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EC number: 219-863-1 | CAS number: 2554-06-5
Phototransformation in air: Rate constant for reaction with OH radicals: Parent substance 106 E-12 cm3 / molecule.sec (half-life 0.2 days)
No measured data are available for Vi4D4.
Vi4D4 contains no chromophores that would absorb visible or UV radiation, so direct photolysis is not likely to be significant. Indirect photolysis resulting from gas-phase reaction with photochemically-produced hydroxyl radicals may occur.
The AOPWIN program (v1.92, EPA 2010) has been used to obtain values of the rate constant kOHfor reaction of Vi4D4 with hydroxyl radicals. This prediction method has not been validated to assess applicability to organosilicon substances; therefore, there is uncertainty associated with the calculated values obtained.
The overall half-life in air under default conditions of hydroxyl radical concentration was calculated using the following expressions:
kdegair(d-1) = kOH(cm3/molecule.sec) x OH Concair(molecules/cm3) x 24 x 3600
DT50(d) = ln 2/ kdegair(d-1)
kdegair= total rate constant for degradation in air
kOH= rate constant for reaction with hydroxyl radicals
OH Concair= concentration of hydroxyl radicals in air = 5 E+05 OH molecules/ cm3
The concentration of hydroxyl radicals in air of 5 E+05 OH molecules/ cm3, and the 24 hour photoperiod, are the values specified in ECHA Guidance on Information requirements and chemical safety assessment, Part R.16 Environmental exposure estimation (ECHA, 2016).
The results are given in the table below:
Table: Results of photodegradation in air calculations
Result, Vi5-D5, Impurity 1
Result, Vi3-D3, Impurity 2
106 x 10-12
132 x 10-12
79 x 10-12
Measured data for reaction with hydroxyl radicals in air are available for some organosilanes. A summary of these measured data is in the table below.
AOPWIN predictions are also presented for comparison with the measured data.
Table Measured data and AOPWIN predictions for reaction with hydroxyl radicals in air.
Rate constantfor reaction with hydroxyl radicals (kOH(cm3/ molecule. sec))
1.28 E-12 (Sommerlade et al., 1993)
0.6 E-12 (AOPWIN)
1.0 E-12 (Atkinson, 1991)
8.5 E-13 (Tuazon, 2000)
1.19 E-12 (Sommerlade et al., 1993)
0.9 E-12 (AOPWIN)
1.4 E-12 (Atkinson, 1991)
1.26 E-12 (Sommerlade et al., 1993)
1.2 E-12 (AOPWIN)
0.5 E-12 (Atkinson, 1991)
1.5 E-12 (AOPWIN)
1.6 E-12 (Atkinson, 1991)
7.2 E-12 (AOPWIN)
8.1 E-13 (Tuazon, 2000)
3.95 E-12 (Sommerlade et al., 1993)
3.9 E-12 (AOPWIN)
7.2 E-13 (Tuazon, 2000)
The measured values from Sommerlade et al. (1993) and Atkinson (1991) are in sufficient agreement, and correlate well with the predicted values. Indeed, the data from these two studies were used in the training set for the AOPWIN program.
The measured values from Tuazon (2000) indicate slightly lower rates of reaction for the silanols compared to the AOPWIN predictions and the measured value from Sommerlade et al. (1993).
EPA, 2010. US Environmental Protection Agency.AOPWIN program v1.92a (September, 2010)
ECHA (2012). European Chemicals Agency. Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment Chapter R.16: Environmental Exposure Estimation. Version: 2.1 October 2012. R.22.214.171.124. Photochemical reactions in the atmosphere
Sommerlade et al. (1993). Product Analysis and Kinetics of the Gas-Phase Reactions of Selected Organosilicon Compounds with OH Radicals Using a Smog Chamber-Mass Spectrometer System. Environ. Sci. Technol. 1993, 27, 2435-2440.
Tuazon E C, Aschmann S M and Atkinson R (2000) Atmospheric Degradation of Volatile Methyl-Silicon Compounds Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 34, No. 10, 1970-1975
Atkinson R. 1991. Kinetics of the Gas-Phase Reactions of a Series of Organosilicon Compounds with OH and NO3 Radicals and O3 at 297 +/- 2 K. Environ. Sci. Technol. 25(5):863-866.
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