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Physical & Chemical properties

Particle size distribution (Granulometry)

Administrative data

Endpoint:
particle size distribution (granulometry)
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
Experimental starting date: 05 July 2017. Experimental completion date: 23 August 2017
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2017
Report date:
2017

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other:
Version / remarks:
European Commission Guidance Document EUR 20268 ‘Determination of Particle Size Distribution, Fibre Length and Diameter Distribution of Chemical Substances’ (2002).
Deviations:
no
Principles of method if other than guideline:
The determination was carried out using a procedure designed to be compatible with European Commission Guidance Document EUR 20268 ‘Determination of Particle Size Distribution, Fibre Length and Diameter Distribution of Chemical Substances’ (2002).
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Type of method:
cascade impaction
Type of particle tested:
primary particle
Type of distribution:
volumetric distribution

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Identification: Beta-Menadione
CAS No: 58-27-5
Description: light yellow powder
Batch number: J16090701
Purity: 99.2%
Expiry date: 06 September 2017
Storage conditions: room temperature, in the dark

Results and discussion

Particle size distribution at different passagesopen allclose all
No.:
#1
Size:
< 10 µm
Distribution:
>= 0.452 - <= 0.869 %
No.:
#2
Size:
< 5.5 µm
Distribution:
>= 0.046 - <= 0.12 %
No.:
#3
Size:
< 2.4 µm
Distribution:
>= 0.003 - <= 0.045 %
No.:
#4
Size:
< 1.61 µm
Distribution:
>= 0 - <= 0.003 %
No.:
#5
Size:
< 0.307 µm
Distribution:
>= 0 - <= 0.003 %

Any other information on results incl. tables

Sieve Screening Test

The results of the sieving procedure are shown in the following table:

Measurement Result
Mass of test item transferred to sieve (W1) 14.75 g
Mass of test item passed through sieve (W3 – W2) 8.35 g
Percentage of test item less than 100 μm 56.60%

Cascade Impactor

The cumulative amounts of test item collected in the three determinations for the individual particle size cut-points are shown in the following table:

Particle Size
Cut Points (μm)
Cumulative Mass (g) Cumulative Percentage (%)
Determination 1 Determination 2 Determination 3 Determination 1 Determination 2 Determination 3
<10.0 0.0189 0.026 0.0138 0.611 0.869 0.452
<5.5 0.0037 0.0021 0.0014 0.12 0.07 0.046
<2.4 0.0014 0.0001 0.0002 0.045 0.003 0.007
<1.61 0.0001 0 0 0.003 0 0
<0.307 0.0001 0 0 0.003 0

0

Mean cumulative percentage with a particle size less than 10.0 μm : 0.644% Mean cumulative percentage with a particle size less than 5.5 μm : 0.079%

Sampling for the cascade impactor determinations was performed by rolling the test item container for approximately 10 minutes then sampled from the top, middle and bottom.

Too few particles were of a size less than 10.0 μm to allow accurate assessment of the mass median aerodynamic diameter.

The inhalable fraction is defined as the mass fraction of particles which can be inhaled by nose or mouth, the thoracic fraction is defined as the mass fraction of particles that passes the larynx and the respirable fraction is defined as the mass fraction of particles that reaches the alveoli.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Particle size data acquired for the test item is:
Percentage of test item with an inhalable particle size <100 μm: 56.6 % (Sieve Method)
Percentage of test item with a thoracic particle size <10.0 μm: 0.644 % (Cascade impactor method)
Percentage of test item with a respirable particle size <5.5 μm: 0.079 % (Cascade impactor method)
Executive summary:

Particle Size Distribution.. Particle size data was acquired, using a procedure designed to be compatible with the European Commission Technical Guidance Document EUR 20268 Determination of Particle Size Distribution, Fibre Length and Diameter Distribution of Chemical Substances (2002). The results are as follows:

Measurement Method Result
Proportion of test item having an inhalable particle size <100 μm Sieve 56.60%
Proportion of test item having a thoracic particle size <10.0 μm Cascade Impactor 0.64%
Proportion of test item having a respirable particle size <5.5 μm Cascade Impactor 0.08%