Registration Dossier

Environmental fate & pathways


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The assessment entity “tall oil” is a mixture of different saturated and unsaturated C16 -C18 fatty acids. Therefore, the endpoint is addressed with publicly available data on fatty acids with the same or a similar structure, including conservatively fatty acids with a shorter chain(i.e. C14) if relevant and appropriate in accordance with previously applied read-across approaches (U.S. EPA Fact Sheet, 2008).

A registration dossier shall contain information on the environmental hazard assessment (Regulation 1907/2006, Article 10). For the environmental hazard assessment of tall oil, the standard testing regime set out in Annexes VII to IX is adapted in accordance with Section 1.2 and 1.3 of Annex XI so that “testing does not appear to be scientifically necessary” as follows:

(I) The ecotoxic potential of the fatty acid (tall oil) is assumed to be negligible. Fatty acids are generally not considered to represent a risk to the environment, which is reflected in their exemption from the obligation to register (Annex V, Section 9 and Regulation (EC) No 987/2008).

(II)“Hydrolysis is not an important fate path in the environment due to the fact that fatty acids lack hydrolysable functional groups” OECD SIDS (2014) that are readily hydrolysed under environmental conditions (Health Canada, 2017). Fatty acids are hydrolytically stable in aqueous solutions in the pH range of 1-14 (U.S. EPA Fact Sheet, 2008, EFSA, 2013). Since tall oil does not contain hydrolysable functional groups, hydrolysis is not relevant for its fate of in the environment since it.

(III) Tall oil is expected to be biodegradable under aerobic conditions.

In sum, hydrolysis does not appear to be a relevant degradation process of tall oil in the environment.Taking into account that tall oil is expected to be readily biodegradable under aerobic conditions, further tests of C16-18 fatty acids as contained in tall oilare not considered to be required.



OECD SIDS initial assessment profile- aliphatic acids (2014), CoCAM 6 September 30-October 3, Italy/ICCA, p. 41

Health Canada’s PMRA, Pest Management Regulatory Agency (2017). Ammonium Salt of Fatty Acid Proposed Registration Decision PRD2017-04, p. 36

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. EPA (2008). Ammonium nonanoate (031802) Fact Sheet, OPP Chemical Code: 031802, p. 2

EFSA (2013). Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance Fatty acids C7 to C18 (approved under Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 as Fatty acids C7 to C20), European Food Safety Authority, Parma, Italy, Vol 11(1):3023

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