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EC number: 903-919-3 | CAS number: -
The reaction mass of 2,2'-oxybisbutane (DSBE), DIPE, SBA and 2-methylpropan-2-ol (TBA) was tested for acute toxicity to daphnia, algae, fish and micro-organisms.
The EC50 value from the 3h-respiration inhibition test with sewage sludge was 2400 mg/L. The results were used in risk assessment, but are not required for classification.
The EC50 value from the 48h-daphnia test (46 mg/L) represented the lowest value in comparison with the 72h-ErC50 from the algae test (58 mg/L, value based on growth rate). Therefore, a 96h limit test with 46 mg/L with fish was performed to evaluate if fish were more sensitive than daphnia. As no effects were observed in the limit test, the EC50 (48h, daphnia) is the lowest value among the three species and used for risk assessment and classification. Based on this value and the lack of biodegradability, the reaction mass is considered harmful for aquatic life with long lasting effects and has to be classified with H412 (CLP Regulation).
Comparing the test results on daphnia, algae and fish with measured or estimated data on aquatic toxicity for the known components of the reaction mass, it appears likely that mainly DSBE accounts for the observed toxicity: Around 30% DSBE with a aquatic toxicity of 11 - 17 mg/L may be the cause observed aquatic toxicity of 46 - 58 mg/L in daphnia and algae.
Measured and calculated literature values for the reaction mass ingredients can be found in the following table:
As risk assessment indicated that risk is controlled for water, sediment, sewage treatment plant and soil no further tests on ecotoxicity are required.
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(5) HIGH PRODUCTION VOLUME (HPV) CHEMICAL CHALLENGE PROGRAM TEST PLAN For: Diisopropyl Ether (DIPE) CAS NO. 108-20-3 Prepared by: ExxonMobil Chemical Company Shell Chemical LP, December 12, 2005
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(7) Robust Summaries for t-Butanol, CAS Number 75 -65 -O USEPA HPV Challenge Program SubmissionApril 10, 2002
Based on the lowest EC50 value among the species daphnia, algae and fish (lowest value 46 mg/L for daphnia) in combination with the fact that the substance is not readily biodegradable, a classification into aquatic chronic category 3 (H412) according to the CLP regulation (corresponding to R52/53 under DPD) is necessary (EC50 10-100 mg/l).
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice.Reproduction or further distribution of this information may be subject to copyright protection. Use of the information without obtaining the permission from the owner(s) of the respective information might violate the rights of the owner.
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