The main actors in the restriction process are:
1. Submitter (Member State or ECHA)
The submitter of a restriction dossier can be either a Member State or ECHA, if asked by the Commission. ECHA can also propose a restriction on articles containing substances that are in the Authorisation list (Annex XIV).
2. Interested parties
Interested parties are citizens, organisations, companies as well as authorities other than the submitter. They can be from the EU or elsewhere. They may provide comments and information during public consultation.
3.2.1 Risk Assessment Committee (RAC)
RAC formulates an opinion as to whether the suggested restrictions are appropriate in reducing the risk to human health and/or the environment based on its consideration of the relevant parts of the restriction dossier and the comments submitted by interested parties.
3.2.2 Socio-Economic Analysis Committee (SEAC)
SEAC formulates an opinion on the suggested restriction and its socio-economic impact, based on its consideration of the relevant parts of the restriction dossier and the socio-economic impacts. When formulating its opinion, SEAC also takes into account the comments and socio-economic analyses submitted by interested parties.
3.2.3 The Forum for the Exchange of Information on Enforcement (the Forum)
4. European Commission
The opinions of RAC and SEAC are sent to the European Commission. The Commission prepares a draft amendment to the list of restrictions, which are contained in Annex XVII of the REACH Regulation.
If the Council or the European Parliament do not oppose the amendment (using a process called "Regulatory committee with scrutiny"), the Commission adopts the decision and adds the restriction to Annex XVII.
Once the substance restriction has been adopted industry needs to comply with it. By industry we mean anyone addressed in the restriction, such as manufacturers, importers, distributors, downstream users or retailers.
6. Member States
Member State Competent Authorities are responsible for enforcing the restrictions.