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Toxicological information

Genetic toxicity: in vitro

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1999
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP study using standard method

Data source

Referenceopen allclose all

Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1999
Report Date:
1999
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2004
Report Date:
2004

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
GLP compliance:
yes
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
yellow powder

Method

Species / strainopen allclose all
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
Phenobarbitone / ß-napthoquinone induced, rat-liver S9.
Species / strain:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
Phenobarbitone / ß-napthoquinone induced, rat-liver S9.
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
Concentration range in the main test (with metabolic activation): 50 ... 5000 µg/plate
Concentration range in the main test (without metabolic activation): 50 ... 5000 µg/plate
Vehicle:
Sterile distilled water.
Details on test system and conditions:
Positive control sunbstances:
without activation: N-Ethyl-N'nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (TA100, TA 1535, E.coli); 9-Aminoacridine (TA 1537); 4-Nitroquinolin-1-oxide (TA98)
with activation: 2-Aminoantharcene; Benzopyrene
Evaluation criteria:
- all cultures show the strain specific number of spontaneous mutations in vehicle & untreated controls
- at least 2-fold increase of revertants in positive controls
- at least 4 non-toxic dose levels
- the testmaterial has induced a reproducible, dose-related and statistically significant increase in revertant count in at least 1 strain of bacteria

Results and discussion

Test resultsopen allclose all
Species / strain:
other: TA 100 & E.coli in co-culture
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
other: preliminary toxicity assay
Cytotoxicity:
no, but tested up to limit concentrations
Remarks:
(0,15- 5000 µg/plate)
Vehicle controls valid:
yes
Remarks on result:
other:
Remarks:
Migrated from field 'Test system'.
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity:
no
Vehicle controls valid:
yes
Negative controls valid:
yes
Positive controls valid:
yes
Remarks on result:
other: all strains/cell types tested
Remarks:
Migrated from field 'Test system'.
Species / strain:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity:
no
Vehicle controls valid:
yes
Negative controls valid:
yes
Positive controls valid:
yes
Remarks on result:
other: all strains/cell types tested
Remarks:
Migrated from field 'Test system'.
Additional information on results:
Concentrations tested with & without S9-mix: 0-50-150-500-1500-5000 µg/plate

Observations: Solvent control plates gave counts of revertant colonies within the normal range. All positive control chemicals gave increases in revertants, either with or without the metabolising system as appropriate, within expected ranges. No statistically significant increase in the numbers of revertant colonies was recorded for any of the bacterial strains with any dose of the substance, either with or without metabolic activation.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Interpretation of results (migrated information):
negative with metabolic activation
negative without metabolic activation

The substance did not show a mutagenic potential with and without metabolic activation in the Ames test in S. typhimurium and E. coli.