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Environmental fate & pathways

Biodegradation in water: screening tests

Administrative data

Endpoint:
biodegradation in water: ready biodegradability
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
Oct - Nov 2013
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study conducted according to OECD guideline under GLP
Cross-referenceopen allclose all
Reason / purpose for cross-reference:
reference to same study
Reason / purpose for cross-reference:
reference to other study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2014
Report date:
2015

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 301 F (Ready Biodegradability: Manometric Respirometry Test)
Deviations:
no
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Not relevant
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
4-Chlor-PMA-HCl
IUPAC Name:
4-Chlor-PMA-HCl
Test material form:
solid: crystalline
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): 4-Chlor-PMA-HCl
- Analytical purity: 97%
- Lot/batch No.: BXR5ZUA

Study design

Oxygen conditions:
aerobic
Inoculum or test system:
activated sludge, domestic (adaptation not specified)
Duration of test (contact time):
28 d
Initial test substance concentration
Initial conc.:
200 mg/L
Based on:
ThOD/L

Results and discussion

% Degradation
Parameter:
% degradation (O2 consumption)
Value:
0
Sampling time:
28 d
Details on results:
The reference compound sodium acetate was degraded to 82.5 % on day 29 (28 days of incubation). 60% degradation was reached on day 5.
In the toxicity control, the reference compound (sodium acetate) plus the test compound
4-Chlor-PMA-HCl, was degraded to 43.5 % on day 29 (28 days of incubation), which reflected the degradation in the individual sets.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Validity criteria fulfilled:
yes
Interpretation of results:
under test conditions no biodegradation observed
Conclusions:
In accordance with the OECD 301F, the test compound 4-Chlor-PMA-HCl is not readily
biodegradable under the conditions of the test and it was not toxic to the microbes of activated sludge.
Executive summary:

The purpose of this study was to determine the ready biodegradability of 4-Chlor-PMA-HCl in the Manometric Respiration test. The study was conducted in agreement with the OECD test guideline no. 301F.

The test substance 4-Chlor-PMA-HCl was incubated in an aqueous solution including nutrients with microorganisms from a municipal sewage treatment plant for 28 days (start of treatment = day 1). The nutrient solutions were made up of phosphates, magnesium sulphate, iron chloride, ammonium chloride and calcium chloride. The test substance 4-Chlor-PMA-HCl was incubated in triplicate at a concentration of 200 mg theoretical oxygen demand (ThOD) per liter. Additionally, a reference substance (sodium acetate) was tested in a single set according to the same procedure, in order to verify the viability and activity of the degrading microorganisms. One further set was incubated with sodium acetate at 200 mg ThOD/L (reference substance) plus 4-Chlor-PMA-HCl at 200 mg ThOD/L representing a toxicity control. Furthermore, a blank control was tested in triplicate without any test or reference substance. The biological degradation of the test and reference substances was evaluated by measurement of the O2 consumption during the test period. O2 consumption was continuously monitored and recorded by an automated device. The O2 consumption was calculated as the percentage of total O2 that the test material could theoretically have consumed, based on the molecular formula. The blank O2 consumption was subtracted for correction.

The test compound 4-Chlor-PMA-HCl was degraded to 0 % on day 29 (28 days of incubation). The reference compound sodium acetate was degraded to 82.5 % on day 29 (28 days of incubation). 60% degradation was reached on day 5. In the toxicity control, the reference compound (sodium acetate) plus the test compound 4-Chlor-PMA-HCl, was degraded to 43.5 % on day 29 (28 days of incubation), which reflected the degradation in the individual sets.