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Substance Information

Substance information

Infocards are automatically generated based on industry data. What is an infocard?

Extract residues (coal), naphthalene oil, alk., naphthalene-low

A complex combination of hydrocarbons remaining after the removal of naphthalene from alkali-washed naphthalene oil by a crystallization process. It is composed primarily of naphthalene and alkyl naphthalenes.

Help Substance identity

The ‘Substance identity’ section is calculated from substance identification information from all ECHA databases. The substance identifiers displayed in the InfoCard are the best available substance name, EC number, CAS number and/or the molecular and structural formulas.

Some substance identifiers may have been claimed confidential, or may not have been provided, and therefore not be displayed.

EC (European Community) Number

The EC Number is the numerical identifier for substances in the EC Inventory. The EC Inventory is a combination of three independent European lists of substances from the previous EU chemicals regulatory frameworks (EINECS, ELINCS and the NLP-list). More information about the EC Inventory can be found here.

If the substance was not covered by the EC Inventory, ECHA attributes a list number in the same format, starting with the numbers 6, 7, 8 or 9.

The EC or list number is the primary substance identifier used by ECHA.

CAS (Chemical Abstract Service) registry number

The CAS number is the substance numerical identifier assigned by the Chemical Abstracts Service, a division of the American Chemical Society, to substances registered in the CAS registry database. A substance identified primarily by an EC or list number may be linked with more than one CAS number, or with CAS numbers that have been deleted. More information about CAS and the CAS registry can be found here.

Molecular formula

The molecular formula identifies each type of element by its chemical symbol and identifies the number of atoms of each element found in one discrete molecule of the substance. This information is only displayed if the substance is well–defined, its identity is not claimed confidential and there is sufficient information available in ECHA’s databases for ECHA’s algorithms to generate a molecular structure.

Molecular structure

The molecular structure is based on structures generated from information available in ECHA’s databases. If generated, an InChI string will also be generated and made available for searching. This information is only displayed if the substance is well-defined, its identity is not claimed confidential and there is sufficient information available in ECHA’s databases for ECHA’s algorithms to generate a molecular structure.

More help available here.

EC / List no.: 310-167-4

CAS no.: 121620-48-2

Mol. formula:

formula
Help Hazard classification and labelling

The ‘Hazard classification and labelling’ section shows the hazards of a substance based on the standardised system of statements and pictograms established under the CLP (Classification Labelling and Packaging) Regulation. The CLP Regulation makes sure that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the European Union. The CLP Regulation uses the UN Global Harmonised System (GHS) and European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH).

This section is based on three sources for information (harmonised classification and labelling (CLH), REACH registrations and CLP notifications). The source of the information is mentioned in the introductory sentence of the hazard statements. When information is available in all sources, the first two are displayed as a priority.

Please note:

The purpose of the information provided under this section is to highlight the substance hazardousness in a readable format. It does not represent a new labelling, classification or hazard statement, neither reflect other factors that affect the susceptibility of the effects described, such as duration of exposure or substance concentration (e.g. in case of consumer and professional uses). Other relevant information includes the following:

  • Substances may have impurities and additives that lead to different classifications. If at least one company has indicated that the substance classification is affected by impurities or additives, this will be indicated by an informative sentence. However, substance notifications in the InfoCard are aggregated independently of the impurities and additives.
  • Hazard statements were adapted to improve readability and may not correspond textually to the hazard statements codes description in the European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH) or the UN Global Harmonised System (GHS).

To see the full list of notified classifications and to get more information on impurities and additives relevant to classification please consult the C&L Inventory.

More information about Classification and Labelling is available in the Regulations section of ECHA website.

More help available here.

Harmonised classification and labelling (CLH)

Harmonised classification and labelling is a legally binding classification and labelling for a substance, agreed at European Community level. Harmonisation is based on the substance’s physical, toxicological and eco-toxicological hazard assessment.

The ‘Hazard classification’ and labelling section uses the signal word, pictogram(s) and hazard statements of the substance under the harmonised classification and labelling (CLH) as its primary source of information.

