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Environmental fate & pathways

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

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Reference
Endpoint:
bioaccumulation in aquatic species, other
Remarks:
aquatic organisms
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
data from handbook or collection of data
Justification for type of information:
Data is from HSDB and PubChem authoritative database
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: as mentioned below
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Environmental bioconcentration factor of the test chemical was estimated using a logKow and a regression-derived equation.
GLP compliance:
not specified
Radiolabelling:
not specified
Vehicle:
not specified
Test organisms (species):
other: aquatic organisms
Route of exposure:
aqueous
Test type:
not specified
Water / sediment media type:
natural water: freshwater
Reference substance (positive control):
not specified
Details on estimation of bioconcentration:
BASIS FOR CALCULATION OF BCF
- Result based on calculated logKow of: 1.26
Key result
Type:
BCF
Value:
3.6 dimensionless
Basis:
whole body w.w.
Calculation basis:
other: BCF value of test chemical was estimated using a logKow and a regression-derived equation.
Remarks on result:
other: Other details not known

According to a classification scheme, the BCF value of test chemical suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low.

Validity criteria fulfilled:
not specified
Conclusions:
The estimated BCF (bioaccumulation factor) of test chemical was determined to be 3.6 dimensionless.
Executive summary:

The bioaccumulation study was conducted for estimating the BCF (bioaccumulation factor) value of test chemical. The bioaccumulation factor (BCF) value was calculated using a logKow of 1.26 and a regression-derived equation. The estimated BCF (bioaccumulation factor) value of test chemical was determined to be 3.6 dimensionless, which does not exceed the bioconcentration threshold of 2000, indicating that the test chemical is considered to be non-accumulative in aquatic organisms.

Description of key information

The bioaccumulation study was conducted for estimating the BCF (bioaccumulation factor) value of test chemical (HSDB and PubChem, 2017). The bioaccumulation factor (BCF) value was calculated using a logKow of 1.26 and a regression-derived equation. The estimated BCF (bioaccumulation factor) value of test chemical was determined to be 3.6 dimensionless, which does not exceed the bioconcentration threshold of 2000, indicating that the test chemical is considered to be non-accumulative in aquatic organisms.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

BCF (aquatic species):
3.6 dimensionless

Additional information

Various experimental studies and predicted data of the test chemical and supporting studies for its structurally similar read across substance were reviewed for the bioaccumulation end point which are summarized as below:

 

In an experimental key study from authoritative database (HSDB and PubChem, 2017) for the test chemical,the bioaccumulation study was conducted for estimating the BCF (bioaccumulation factor) value of test chemical. The bioaccumulation factor (BCF) value was calculated using a logKow of 1.26 and a regression-derived equation. The estimated BCF (bioaccumulation factor) value of test chemical was determined to be 3.6 dimensionless.

 

In a prediction done using the BCFBAF Program (v3.01) of Estimation Programs Interface (EPI Suite, 2018) was used to predict the bioconcentration factor (BCF) of test chemical. The bioconcentration factor (BCF) of test chemical was estimated to be 3.15 L/kg whole body w.w (at 25 deg C).

 

In an another prediction done by using Bio-concentration Factor module (ACD (Advanced Chemistry Development)/I-Lab predictive module, 2017)), Bio-concentration Factor of the test chemical was estimated to be 1, 1.05, 3.65, 4.85, 4.95, 4.35, 1.95 and 1 at pH range 0-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8-14, respectively.

 

Another bioaccumulation test was conducted for 8 weeks for determination the bioconcentration factor (BCF) of test chemical on test organism Cyprinus carpio (J-CHECK and HSDB, 2018). Nominal concentrations used in the study are 1st Concentration area: 1 mg/L, 2nd Concentration area: 0.1 mg/L and Range finding study was carried out on Rice fish (Oryzias latipes) TLm(48h) 100 ppm(w/v). Thus the bioconcentration factor (BCF) for test chemical was determined according to static fish test. The BCF value was observed to be 4 L/kg at dose concentration 1 mg/L and 40 L/kg at dose concentration 0.1 mg/L on test organism Cyprinus carpio during 6 weeks period.

 

For the test chemical, the bioaccumulation study was conducted for estimating the BCF (bioaccumulation factor) value of test chemical (authoritative database, 2017). The bioaccumulation factor (BCF) value was calculated using a logKow of 0.88 and a regression-derived equation. The estimated BCF (bioaccumulation factor) value of test chemical was determined to be 3 dimensionless.

 

On the basis of above overall results for test chemical, it can be concluded that the BCF value of test chemical was evaluated to be ranges from 1 to 5, respectively, which does not exceed the bioconcentration threshold of 2000, indicating that the test chemical is not expected to bioaccumulate in the food chain.