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Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2019
Report Date:
2019

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 439 (In Vitro Skin Irritation: Reconstructed Human Epidermis Test Method)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid

In vitro test system

Test system:
human skin model
Source species:
human
Cell type:
other: epidermal keratinocytes which have been cultured to form a multi-layered, highly differentiated model of the human epidermis
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on test system:
The test system is a commercially available EpiDermTM-Kit, procured by MatTek. The EpiDermTM tissue consists of human-derived epidermal keratinocytes which have been cultured to form a multi-layered, highly differentiated model of the human epidermis. It consists of organized basal, spinous and granular layers, and a multi-layered stratum corneum containing intercellular lamellar lipid layers representing main lipid classes analogous to those found in vivo. The EpiDermTM tissues are cultured on specially prepared cell culture inserts.
Origin .
EpiDermTM tissues were procured from MatTek In Vitro Life Science Laboratories, Bratislava.
Designation of the kit: EPI-200-SIT
Day of delivery: 15. Jan. 2019
Batch no.: 28679
Control samples:
yes, concurrent negative control
yes, concurrent positive control
Amount/concentration applied:
1: 24.9 mg
2: 26.0 mg
3: 25.3 mg
Duration of treatment / exposure:
1 hour
Duration of post-treatment incubation (if applicable):
23 hours and 30 minutes
Number of replicates:
3 replicates

Results and discussion

In vitro

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Run / experiment:
1
Value:
86.7
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Run / experiment:
2
Value:
93.1
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Run / experiment:
3
Value:
97.9
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Other effects / acceptance of results:
All validity criteria are met. Positive and negative controls are within the range of historical data of the test facility. Therefore, the experiment is considered valid.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
All validity criteria are fulfilled. The study can be considered valid. Under the conditions of the test, Bisamid is considered non-irritant to skin.
Executive summary:

One valid experiment was performed. Three tissues of the human skin model EpiDermTM were treated with the test item for 60 minutes. The test item was applied directly to each tissue and spread to match the tissue size (0.63 cm2; as indicated by the supplier). DPBS-buffer was used as negative control and 5% SDS solution was used as positive control. After treatment with the negative control, the mean absorbance value was within the required acceptability criterion of 0.8 ≤ mean OD ≤ 2.8, OD was 1.6. The positive control showed clear irritating effects. The mean value of relative tissue viability was reduced to 2.6% (required: ≤ 20%). The variation within the tissue replicates of negative control, positive control and test item was acceptable (required: ≤ 18%). After the treatment with the test item, the mean value of relative tissue viability was reduced to 92.6%. This value is above the threshold for skin irritation potential (50%). Test items that induce values above the threshold of 50% are considered non-irritant to skin. Therefore, the test item Bisamid is considered non-irritant to skin in the Reconstructed human Epidermis (RhE) Test Method.