If the substance is covered by more than one CLH entry (e.g. disodium tetraborate EC no. 215–540–4, is covered by three harmonisations: 005–011–00–4; 005–011–01–1 and 005–011–02–9), CLH information cannot be displayed in the InfoCard as the difference between the CLH classifications requires manual interpretation or verification. If a substance is classified under multiple CLH entries, a link to the C&L Inventory is provided to allow users to view CLH information associated with the substance and no text is automatically generated for the InfoCard.

It is possible that a harmonisation is introduced through an amendment to the CLP Regulation. In that case, the ATP (Adaptation to Technical Progress) number is displayed.

More info on CLH can be found here.

Classification and labelling under REACH

If available, additional information on classification and labelling (C&L) is derived from REACH registration dossiers submitted by industry. This information has not been reviewed or verified by ECHA, and may change without prior notice. REACH registration dossiers have greater data requirements (such as supporting studies) than do notifications under CLP.

Notifications under the Classification Labelling and Packaging (CLP) Regulation

If no EU harmonised classification and labelling exists and the substance was not registered under REACH, information derived from classification and labelling (C&L) notifications to ECHA under CLP Regulation is displayed under this section. These notifications can be provided by manufacturers, importers and downstream users. ECHA maintains the C&L Inventory, but does not review or verify the accuracy of the information.

Note that for readability purposes, only the pictograms, signal words and hazard statements referred in more than 5% of the notifications under CLP are displayed.

GHS08: Serious Health Hazard

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP01) approved by the European Union, this substance may cause genetic defects and may cause cancer.

Help Properties of concern

The ‘Properties of concern’ section shows ECHA-assigned graphical indicators for certain substance properties that are regarded as being of relevance or importance to human health and/or the environment based on the information provided to the Agency.

Properties of concern are calculated at four "levels" of certainty:

  • "Recognised" - meaning that the concern is indicated in an official source; either a Harmonised C&L (CLP Regulation Annex VI) or in the Candidate list of substances of very high concern for authorisation (REACH). Recognised concerns are illustrated with a dark red icon.
  • "Potential" - again comes from official sources only. For (C), (M), and (R) it means that the concern is suspected in a Harmonised C&L (CLP Regulation Annex VI), as Carc. 2, Muta. 2, or Repr. 2. For (PBT) and (ED) Potential means that the concern is under assessment in the PBT or ED assessment list, and the outcome is not "Not PBT" or "Not ED". There are no potential (Ss) or (Sr)s. Potential concerns are illustrated with a light red icon.
  • "Broad agreement" - comes from data submitted by industry to ECHA, and indicates that the data submitted is aligned, with >= 50% of the data submitters providing the same concern. Broad agreement concerns are illustratated with a solid outlined circle icon.
  • "Minority position" - comes from data submitted by industry to ECHA, and indicates that the data submitted is not aligned. > 5% and < 50% of the data submitters have provided the concerns indicated at this "level". Minority position concerns are illustrated with a greyed out circle icon.

The following properties of concern are calculated:

