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EC number: 215-235-6
CAS number: 1314-41-6
Description of first aid measures
EYE CONTACT: Ensure that contact lenses are removed before rinsing eyes. Separate eyelids, wash the eyes thoroughly with water (15 min). Seek medical attention if irritation persists
INHALATION: Move person to fresh air. Seek medical attention.
SKIN CONTACT: Remove any contaminated clothing. Wash skin immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention if irritation persists.
INGESTION: Rinse mouth with water. Call for a doctor immediately.
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
Typical clinical manifestations of lead poisoning include weakness, irritability, asthenia, nausea, abdominal pain with constipation, and anaemia.
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatments needed
Symptoms of poisoning may occur after several hours; therefore medical observation for at least 48 hours after the accident is recommended. In case of ingestion, induced vomiting or application of laxatives may be appropriate; treat as for lead poisoning.
There needs to be regular blood monitoring to confirm exposure controls are adequate.
The product itself does not burn. Use extinguishing measures that are appropriate to local circumstances and the surrounding environment. CO2, powder or water spray. Fight larger fire with alcohol resistant foam. For safety reasons unsuitable extinguishing agents: Water with full jet.
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
May give off toxic fumes in a fire, including lead fumes.
Advice for fire fighters
Use respiratory protective equipment.
Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Avoid formation of dust. Wear suitable respiratory protective equipment. See Section 8 for further details.
Do not allow to enter sewers / surface or ground water. In case of spillage to water course or public sewers inform responsible authorities.
Methods and materials for containment and clearing up
Arrange for recovery or disposal in suitable containers. Dispose contaminated material as hazardous waste. Ensure adequate ventilation.
Precautions for safe handling
Dust should be kept to a minimum, and regular cleaning and maintenance in place to prevent dust build up. Ensure good ventilation/extraction at the workplace. Open and handle receptacle with care.
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Keep container tightly closed. Store in a cool, dry place, and away from food and feeding stuff.
OELs - Lead and inorganic compounds (as Pb):
EU 0.15 mg/m³ (under review)
Austria 0.1 mg/m³
Belgium 0.15 mg/m³
Denmark 0.05 mg/m³
Finland 0.1 mg/m³
France 0.1 mg/m³
Germany (AGS) 0.1 mg/m³
Ireland 0.15 mg/m³
Italy 0.15 mg/m³
Latvia 0.005 mg/m³
Poland 0.05 mg/m³
Spain 0.15 mg/m³
Sweden 0.1 mg/m³
Switzerland 0.1 mg/m³
UK 0.15 mg/m³
Biological action levels, inorganic lead:
EU 70 µg/dL (Binding Limit Value) (under review)
Germany 40 µg/dL
10 µg/dL (for woman, age below 45 years) [Suspended]
France 40 µg/dL
30 µg/dL µg/dL (for woman of reproductive capacity)
Ireland 70 µg/dL
Spain 70 µg/dL
UK 60 µg/dL
30 µg/dL (for woman of reproductive capacity)
DNELs for workers:
Exposure pattern: Long-term - systemic effects
Route: Systemic (μg lead /dL blood)
DNEL: 40 μg/dL - Adult neurological function;
10 μg/dL - Developmental effect on foetus of pregnant women
Ecological toxicity values
The following Predicted No Effect Concentrations (PNECs) were used to determine the environmental risk:
Exposure pattern Route Descriptor PNEC
Long-term – chronic effects Freshwater PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 2.4 μg Pb/L (dissolved)
Long-term – chronic effects Marine PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 3.3 μg Pb/L (dissolved)
Long-term – chronic effects Freshwater Sediment PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 186 mg Pb/kg dw1 / 49.7 mg Pb/kg dw2
Long-term – chronic effects Marine Sediment PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 168 mg Pb/kg dw
Long-term – chronic effects Soil PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 212 mg Pb/kg dw
Long-term – chronic effects Sewage Treatment Plant PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 0.1 mg Pb/L
1: without bioavailability correction; 2: with bioavailability correction
Personal Hygiene: Ensure workers follow simple hygiene rules (e.g. do not bite nails and keep them cut short, avoid touching or scratching face with dirty hands or gloves); Ensure workers do not wipe away sweat with hands or arms; Ensure workers use disposable tissues rather than a handkerchief; Prohibit drinking, eating and smoking in production areas, or access to eating and non-production areas in working clothes; Ensure workers wash hands, arms, faces and mouths (but preferably shower) and change into clean clothing before entering eating areas; For high exposure workplaces, separate rooms for cleaning hands, removal of clothes, showers and clean clothes may be necessary; Ensure workers handle dirty working clothes with care; Allow no personal belongings to be taken into production areas, or items that have been used in production areas to be taken home. Ensure general shop cleanliness is maintained by frequent washing/vacuuming. Clean every workplace at the end of every shift.
Blood lead monitoring: Set in place a certified monitoring regime which covers all site activities; Define a policy for submitting workers to regular blood lead monitoring, including increased frequency for workers undertaking high-risk jobs and workers with elevated blood lead levels; Ensure all workers have a blood test prior to working on site. Set an “action level” that is typically 5 µg/dL below the exposure limit deemed to be safe. If the action level is exceeded, appropriate measures are to be taken, to prevent further increases in blood lead. If the safe threshold is exceeded, continue or begin ban on overtime, ensure strict hygiene procedures are followed, undertake detailed inspections to ensure correct use of personal protective equipment, undertake detailed inspections to ensure recommended workplace procedures are followed, move employee to workplace where exposure is expected to be lower or remove from lead environment altogether, further increase blood lead sampling frequency, and continue frequent sampling until results are below the first action level.
Personal Protection Equipment
Respiratory protection: Suitable respiratory protective device recommended recommended if work activity is likely to result in formation of lead fumes, vapours or dust. In case of brief or low level exposure use dust mask or half mask with particle filter P2. Assess the need to wear respiratory protective equipment in production areas. Consider use effective masks accompanied by a compliance policy (ensure proper shaving; ensure workers do not remove RPE in production areas in order to communicate). Where masks are used, employ formal mask cleaning and filter changing strategies.
Hand Protection: Protective gloves. Material of gloves: Neoprene or Leather.
Eye protection: Safety glasses.
Skin protection: Wear protective work clothing. For workers in areas of significant exposure, provide sufficient working clothes to enable daily change into clean clothes. In such cases all work clothing should be cleaned by the employer on a daily basis and is not permitted to leave the work site.
One or more of the following measures may if necessary be taken to reduce emissions to water:
• Chemical precipitation: used primarily to remove the metal ions
• Filtration: used as final clarification step
• Electrolysis: for low metal concentration
• Reverse osmosis: extensively used for the removal of dissolved metals
• Ion exchange: final cleaning step in the removal of heavy metal from process wastewater
One or more of the following measures may if necessary be taken to reduce emissions to air:
• Electrostatic precipitators using wide electrode spacing: Wet electrostatic precipitators:
• Cyclones, but as primary collector Fabric or bag filters: high efficiency in controlling fine particulate (melting): achieve emission values Membrane filtration techniques can achieve
• Ceramic and metal mesh filters. PM10 particles are removed
• Wet scrubbers
Lead compound removal from treatment works should be at least the minimum default 84% removal used in the CSR. Solid material collected from on-site treatment must be sent for metal recovery or treated as hazardous waste. Waste water treatment sludge must be recycled, incinerated or landfilled and not used as agricultural fertiliser.
Orange lead is not a reactive substance and no reactive hazards are expected.
Expected to be stable under normal conditions of use.
Possibility of hazardous reactions
No hazardous reactions expected under normal conditions of use.
Conditions to avoid
Avoid excessive exposure to heat.
Strong oxidizing agents.
Hazardous decomposition products
No decomposition if used as directed.
Dispose of in accordance with local regulations.
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice.Reproduction or further distribution of this information may be subject to copyright protection. Use of the information without obtaining the permission from the owner(s) of the respective information might violate the rights of the owner.
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