Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Description of key information

Not skin irritant

Not eye irritant

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin irritation / corrosion

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Eye irritation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Respiratory irritation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Skin Irritation/Corrosion

The acute dermal irritation of the test item was investigated in the rabbit, according to the OECD guideline 404.

A 0.5 ml aliquot of the substance was applied to the prepared dorsal skin of 3 animals for a period of 4 hours. The resulting reaction to treatment was assessed approximately 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after the end of the exposure period.

No erythema or oedema was apparent following a 4 hour period of exposure to the test item in any animal of the study.

There was no indication of a systemic effect of treatment. Body weight changes were not remarkable.

These results indicate that the test substance has no irritant effect on the skin of the rabbit.

Eye Irritation/Corrosion

The acute eye irritation of the test item was investigated in rabbits, according to the OECD guideline 405.

A 0.1 ml aliquot of the test item was introduced into the right eye of a total of 3 animals. The resulting reaction to treatment was assessed 1, 24, 48, and 72 hours after dosing.

No irritation at either the conjunctivae, iris or cornea (score of O) was recorded in any treated animai during the whole observation period (72 h). There was no indication of a systemic effect of treatment.Changes in body weight were not remarkable.

These results indicate that the test item has no effect on the eye of the rabbit.

Justification for classification or non-classification

SKIN IRRITATION/CORROSION

A corrosive substance is a substance that produces destruction of skin tissue, namely, visible necrosis through the epidermis and into the dermis, in at least 1 tested animal after exposure up to 4 hour duration.

Three subcategories are provided within the Corrosive category 1:

Subcategory 1A where responses are noted following up to 3 minutes exposure and up to 1 hour observation;

Subcategory 1B where responses are described following exposure between 3 minutes and 1 hour and observations up to 14 days;

Subcategory 1C where responses occur after exposures between 1 hour and 4 hours and observations up to 14 days

To classify a substance as irritant, the major criterion is that at least 2 of 3 tested animals have a mean score of ≥ 2,3 - ≤ 4,0.

Category 2:

- Mean value of ≥ 2,3 - ≤ 4,0 for erythema/ eschar or for oedema in at least 2 of 3 tested animals from gradings at 24, 48 and 72 hours after patch removal or, if reactions are delayed, from grades on 3 consecutive days after the onset of skin reactions; or

- Inflammation that persists to the end of the observation period normally 14 days in at least 2 animals, particularly taking into account alopecia (limited area), hyperkeratosis, hyperplasia, and scaling; or

- In some cases where there is pronounced variability of response among animals, with very definite positive effects related to chemical eposure in a single animal but less than the criteria above.

 

EYE IRRITATION

Serious eye damage means the production of tissue damage in the eye, or serious physical decay of vision, following application of a test substance to the anterior surface of the eye, which is not fully reversible within 21 days of application.

Eye irritation means the production of changes in the eye following the application of test substance to the anterior surface of the eye, which are fully reversible within 21 days of application.

Irreversible effects on the eye (Category 1):

If, when applied to the eye of an animal, a substance produces:

- at least in one animal effects on the cornea, iris or conjunctiva that are not expected to reverse or have not fully reversed within an observation period of normally 21 days; and/ or

- at least in 2 of 3 tested animals, a positive response of corneal opacity ≥ 3 and/or iritis > 1,5 calculated as the mean scores following grading at 24, 48 and 72 hours after installation of the test material.

These observations include animals with grade 4 cornea lesions and other severe reactions (e.g., destruction of cornea) observed at any time during the test, as well as persistent corneal opacity, discoloration of the cornea by a dye substance, adhesion, pannus, and interference with the function of the iris or other effects that impair sight. In this context, persistent lesions are considered those which are not fully reversible within an observation period of normally 21 days. Substances are also classified in Category 1 if they fulfil the criteria of corneal opacity ≥ 3 or iritis > 1,5 detected in a Draize eye test with rabbits, recognising that such severe lesions usually do not reverse within a 21-day observation period.

Irritating to eyes (Category 2)

when applied to the eye of an animal, a substance produces:

- at least in 2 of 3 tested animals, a positive response of: corneal opacity ≥ 1 and/or iritis ≥ 1, and/or conjunctival redness ≥ 2 and/or conjunctival oedema (chemosis) ≥ 2

calculated as the mean scores following grading at 24, 48 and 72 hours after installation of the test material, and which fully reverses within an observation period of 21 days.

Based on the results obtained in the skin and eye irritation studies, the test substance does not need to be classified according to CLP Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.