  • Carcinogenic (C) – Recognised carcinogen: comes from a harmonised C&L classifying the substance as Carc. 1A or 1B and/or an entry in the Candidate list. Potential carcinogen: comes from a harmonised C&L classifying the substance as a suspected carcinogen Carc.2. Broad agreement: comes from industry data where a majority of data submitters agree the substance is carcinogenic. Minority position: comes from industry data where a minority of data submitters indicate the substance is carcinogenic. More information about carcinogenicity here.
  • Mutagenic (M) – Recognised mutagen: comes from a harmonised C&L classifying the substance as Muta. 1A or 1B and/or an entry in the Candidate list. Potential mutagen: comes from a harmonised C&L classifying the substance as a suspected mutagen Muta. 2. Broad agreement: comes from industry data where a majority of data submitters agree the substance is mutagenic. Minority position: comes from industry data where a minority of data submitters indicate the substance is mutagenic. More information about mutagenicity here.
  • Toxic to Reproduction (R) – Recognised as toxic to reproduction: comes from a harmonised C&L classifying the substance as Carc. 1A or 1B and/or an entry in the Candidate list. Potentially toxic to reproduction: comes from a harmonised C&L classifying the substance as suspected toxic to reproduction Repr. 2. Broad agreement: comes from industry data where a majority of data submitters agree the substance is toxic to reproduction. Minority position: comes from industry data where a minority of data submitters indicate the substance is toxic to reproduction. More information about reproductive toxicity here.
  • Skin sensitising (Ss) – Recognised skin sensitiser: comes from a harmonised C&L classifying the substance as Skin Sens. 1, 1A, or 1B. Broad agreement: comes from industry data where a majority of data submitters agree the substance is a skin sensitiser. Minority position: comes from industry data where a minority of data submitters indicate the substance is skin sensitising. More information about skin sensitiser here.
  • Respiratory sensitising (Sr) – Recognised respiratory sensitiser: comes from a harmonised C&L classifying the substance as Resp. Sens. 1, 1A, or 1B and/or an entry in the Candidate list. Broad agreement: comes from industry data where a majority of data submitters agree the substance is a respiratory sensitiser. Minority position: comes from industry data where a minority of data submitters indicate the substance is a respiratory sensitiser. More information about respiratory sensitiser here.
  • PBT – Recognised Persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT): comes from an entry in the Candidate list. Potential PBT: is shown for substances under assessment, and comes from an entry in the PBT assessment list, if the outcome is not final and “Not PBT”. Broad agreement: comes from industry data where a majority of data submitters agree the substance is PBT. Minority position: comes from industry data where a minority of data submitters indicate the substance is PBT. More information about persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic substances here.
  • ED – Recognised Endocrine Disruptor (ED): comes from an entry in the Candidate list. Potential ED: is shown for substances under assessment, and comes from an entry in the ED assessment list, if the outcome is not final and “Not ED”. At this time there is no explicit possibility for industry to indicate their opinion on ED status for substances. If and when this possibility exists it is proposed that industry data also be included in the ED property of concern calculation. More information about endocrine disrupting substances here.

The substance properties displayed in this section are derived from Harmonised classification and labelling (CLH) data, entries in the Candidate list of substances of very high concern for authorisation, the PBT assessment list, the ED assessment list, REACH registered dossier data and from notifications made under CLP. A prioritisation hierarchy means that data is taken from harmonised C&L data and regulatory lists first, then REACH registrations and finally from CLP notifications.

Impurities or additives: When a specific critical property is calculated from industry data and where the majority of data submitters have indicated that the property relates to cases containing impurities and/or additives, then the respective critical property icon is modified with an asterisk (*).

  • C

Carcinogenic

  • M

Mutagenic

about INFOCARD - Last updated: 03/07/2019 InfoCard

The InfoCard summarises the non-confidential data of a substance held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). InfoCards are generated automatically based on the data available at the time of generation.

The quality and correctness of the information submitted to ECHA remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The type of uses and classifications may vary between different submissions to ECHA and for a full understanding it is recommended to consult the source data. Information on applicable regulatory frameworks is also automatically generated and may not be complete or up to date. It is the responsibility of the substance manufacturers and importers to consult official publications, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.

InfoCards are updated when new information is available. The date of the last update corresponds to the publication date of the InfoCard and not necessarily to the date in which the update occurred in the source data.

More help available here.

