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Environmental fate & pathways

Biodegradation in water: screening tests

Administrative data

Endpoint:
biodegradation in water: ready biodegradability
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
other information
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
other: QSAR-tool
Title:
Estimation Program Interface EPI Suite (TM) v4.11: BIOWIN (v4.10)
Author:
United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA.
Bibliographic source:
http://www.epa.gov/oppt/exposure/pubs/episuitedl.htm

Materials and methods

Principles of method if other than guideline:
BIOWIN contains seven separate models. Version 4.10 designates these models as follows:
Probability of Rapid Biodegradation:
Biowin1: linear regression probability model
Biowin2: nonlinear regression probability model
Expert Survey Biodegradation:
Biowin3: expert survey ultimate biodegradation model
Biowin4: expert survey primary biodegradation model
MITI* Biodegradation Probability:
Biowin5: MITI linear regression model
Biowin6: MITI nonlinear regression model
Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability
Biowin7: anaerobic biodegradation model
GLP compliance:
no

Results and discussion

Any other information on results incl. tables

BIOWIN (v4.10) Program Results:

==============================

SMILES : c1ccc(cc1)S(=O)(=O)NN

CHEM  : Benzenesulphonohydrazide

MOL FOR: C6 H8 N2 O2 S1

MOL WT : 172.20

--------------------------- BIOWIN v4.10 Results ----------------------------

 

Biowin1 (Linear Model Prediction)   : Biodegrades Fast

Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model Prediction): Biodegrades Fast

Biowin3 (Ultimate Biodegradation Timeframe): Weeks

Biowin4 (Primary Biodegradation Timeframe): Days-Weeks

Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model Prediction)   : Does Not Biodegrade Fast

Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model Prediction): Does Not Biodegrade Fast

Biowin7 (Anaerobic Model Prediction): Biodegrades Fast

Ready Biodegradability Prediction: NO

 

------+-----+--------------------------------------------+---------+---------

TYPE | NUM |      Biowin1 FRAGMENT DESCRIPTION        | COEFF | VALUE

------+-----+--------------------------------------------+---------+---------

Frag | 1 | Unsubstituted phenyl group (C6H5-)       | 0.1281 | 0.1281

MolWt| * | Molecular Weight Parameter               |        | -0.0820

Const| * | Equation Constant                        |        | 0.7475

============+============================================+=========+=========

RESULT  |   Biowin1 (Linear Biodeg Probability)    |        | 0.7937

============+============================================+=========+=========

 

------+-----+--------------------------------------------+---------+---------

TYPE | NUM |      Biowin2 FRAGMENT DESCRIPTION        | COEFF | VALUE

------+-----+--------------------------------------------+---------+---------

Frag | 1 | Unsubstituted phenyl group (C6H5-)       | 1.7991 | 1.7991

MolWt| * | Molecular Weight Parameter               |        | -2.4453

============+============================================+=========+=========

RESULT  | Biowin2 (Non-Linear Biodeg Probability)  |        | 0.9139

============+============================================+=========+=========

 

A Probability Greater Than or Equal to 0.5 indicates --> Biodegrades Fast

A Probability Less Than 0.5 indicates --> Does NOT Biodegrade Fast

 

------+-----+--------------------------------------------+---------+---------

TYPE | NUM |      Biowin3 FRAGMENT DESCRIPTION        | COEFF | VALUE

------+-----+--------------------------------------------+---------+---------

Frag | 1 | Unsubstituted phenyl group (C6H5-)       | 0.0220 | 0.0220

MolWt| * | Molecular Weight Parameter               |        | -0.3805

Const| * | Equation Constant                        |        | 3.1992

============+============================================+=========+=========

RESULT  | Biowin3 (Survey Model - Ultimate Biodeg) |        | 2.8406

============+============================================+=========+=========

 

------+-----+--------------------------------------------+---------+---------

TYPE | NUM |      Biowin4 FRAGMENT DESCRIPTION        | COEFF | VALUE

------+-----+--------------------------------------------+---------+---------

Frag | 1 | Unsubstituted phenyl group (C6H5-)       | 0.0049 | 0.0049

MolWt| * | Molecular Weight Parameter               |        | -0.2484

Const| * | Equation Constant                        |        | 3.8477

============+============================================+=========+=========

RESULT  |  Biowin4 (Survey Model - Primary Biodeg) |        | 3.6042

============+============================================+=========+=========

 

Result Classification:  5.00 -> hours    4.00 -> days   3.00 -> weeks

(Primary & Ultimate)   2.00 -> months   1.00 -> longer

 

------+-----+--------------------------------------------+---------+---------

TYPE | NUM |      Biowin5 FRAGMENT DESCRIPTION        | COEFF | VALUE

------+-----+--------------------------------------------+---------+---------

Frag | 5 | Aromatic-H                               | 0.0082 | 0.0411

Frag | 1 | Hydrazine [-N-NH-]                      | -0.3730 | -0.3730

MolWt| * | Molecular Weight Parameter               |        | -0.5123

Const| * | Equation Constant                        |        | 0.7121

============+============================================+=========+=========

RESULT  | Biowin5 (MITI Linear Biodeg Probability) |        | -0.1321

============+============================================+=========+=========

 

------+-----+--------------------------------------------+---------+---------

TYPE | NUM |      Biowin6 FRAGMENT DESCRIPTION        | COEFF | VALUE

------+-----+--------------------------------------------+---------+---------

Frag | 5 | Aromatic-H                               | 0.1201 | 0.6007

Frag | 1 | Hydrazine [-N-NH-]                      |-14.6593 |-14.6593

MolWt| * | Molecular Weight Parameter               |        | -4.9713

============+============================================+=========+=========

RESULT  |Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Biodeg Probability)|        | 0.0000

============+============================================+=========+=========

 

A Probability Greater Than or Equal to 0.5 indicates --> Readily Degradable

A Probability Less Than 0.5 indicates --> NOT Readily Degradable

 

 

------+-----+--------------------------------------------+---------+---------

TYPE | NUM |      Biowin7 FRAGMENT DESCRIPTION        | COEFF | VALUE

------+-----+--------------------------------------------+---------+---------

Frag | 1 | Unsubstituted phenyl group (C6H5-)       | 0.2182 | 0.2182

Frag | 5 | Aromatic-H                               | -0.0954 | -0.4772

Frag | 1 | Hydrazine [-N-NH-]                      | 0.0000 | 0.0000

Const| * | Equation Constant                        |        | 0.8361

============+============================================+=========+=========

RESULT  |  Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Biodeg Prob)  |        | 0.5771

============+============================================+=========+=========

 

A Probability Greater Than or Equal to 0.5 indicates --> Biodegrades Fast

A Probability Less Than 0.5 indicates --> Does NOT Biodegrade Fast

 

Ready Biodegradability Prediction: (YES or NO)

----------------------------------------------

Criteria for the YES or NO prediction: If the Biowin3 (ultimate survey

model) result is "weeks" or faster (i.e. "days", "days to weeks", or

"weeks" AND the Biowin5 (MITI linear model) probability is >= 0.5, then

the prediction is YES (readily biodegradable). If this condition is not

satisfied, the prediction is NO (not readily biodegradable). This method

is based on application of Bayesian analysis to ready biodegradation data

(see Help). Biowin5 and 6 also predict ready biodegradability, but for

degradation in the OECD301C test only; using data from the Chemicals

Evaluation and Research Institute Japan (CERIJ) database.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Validity criteria fulfilled:
not applicable
Interpretation of results:
not readily biodegradable