20A 40885 Ratingen Germany
  • TÜV SÜD Iberia S.A.U. (052), Ronda Can Fatjó 13 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès Barcelona Spain
  • Zeon Europe GmbH, Hansaallee 249 40549 Düsseldorf NRW Germany
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]

Substance names and other identifiers

2-methylpropenoic acid
C&L Inventory
Methacrylic acid
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, REACH pre-registration
2- methylpropenová kyselina (cs)
C&L Inventory
2- metilpropénsav (hu)
C&L Inventory
2-methylpropensyre (da)
C&L Inventory
2-Methylpropensäure (de)
C&L Inventory
2-metil-propenonska kiselina (hr)
C&L Inventory
2-metilpropeno rūgštis (lt)
C&L Inventory
2-metilpropenojska kislina (sl)
C&L Inventory
2-metilpropānskābe (lv)
C&L Inventory
2-metylpropensyra (sv)
C&L Inventory
2-metylpropensyre (no)
C&L Inventory
2-Metyylipropeenihappo (fi)
C&L Inventory
2-metüülpropeenhape (et)
C&L Inventory
2-метилпропенолова киселина (bg)
C&L Inventory
acid 2-metil propenoic (ro)
C&L Inventory
acid metacrilic (ro)
C&L Inventory
acide méthacrylique (fr)
C&L Inventory
acido 2-metil propenoico (it)
C&L Inventory
acido metacrilico (it)
C&L Inventory
kwas 2-metylopropenowy (pl)
C&L Inventory
kwas metakrylowy (pl)
C&L Inventory
kyselina 2-metylpropénová (sk)
C&L Inventory
kyselina metakrylová (sk)
C&L Inventory
metakrilna kiselina (hr)
C&L Inventory
metakrilna kislina (sl)
C&L Inventory
metakrilo rūgštis (lt)
C&L Inventory
metakrilsav (hu)
C&L Inventory
metakrilskābe (lv)
C&L Inventory
metakrylsyra (sv)
C&L Inventory
metakrylsyre (no)
C&L Inventory
Metakryylihappo (fi)
C&L Inventory
Metakrüülhape (et)
C&L Inventory
methacrylsyre (da)
C&L Inventory
Methacrylsäure (de)
C&L Inventory
methacrylzuur (nl)
C&L Inventory
methakrylová kyselina (cs)
C&L Inventory
ácido 2-metilpropenoico (es)
C&L Inventory
ácido 2-metilpropenóico (pt)
C&L Inventory
ácido metacrílico (es)
C&L Inventory
μεθακρυλικό οξύ 2-μεθυλοπροπενικό οξύ (el)
C&L Inventory
мeтакрилова киселина (bg)
C&L Inventory
2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-
Other
2- methylpropenoic acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
2-methyl-2-propenic acid
C&L Inventory
2-Methyl-2-propenoic acid
Registration dossier
2-methylacrylic acid
Registration dossier
2-Methylprop-2-enoic acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, Other
2-methylpropenic acid
C&L Inventory
MAA
Registration dossier
Methacrylic Acid (stabilized with MEHQ)
C&L Inventory
METHACRYLIC ACID(38780)
C&L Inventory
methacrylic acid; 2-methylpropenoic acid
C&L Inventory
methyacrylate acid
C&L Inventory
methyl propenoate
C&L Inventory
sodium 2-methylprop-2-enoate
C&L Inventory
.alpha.-Methacrylic acid
Registration dossier
.alpha.-Methylacrylic acid
Registration dossier
2-Methacrylic acid
Registration dossier
2-Methylenepropenoic acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
2-propanoic acid, 2-methyl
Registration dossier
2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl
Registration dossier
2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl- (9CI)
Registration dossier
Acide methacrylique (french)
Registration dossier
Acido metacrilico (spanish)
Registration dossier
Acrylic acid, 2-methyl
Registration dossier
alpha methacrylic acid
Registration dossier
alpha-methacrylic acid
Registration dossier
alpha-methylacrylic acid
Registration dossier
AMA
Registration dossier
Glacial Methacrylic Acid (GMAA)
Registration dossier
Isobutenoic acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Kyselina methakrylova (czech)
Registration dossier
Methacrylic acid (8CI)
Registration dossier
Methacrylic Acid (MAA)
Registration dossier
Methacrylic Acid A-102
Registration dossier
Methacrylsäure (german)
Registration dossier
Methylacrylic acid
Registration dossier
PARMON GMAA
C&L Inventory
Prop-2-enoic acid, 2-methyl- (PICCS)
Registration dossier
Propenoic acid, 2-methyl
Registration dossier
Propenoic acid, 2-methylene
Registration dossier
VISIOMER®GMAA
Registration dossier
1338439-16-9
Deleted CAS number
Other
2023788-71-6
Deleted CAS number
Other
463311-95-7
Deleted CAS number
Other
562836-84-4
Deleted CAS number
Other
607-088-00-5
Index number
C&L Inventory
79-41-4
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Odour
Pungent (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
15.4 - 15.5 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
162 °C @ 101.3 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
162 °C

Density

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Relative density
1.01 @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.014

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
97 Pa @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
97 Pa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Log Pow
0.93 @ 22 °C and pH 2.2 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
0.93 @ 22 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
98 g/L @ 20 °C and pH 1.2 - 2 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
98 g/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Surface tension
65.9 mN/m @ 1.01 g/L and 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Flash point
67 °C @ 101.3 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 6
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
67 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
385 - 400 °C @ 101.3 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
400 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Dissociating properties
Not determined (100%) [1]
R Dissociation constant
4.66 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R dynamic viscosity (in mPa s)
1.38 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
20.6 - 24.2 h [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2 4
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4 5
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 820 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 820 µg/L (1)
Marine water 820 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 10 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) No exposure of sediment expected (1)
Sediment (marine water) No exposure of sediment expected (1)
Hazard for Air
Air -
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 1.2 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 85 mg/L [1]
NOEC (4 days) 12 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (35 days) 10 mg/L [1]
LOEC (35 days) 23 mg/L [1]
LC50 (35 days) 42 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 130 mg/L [1]
NOEC (48 h) 130 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 53 mg/L [2]
EC50 (21 days) 70 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 20 - 45 mg/L [2]
NOEC (72 h) 8.2 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 8
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (17 h) 270 mg/L [1]
EC10 (17 h) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 29.6 mg/m³ irritation (respiratory tract)
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 88 mg/m³ irritation (respiratory tract)
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 4.25 mg/kg bw/day irritation (respiratory tract)
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 6.3 mg/m³ irritation (respiratory tract)
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 6.55 mg/m³ irritation (respiratory tract)
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 2.55 mg/kg bw/day irritation (respiratory tract)
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 1 320 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Toxicity Category IV [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 10
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 7.1 mg/L air (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Toxicity Category IV [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 6
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 500 - 1 000 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Toxicity Category III [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 6
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (corrosive)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
Adverse effect observed (irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 7
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 5
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 100 - 1 000 ppm [4]
LOAEC (rat): 250 - 350 ppm [3]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 7 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: in vivo
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant