Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
data from handbook or collection of data

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
publication
Title:
Range-finding toxicity data: List VII
Author:
Smyth HF, Carpenter CP, Weil CS, Pozzani UC, Streigel JA and Nycum JS,
Year:
1969
Bibliographic source:
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal 30, 470-476

Materials and methods

Principles of method if other than guideline:
Male albino rabbits (3-5 months old) were immobilized during the 24-hour contact period with the compound retained under impervious sheeting on the clipped intact skin of the trunk. Thereafter, excess fluid is removed to prevent ingestion and animals are observed for 14 days.
GLP compliance:
no
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
no

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Hexyl acrylate
EC Number:
219-698-5
EC Name:
Hexyl acrylate
Cas Number:
2499-95-8
Molecular formula:
C9H16O2
IUPAC Name:
hexyl prop-2-enoate

Test animals

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Sex:
male
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source:
- Age at study initiation: 3-5 months
- Weight at study initiation: 2.5 - 3.5 kg
- Fasting period before study: not specified
- Housing: not specified
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Rockland Rabbit Ration
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): not specified
- Acclimation period: not specified

Administration / exposure

Type of coverage:
occlusive
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on dermal exposure:
Details on dermal exposure: Male albino rabbits, 3 to 5 months of age are immobilized during the 24-hour contact period with the compound retained under impervious sheeting on the clipped intact skin of the trunk. Thereafter, the polyethylene sheeting used to retain the dose in contact with the clipped skin of the trunk was removed and the animals were observed for 14 days. Maximum dosage that can be achieved is 20 ml/kg

Duration of exposure:
Duration of exposure: 24 hours

Doses:
Logarithmic differing by a factor of 2 (no further detail)
No. of animals per sex per dose:
No. of animals per sex per dose: 4

Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: Animals were observed daily for mortality; frequency of weighing not specified.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: no
Statistics:
LD 50 calculated by method of Thompson (Bacteri Rev 11: 115 June 1947 Use of moving averages and interpolation to estimate median effective dose) and tables of Weil (Biometrics 8: 249 Sept 1952: Tables for convenient calculation median-effective dose (LD50 or ED50) and instructions in their use). The LD50 is given with ± 1.96 standard deviations.

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Key result
Sex:
male
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
4 983 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
95% CL:
> 3.5 - < 9.14
Remarks on result:
other: original data: 5.65 ml/kg LD50 (mg/kg)= LD50 (ml/kg) x density x 1000 = 5.65 x 0.882 x 1000 = 4983 mg/kg

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
N-hexyl acrylate was administered via oral intubation to 4 male New Zealand White Rabbits to assess the acute oral toxicity. Animals were observed daily for 14 days post dosing. The LD50 for N-hexyl acrylate based on these data were established at 4893 mg/kg (5.65 ml/kg) for males. This finding does not warrant classification of N-hexyl acrylate as an acute oral toxicant under the Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 on classification, labeling, and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP).
Executive summary:

N-hexyl acrylate is minimally toxic via ingestion where the LD50 was established at >2000 mg/kg in a range finding study. This finding does not warrant classification n-hexyl acrylate as an acute oral toxicant under the Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP).