Research to enhance protection of our health and environment

Photo of reports by ECHA

To achieve objectives on chemical safety and to better protect people and the environment, the EU needs dedicated research and develop scientific methods to shift away from animal testing.

There is much innovative and interesting scientific research ongoing, but regulators often need something supplementary or tailor-made. We need dedicated research in the areas that will help protect our health and environment with the regulations in place today. We also need dedicated research to develop the chemicals regulations of tomorrow.

Inform and inspire

To inform and inspire the research community we have identified scientific research needs and outlined them in our report “Key Areas of Regulatory Challenge”. This report not only lists topics for further research, but also highlights why these topics are of regulatory importance and how the new scientific knowledge is expected to be used in EU’s chemicals management. With this report we aim to improve the dialogue and support between researchers and regulators.

Our report is an evolving list covering different research and development needs and not exhaustive. It reflects ECHA’s current priorities and is expected to fit also the future tasks within the ECHA mandate.

With this report we support the work under the EU-wide research and innovation programme ‘Partnership for the Assessment of Risks from Chemicals’ (PARC), which is co-funded by the European Commission and the EU countries. PARC funds scientific research and innovation and seeks to develop next-generation chemical risk assessment.

Bridging the gap

Bridging the gap between the scientific community and regulators is essential. However, it is challenging to connect these two groups, due to complex regulations, different terminologies and limitations in using research outcomes. We invite scientists to seek support for their research, foster collaboration and create shared understanding.

Contact us.

Areas needing more scientific research


Protection of our health

Chemicals that can damage the immune or neurological system are spotlighted in the EU’s Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability (CSS). The strategy also emphasises the importance of regulating chemicals that disrupt the endocrine system, both in humans and in environmental organisms. These effects are very challenging to detect with the current methods that may have limitations or do not exist yet at all due to our limited understanding on how certain mechanisms of toxicity work in practice.

Test methods and understanding of the toxicological modes of action need to be developed further. We also need further insights how the outcomes of these methods can be used in risk management: how to identify hazards, facilitate safe use and take regulatory action where needed.

The Key Areas of Regulatory Challenge (KARC) provides suggestions on areas for further research or development. It also highlights concrete research topics that are crucial to the challenges ECHA is facing. This concerns challenges we have today, but also those challenges we need achieve to meet the regulatory ambition expressed in the CSS.

Further research would be needed for example in the following areas:

  • Developing a better understanding on how the immune system develops in time from the foetus into adulthood and how chemicals interfere with the development during critical windows of exposure;
  • Developing of New Approach Methodologies (NAMs) to assess possible neurotoxic effects for adults;
  • NAMs based on invertebrates to identify endocrine disrupting effects.

More information and research topics can be found in the chapter "Provide protection against most harmful chemicals"


Protection of our environment

The CSS identifies chemical pollution as one of the key drivers degrading ecosystems and reducing biodiversity.

The risks of chemicals to the environment are currently determined with information received from only a few representative organisms and a few ways of exposure. This approach is insufficiently protective since there may be other more sensitive organisms in the environment and the ways of exposure can be more complex. Additionally, environmental exposure is rarely to a single chemical but rather to a chemical cocktail.

Targeted NAMs can efficiently address the numerous interactions between chemicals and ecosystems and therefore, their development is needed to detect the impacts.

Further research would be beneficial for example in the following areas:

  • Developing non-vertebrate methods to assess the accumulation of chemicals in organisms and improving this assessment of air-breathing organisms;
  • Generating information on possible sensitivity of non-bee pollinators to biocidal active substances;
  • Monitoring of specific substances such as linear and cyclic siloxanes.

More information and research topics can be found in the chapter “Addressing Chemical pollution in the natural environment


Animal testing free regulation

It is in the core of ECHA’s mandate to minimise, and where possible, shift away from animal testing. However, this cannot decrease the level of protection of our health and environment.

To make this shift, NAM-based (e.g., in vitro or in silico) methods need to be developed to replace, refine or reduce the need for in vivo test methods currently in place to identify hazards.

Further research would be needed for example in the following areas:

  • Improving the detection of carcinogens including those acting through a non- genotoxic mode of action;
  • Validating a systematic in vitro/ in silico test battery to steer generation of chronic toxicity data for vertebrate species.

More information and research topics can be found in the chapter “Shifting away from animal testing


New information on chemicals

The EU has generated information for chemical management and risk assessment to support adequate protection for human health and the environment. However, comprehensive information on several (emerging) substances is still lacking, particularly on polymers and nanomaterials. Polymers are the fundamental building blocks of plastics. The variable nature of polymers complicates the assessment of bioavailability and hazard for regulatory purposes. Nanomaterials have their own complexity due to their (nano-sized) intrinsic properties. This complexity needs to be reduced, for example by increasing our understanding on how nanomaterial properties link to functional behaviour.

New analytical methods for enforcement need to be developed to properly assess the presence of restricted substances and substances falling under authorisation.

More information and research topics can be found in the chapter “Improved availability on chemical data

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