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Key datasets

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Regulatory context

Here you can find all of the regulations and regulatory lists in which this substance appears, according to the data available to ECHA. This substance has been found in the following regulatory activities (directly, or inheriting the regulatory context of a parent substance):

REACH - Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals Regulation
CLP - Classification, Labelling and Packaging
  • A list of substances for which classification and labelling data have been notified to ECHA by manufacturers or importers.
Previous Legislations
  • Substances listed in the EINECS, ELINCS, or NLP inventories.
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Substance names and other identifiers

Regulatory process names
[A complex combination of hydrocarbons remaining after the removal of naphthalene from alkali-washed naphthalene oil by a crystallization process. It is composed primarily of naphthalene and alkyl naphthalenes.]
A complex combination of hydrocarbons remaining after the removal of naphthalene from alkali-washed naphthalene oil by a crystallization process. It is composed primarily of naphthalene and alkyl naphthalenes.
C&L Inventory
Extract residues (coal), naphthalene oil, alk., naphthalene-low
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Pre-Registration process
Naphthalene Oil Extract Residue
A complex combination of hydrocarbons remaining after the removal of naphthalene from alkali-washed naphthalene oil by a crystallization process. It is composed primarily of naphthalene and alkyl naphthalenes.
C&L Inventory
Translated names
(Keerulise koostisega süsivesinike segu, mis jääb järele leelisega pestud naftaleenõlist naftaleeni eemaldamisel kristallatsiooni teel. Koosneb peamiselt naftaleenist ja alküülnaftaleenidest.) (et)
C&L Inventory
(Složeni sastav ugljikovodika preostao nakon uklanjanja naftalena iz alkalno ispranog naftalenskog ulja postupkom kristalizacije. Sastavljen je primarno od naftalena i alkilnaftalena.) (hr)
C&L Inventory
[Kompleks blanding av hydrokarboner dannet som rester etter fjerning av naftalen fra alkalivasket naftalenolje ved krystallisering. Består hovedsakelig av naftalen og alkylnaftalener.] (no)
C&L Inventory
[Kompleksna kombinacija ogljikovodikov, ki ostanejo po odstranitvi naftalena iz alkalno izpranega naftalenskega olja pri procesu kristalizacije. Sestoji pretežno iz naftalena in alkilnaftalena.] (sl)
C&L Inventory
[komplexe Kombination von Kohlenwasserstoffen nach Entfernen von Naphthalin aus alkalisch gewaschenem Naphthalinöl durch ein Kristallisationsverfahren; besteht vorwiegend aus Naphthalin und Alkylnaphthalinen] (de)
C&L Inventory
[Komplexná zmes uhľovodíkov zostávajúca po odstránení naftalénu z alkalicky prepraného naftalénového oleja kryštalizáciou. Pozostáva predovšetkým z naftalénu a alkylnaftalénov.] (sk)
C&L Inventory
[O combinaţie complexă de hidrocarburi care rămâne după îndepărtarea printr-un proces de cristalizare a naftalinei din ţiţeiul naftenic spălat alcalin. Este compusă cu precădere din naftalină şi alchil-naftaline.] (ro)
C&L Inventory
[Ogļūdeņražu savienojumu komplekss, kurš iegūts kā naftalīna kristalizācijas procesa atlikums no naftalīna eļļas, kas mazgāta ar sārmu. Sastāv galvenokārt no naftalīna un alkilnaftalīniem.] (lv)
C&L Inventory
[Složitá směs uhlovodíků zbývajících po odstranění naftalenu krystalizačním procesem z alkalicky praného naftalenového oleje. Je složena převážněz naftalenu a alkylnaftalenů.] (cs)
