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Key value for chemical safety assessment

Genetic toxicity in vitro

Description of key information
Salmonella/microsome test (Ames test): negative with strains TA 98, TA 100, TA 102 and TA 1535 and TA 1537 (+/- S9 mix)
Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
other information
Study period:
2000
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP guideline study
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.13/14 (Mutagenicity - Reverse Mutation Test Using Bacteria)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EPA OPPTS 870.5100 - Bacterial Reverse Mutation Test (August 1998)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay
Target gene:
Histidine gene locus
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102
Additional strain / cell type characteristics:
not applicable
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
Aroclor 1254 induced male rat liver S9 mix
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
0, 50, 158, 500, 1581, 5000 µg/plate and µg/tube (+/-S9 mix, all strains) in the first test
due to bacteriotoxicity, doses ranging from 0.05 µg to 160 µg per tube were chosen for the repeat tests:
without S9 mix: 0, 0.05, 0.16, 0.5, 1.6, 5, 16 µg/plate and µg/tube
with S9 mix: 0, 0.05, 0.16, 0.5, 1.6, 5, 16, 50, 160 µg/plate and µg/tube








Vehicle / solvent:
ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (EGDE), dried with Baylith SV133
Untreated negative controls:
no
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
True negative controls:
no
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
other: sodium azide (only TA 1535), nitrofurantoin (only TA 100), 4-nitro-1,2-phenylene diamine (TA 1537 and TA 98), mitomycin C (only TA 102, plate incorporation), cumene hydroperoxide (only TA 102, preincubation), 2-aminoanthracene.
Remarks:
The positive controls sodium azide, nitrofurantoin, 4-nitro-1,2-phenylene diamine and cumene hydroperoxide were only used without S9 mix; the positive control 2-aminoanthracene was only used with S9 mix.
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
METHOD: Standard plate test and preincubation test; each concentration including the controls was tested in triplicate.
Evaluation criteria:
A reproducible and dose-related increase in mutant counts of at least one strain is considered to be a positive result. For TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 100 and TA 98 this increase should be about twice that of negative controls. For TA 102 an increase of about 100 mutants should be reached. Otherwise, the result is evaluated as negative. However, these criteria may be overruled by good scientific judgment. In case of questionable results, investigations should continue, possibly with modifications, until a final evaluation is possible.
Statistics:
not specified
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
cytotoxicity
Remarks:
strong strain-specific bacteriotoxic effect at >= 1.6 µg/plate; such doses could only partly be used for assessment purposes
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
not applicable
Positive controls validity:
valid
Additional information on results:
substance precipitation at 5000 µg/plate
Remarks on result:
other: all strains/cell types tested
Remarks:
Migrated from field 'Test system'.
Conclusions:
Interpretation of results (migrated information):
negative
Executive summary:

The mutagenic potential of 4 -chloro-3 -(trifluormethyl)-phenylisocyanat was evaluated in a Salmonella/microsome test with the S. typhimurium strains TA 98, TA 100, TA 102, TA 1535 and TA 1537 in the presence and absence of S9 mix according to OECD TG 471. Doses up to and including 0.5 µg per plate did not cause any bacteriotoxic effects. At higher doses a strong strain-specific bacteriotoxic effect occurred, so that these cultures could only partly be used for assessment purposes. No evidence of mutagenic activity was seen in the treated cultures with and without S9 -mix. Thus, the test item can be considered as non- mutagenic in the Ames Test.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (negative)

Additional information

Additional information from genetic toxicity in vitro:

The mutagenic potential of 4 -chloro-3 -(trifluormethyl)-phenylisocyanat was evaluated in a Salmonella/microsome test with the S. typhimurium strains TA 98, TA 100, TA 102, TA 1535 and TA 1537 in the presence and absence of S9 mix according to OECD TG 471.Doses up to and including 0.5 µg per plate did not cause any bacteriotoxic effects. At higher doses a strong strain-specific bacteriotoxic effect occurred, so that these cultures could only partly be used for assessment purposes. No evidence of mutagenic activity was seen in the treated cultures with and without S9 -mix. Thus, the test item can be considered as non- mutagenic in the Ames Test.


Justification for selection of genetic toxicity endpoint
Only one study available

Justification for classification or non-classification

Based on the study results a classification according to Directive 67/548/EEC or Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008 (CLP) is not warranted.