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- Substances which are subject to registration under REACH (= 1 tonne/year) and placed on the market. This includes substances on their own, substances contained in mixtures and certain substances contained in articles where REACH Article 7 provides for their registration. Notification of these substances is not necessary where a manufacturer, importer or Only Representative (OR) has already registered the substance with the classification and labelling according to CLP when its notification in line with CLP Article 40(1) is due. In particular, notification is not required of the importers covered by a registration that has already been done by an OR on their behalf. However, importers will have to notify a substance within one month of its placing on the market where the OR has not yet submitted the registration.
- Substances classified as hazardous under CLP and placed on the market irrespective of tonnage. This includes substances which are classified as hazardous under CLP, but which are exempted from registration, e.g. polymers referred to in REACH Article 6(3); and
- Substances classified as hazardous under CLP and present in a mixture above the concentration limits specified in Annex I of CLP or as specified in Directive 1999/45/EC, where relevant, which results in the classification of the mixture as hazardous, and where the mixture is placed on the market.
Yes, it is. Article 39(a) of CLP states that "substances subject to registration in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006" fall within the scope of the C&L Inventory when they are placed on the market. Therefore, this applies to substances subject to registration under REACH and placed on the market, regardless of whether they are hazardous or not. Where a substance is not classified, the "not classified" option should be selected in Bulk XML file or in IUCLID 5 dossier, or in REACH-IT C&L on-line wizard when notifying it to the Inventory.
However, if the substance is not subject to registration and does not meet the criteria for classification as hazardous there is no notification obligation. It is noted that where a substance has not yet been registered, the notifier should notify according to the provision of CLP Article 40(3) since notification is independent from the registration deadlines (see also FAQ ID=209). Note also that if a company has already submitted a registration dossier for the substance including the classification and labelling according to CLP, the same company does not have to submit a separate notification to the C&L Inventory.
Under Directive 67/548/EEC, notification was related to new substances. The notification process referred to was the submission of a dossier containing relevant information on a new substance (i.e. a substance placed on the market in the EU after 18 September 1981) to the competent authority of a Member State. The amount of information required depended on the quantity in which the substance was placed on the market. The notification requirement for new substances under Directive 67/548/EEC was replaced by the registration requirement under REACH after its entry into force.
The use of the term "notification" under REACH refers to three different obligations:
- the obligation to provide basic information to the Agency on substances in articles, under Article 7(2).
- the obligation to provide basic information to the Agency on those substances that are exempted from registration for five years because they are manufactured or imported for the purpose of product- and process-orientated research and development, under Article 9(2).
- the obligation for downstream users to inform the Agency when using a substance that is on the Authorisation List (Annex XIV to REACH) based on an authorisation granted to an applicant up their supply chain, under Article 66(1).
Finally, "notification" under CLP relates to the C&L Inventory established by the Agency. Manufacturers and importers are required to submit information on the classification and labelling of substances placed on the market to the Inventory, regardless of their quantities, in accordance with CLP Article 40. The Inventory is a database that was originally introduced by the REACH Regulation; it did not exist under the previous legislation.
Yes, it is. Notification is independent from the REACH registration deadlines. A substance, either on its own or contained in a mixture, must be notified to the C&L Inventory within one month of the first time the company is placing it on the market. Notification can be done using any of the notification tools available at: http://echa.europa.eu/support/dossier-submission-tools/reach-it/notification-to-the-cl-inventory
Yes, it would. As both subsidiaries are separate legal entities, each legal entity would have to notify the substance separately if in both cases it meets the criteria for notification in accordance with Articles 39(a) or (b) and 40(1) of CLP. Alternatively, both subsidiaries (as legal entities) may prefer to notify as a group of manufacturers (see also REACH FAQ ID=29).
No, it is not. Manufacturers and importers who flag confidentiality of the IUPAC name for a substance referred to by REACH Article 119(2)(f) and (g) do not have to pay a fee when notifying it to the Classification and Labelling Inventory.
Placing a substance or mixture on the market under CLP means supplying or making the substance or mixture available to third parties, whether in return for payment or free of charge within the territory of the EU Member States and those EEA countries which have implemented the CLP Regulation.
In addition, import is deemed to be placing on the market and is defined as the physical introduction of a substance or mixture into the customs territory of the EU and those EEA countries which have implemented the CLP Regulation.
In relation to notification, placing on the market is a pre-condition. Substances which are referred to in CLP Article 39 have to be notified to the C&L Inventory if they are placed on the market. However, no notification is required if the information mentioned under CLP Article 40 has already been provided as part of a previous registration or notification by the same notifier.
The notification deadline is dependent on the date on which the substance is placed on the market. When a substance is placed on the market it must be notified to the C&L Inventory within one month.
In relation to import, the one-month timeline is counted from the day when the substance or mixture is physically introduced into the customs territory of the EU Member States and those EEA countries which have implemented the CLP Regulation.
According to CLP Article 40 (3), substances placed on the market on or after 1 December 2010 must be notified within one month after their placing on the market. In addition, CLP Article 4 (1) stipulates that the manufacturer or importer must classify their substances in accordance with Title II of CLP before placing them on the market.
Furthermore, CLP Article 8 (2) requires that for the purposes of determining whether a substance entails any of the physical hazards referred to in Part 2 of Annex I to CLP, the manufacturer or importer must perform the tests required in that Part, to allow classification of the substance, unless adequate and reliable information is already available.
Therefore, manufacturers and importers are required to perform physical hazard testing so as to classify their substances not included in Annex VI to CLP, or included but not classified for a specific physical hazard, and to notify this classification to ECHA within one month after their placing on the market.
However, substances may be placed on the market in very small quantities only (e.g. the quantity of a substance used in R&D (Research and Development)). These quantities may not be sufficient for the testing of physical hazards. When there is no adequate and reliable information already available on the physical hazards of these substances, it may not be feasible and/or proportionate for the manufacturer or importer to perform the tests required in Part 2 of Annex I to CLP. In those cases physical hazard testing should not be required. Nevertheless, every effort should be made to assess the physical hazards using any available theoretical methods e.g. UN test methods screening tests, along with expert judgment, and the most severe of the resulting classifications should be applied. Finally, as it is explained in FAQ ID=186 for R&D substances in particular, if neither test data are available nor any other adequate information indicates that a substance should be classified, a notification to the C&L Inventory is not required.
No, they are not. When a substance is present in a mixture, and the importer does not know whether it has been added as a substance as such or whether it is a constituent (additive/impurity) of a substance in the mixture, then that component must be notified if it meets the criteria in Article 39 of CLP. However, when the importer of a mixture has information that a substance present in the mixture is a constituent (additive/impurity) of another substance in the mixture, then the fields on impurities and additives can be filled in.