C&L Inventory
[Sudėtinis angliavandenilių mišinys, kuris lieka kristalizavimo būdu pašalinus naftaleną iš šarmais plautos naftaleno alyvos. Jį sudaro daugiausia naftalenas ir alkilnaftalenai.] (lt)
C&L Inventory
[Szénhidrogének komplex elegye, mely az alkáli-mosott naftalinolajból a naftalinnak kristályosítással történő eltávolítása után marad vissza. Elsősorban naftalinból és alkil-naftalinokból áll.] (hu)
C&L Inventory
[Złożona mieszanina węglowodorów pozostająca po usunięciu naftalenu w procesie krystalizacji z przemytego alkaliami oleju naftalenowego. Jest złożona głównie z naftalenu i alkilonaftalenów]. (pl)
C&L Inventory
[Πολύπλοκος συνδυασμός υδρογονανθράκων, που παραμένει μετά την απομάκρυνση του ναφθαλινίου με κρυστάλλωση από έλαιο ναφθαλινίου που έχει υποστεί αλκαλική έκπλυση . Aποτελείται κυρίως από ναφθαλίνιο και αλκυλοναφθαλίνια.] (el)
C&L Inventory
[Комплексна комбинация от въглеводороди, останала след отделянето на нафтален от алкално промита нафталенова фракция чрез процеси на кристализация. Състои се основно от нафтален и алкилнафталени.] (bg)
C&L Inventory
combinación compleja de hidrocarburos que queda después de separar el naftaleno del aceite de naftaleno lavado con álcalis mediante un proceso de cristalización; compuesta principalmente de naftaleno y alquilnaftalenos (es)
C&L Inventory
Combinaison complexe d'hydrocarbures résultant de l'extraction du naphtalène, par un procédé de cristallisation, d'huile de naphtalène ayant subi un lavage alcalin. Se compose principalement de naphtalène et d'alkylnaphtalènes. (fr)
C&L Inventory
Combinazione complessa di idrocarburi rimanenti dopo l'eliminazione del naftalene da un olio di naftalene lavato con alcali per mezzo di un processo di cristallizzazione. È composta prevalentemente da naftalene e alchil naftaleni. (it)
C&L Inventory
Combinação complexa de hidrocarbonetos que fica depois da remoção do naftaleno, por um processo de cristalização, de óleo de naftaleno sujeito a lavagem alcalina. É constituída principalmente por naftaleno e alquilnaftalenos. (pt)
C&L Inventory
Een complexe verzameling koolwaterstoffen die resteert na de verwijdering van naftaleen, door middel van een kristallisatieproces, uit met alkali gewassen naftaleenolie. Bestaat voornamelijk uit naftaleen en alkylnaftalenen. (nl)
C&L Inventory
Ekstrahavimo likučiai (akmens anglys), šarminė naftaleno alyva, turi mažai naftaleno (lt)
C&L Inventory
ekstraksjonsrester (stenkull), naftalenolje, alkalisk, lavt naftaleninnhold (no)
C&L Inventory
Ekstrakta atlikums (akmeņogles), naftalīna eļļa, sārmi, naftalīna saturs neliels (lv)
C&L Inventory
ekstraktionsrester (stenkul), naphthalenolie, alkaliske, med lavt indhold af naphthalen (da)
C&L Inventory
ekstraktni ostanki (premog), naftalensko olje, alkalno, nizka vsebnost naftalena (sl)
C&L Inventory
Ekstraktsioonijäägid (kivisüsi), naftaleenõli, leeliseline, madala naftaleenisisaldusega (et)
C&L Inventory
En sammensat blanding af carbonhydrider, der er blevet tilbage efter fjernelsen af naphthalen fra alkalivasket naphthalenolie ved en krystalliseringsproces. Den er sammensat primært af naphthalen og alkylnaphthalener. (da)
C&L Inventory
Extractieresiduen (kool), naftaleenolie, alkalisch, naftaleenarm (nl)
C&L Inventory
Extraktionsåterstoder (kol), naftalenolja, alkaliska, med lågt innehåll av naftalen (sv)
C&L Inventory
Extraktrückstände (Kohle), Naphthalinöl, alkalisch, naphthalinarm (de)
C&L Inventory
Extrakummaradékok (kőszén), naftalinolaj, alk., naftalinban szegény (hu)
