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Environmental fate & pathways

Adsorption / desorption

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Description of key information

Adsorption to the solid soil phase is not to be expected.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

Estimates by the MCI method and the log-Kow method of KOCWIN v2.00 (EPISuite v4.11; BASF SE 2015) calculated for Benzylamine log Koc values of 2.44 (MCI) and 1.46 (log Kow).

However, a pKa value of 9.29 indicates that the molecule will primarily exist as a cation in the environment. Cations generally adsorb stronger to soils containing organic carbon and clay than their neutral counterparts. Therefore, the KOCWIN-model may underestimate adsorption to organic carbon, as it does not consider the ionic structure of the molecule. In a calculation conducted according Franco & Trapp (2008, 2009 & 2010), a pH-corrected log Koc value of 2.81 (at pH 7) was calculated.

Referring to the charged molecule at pH 7, the substance is not expected to adsorb to the solid soil phase.




In Article 13 of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, it is laid down that information on intrinsic properties of substances may be generated by means other than tests, provided that the conditions set out in Annex XI (of the same Regulation) are met. Furthermore according to Article 25 of the same Regulation testing on vertebrate animals shall be undertaken only as a last resort.


According to Annex XI of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (Q)SAR results can be used if (1) the scientific validity of the (Q)SAR model has been established, (2) the substance falls within the applicability domain of the (Q)SAR model, (3) the results are adequate for the purpose of classification and labeling and/or risk assessment and (4) adequate and reliable documentation of the applied method is provided.


For the assessment of Benzylamine (Q)SAR results were used for the estimation of the adsorption potential. The criteria listed in Annex XI of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 are considered to be adequately fulfilled and therefore the endpoint(s) sufficiently covered and suitable for risk assessment.


Therefore, further experimental studies on the adsorption potential are not provided.