C&L Inventory
extrakčné zvyšky (uhoľné), získavané z naftalénového oleja alkalickým prepieraním, s nízkym obsahom naftalénu (sk)
C&L Inventory
extrakčné zvyšky z naftalénového oleja (sk)
C&L Inventory
Extrakční zbytky (černouhelné), naftalenový olej po alkalické extrakci, s nízkým obsahem naftalenu (cs)
C&L Inventory
Komplex blandning av kolväten erhållen som återstoder efter avlägsnande av naftalen från alkalitvättad naftalenolja genom kristallisation. Består främst av naftalen och alkylnaftalener. (sv)
C&L Inventory
Monimutkainen yhdistelmä hiilivetyjä, jotka jäävät jäljelle, kun naftaleeni on kiteyttämällä poistettu emäspestystä naftaleeniöljystä. Pääasiallinen koostumus: naftaleeni ja alkyylinaftaleenit. (fi)
C&L Inventory
Naftaleeniöljyuutejäännös (fi)
C&L Inventory
Naftaleenolie, extractieresidu (nl)
C&L Inventory
Naftaleenõli ekstraktsiooni jääk (et)
C&L Inventory
Naftaleno alyvos ekstrahavimo likutis (lt)
C&L Inventory
Naftalenolja, extraktionsåterstod (sv)
C&L Inventory
naftalenolje ekstraksjonsrest (no)
C&L Inventory
Naftalinolaj extraktum maradék (hu)
C&L Inventory
Naftalīna eļļas ekstrakta atlikums (lv)
C&L Inventory
Naphthalinöl-Extraktrückstand (de)
C&L Inventory
O combinaţie complexă de hidrocarburi care rămâne după îndepărtarea printr-un proces de cristalizare a naftalinei din ţiţeiul naftenic spălat alcalin. Este compusă cu precădere din naftalină şi alchil-naftaline. (mt)
C&L Inventory
Ostaci ekstrakcije (ugljen), naftalensko ulje, alk., nisko-naftalensko (hr)
C&L Inventory
ostanek ekstrakta naftalenskega olja (sl)
C&L Inventory
Ostatak ekstrakta naftalenskog ulja (hr)
C&L Inventory
Pozostałości po ekstrakcji (węgiel), alkaliczny olej naftalenowy, olej niskonaftalenowy (pl)
C&L Inventory
Pozostałość po ekstrakcji oleju naftalenowego (pl)
C&L Inventory
residui estratti (carbone), olio di naftalene, alcalini, a basso contenuto di naftalene (it)
C&L Inventory
residuo del extracto de aceite de naftaleno (es)
C&L Inventory
residuo di estrazione di olio naftalinoso (it)
C&L Inventory
residuos del extracto (hulla), producto alcalino de aceite de naftaleno, bajo contenido de naftaleno (es)
C&L Inventory
Resíduo de extracção de óleo de naftaleno (pt)
C&L Inventory
Resíduos de extracção (carvão), óleo de naftaleno, extracto alcalino, baixo teor de naftaleno (pt)
C&L Inventory
Reziduu din extractul ţiţeiului naftenic (mt)
C&L Inventory
Reziduuri de extracţie (cărbune), ţiţei naftenic, alcalin, cu conţinut scăzut de naftalină (mt)
C&L Inventory
résidu d'extraction d'huile naphthalénique (fr)
C&L Inventory
Résidus d'extraction alcalins (charbon), huile de naphtalène, pauvres en naphtalènes (fr)
C&L Inventory
Syrefri naftalinolie (da)
C&L Inventory
Uutejäännökset (kivihiili), naftaleeniöljy, alkalinen, naftaleenipitoisuus pieni (fi)
C&L Inventory
Zbytky z extrakce naftalenového oleje (cs)
C&L Inventory
Υπόλειμμα εκχύλισης ελαίου ναφθαλινίου (el)
C&L Inventory
Υυπολείμματα εκχύλισης (άνθρακα), ελαίου ναφθαλινίου, αλκαλικό εκχύλισμα, χαμηλής περιεκτικότητας σε ναφθαλίνιο (el)
C&L Inventory
Остатъчен продукт от екстракция на нафталенова фракция (bg)
C&L Inventory
Остатъчни продукти от екстракция (каменни въглища), нафталенови фракции, алкални, с ниско съдържание на нафталени (bg)
C&L Inventory
CAS names
Extract residues (coal), naphthalene oil alk., naphthalene-low
Other
Other identifiers
121620-48-2
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Pre-Registration process, Other
CAS number
648-089-00-0
C&L Inventory
Index Number

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