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Toxicological information

Genetic toxicity: in vitro

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Cross-reference
Reason / purpose:
reference to same study
Reference
Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Type of information:
read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Justification for type of information:
See read-across justification attached in section 13.2
Reason / purpose:
read-across source
Related information:
Composition 1
Reference:
Composition 0
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
GLP compliance:
yes
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay
Test material information:
Composition 1
Target gene:
histidine
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
S9
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 102
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
S9
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
with S9 mix: 1.5, 5, 15, 50, 150, 500, 1500 µg/plate
without S9 mix: 1.5, 5, 15, 50, 150, 500 µg/plate
Vehicle:
Vehicle(s)/solvent(s) used: DMSO
Negative controls:
yes
Solvent controls:
yes
True negative controls:
not specified
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
2-nitrofluorene
Remarks:
without S9
Negative controls:
yes
Solvent controls:
yes
True negative controls:
not specified
Positive controls:
yes
Remarks:
TA100, TA 1535
Positive control substance:
sodium azide
Remarks:
without S9
Negative controls:
yes
Solvent controls:
yes
True negative controls:
not specified
Positive controls:
yes
Remarks:
TA1537
Positive control substance:
9-aminoacridine
Remarks:
without S9
Negative controls:
yes
Solvent controls:
yes
True negative controls:
not specified
Positive controls:
yes
Remarks:
TA102
Positive control substance:
mitomycin C
Remarks:
wihout S9
Negative controls:
yes
Solvent controls:
yes
True negative controls:
not specified
Positive controls:
yes
Remarks:
TA98, TA100, TA102, TA1535
Positive control substance:
other: 2-aminoanthracene, 0.8 µg/plate
Remarks:
with S9
Negative controls:
yes
Solvent controls:
yes
True negative controls:
not specified
Positive controls:
yes
Remarks:
TA1537
Positive control substance:
other: 2-aminoanthracene, 1.7 µg/plate
Remarks:
with S9
Details on test system and conditions:
METHOD OF APPLICATION: in agar (plate incorporation)

DURATION
- Exposure duration: 48 - 72 h

DETERMINATION OF CYTOTOXICITY
- Method: reduction in the number of revertant colonies and/or a diminution of the background lawn
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity:
yes
Vehicle controls valid:
yes
Negative controls valid:
not specified
Positive controls valid:
yes
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1537
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity:
yes
Vehicle controls valid:
yes
Negative controls valid:
not specified
Positive controls valid:
yes
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 98
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity:
yes
Vehicle controls valid:
yes
Negative controls valid:
not specified
Positive controls valid:
yes
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity:
yes
Vehicle controls valid:
yes
Negative controls valid:
not specified
Positive controls valid:
yes
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 102
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity:
yes
Vehicle controls valid:
yes
Negative controls valid:
not specified
Positive controls valid:
yes
Additional information on results:
TEST-SPECIFIC CONFOUNDING FACTORS
- Precipitation: not observed

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CYTOTOXICITY:
Cytotoxic concentrations:
Without S9:
150ug/plate for TA1537;
500 µg/plate for TA98, TA100, TA1535; TA102

With S9:
500 µg/plate for TA98, TA100, TA1535, TA102
1500 µg/plate - for TA1537
Conclusions:
The test substance was found to be cytotoxic to the different strains tested in the study but not mutagenic.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2001
Report Date:
2001

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
GLP compliance:
yes
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent

Method

Target gene:
histidine
Species / strainopen allclose all
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
S9
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 102
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
S9
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
with S9 mix: 1.5, 5, 15, 50, 150, 500, 1500 µg/plate
without S9 mix: 1.5, 5, 15, 50, 150, 500 µg/plate
Vehicle:
Vehicle(s)/solvent(s) used: DMSO
Controlsopen allclose all
Negative controls:
yes
Solvent controls:
yes
True negative controls:
not specified
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
2-nitrofluorene
Remarks:
without S9
Negative controls:
yes
Solvent controls:
yes
True negative controls:
not specified
Positive controls:
yes
Remarks:
TA100, TA 1535
Positive control substance:
sodium azide
Remarks:
without S9
Negative controls:
yes
Solvent controls:
yes
True negative controls:
not specified
Positive controls:
yes
Remarks:
TA1537
Positive control substance:
9-aminoacridine
Remarks:
without S9
Negative controls:
yes
Solvent controls:
yes
True negative controls:
not specified
Positive controls:
yes
Remarks:
TA102
Positive control substance:
mitomycin C
Remarks:
wihout S9
Negative controls:
yes
Solvent controls:
yes
True negative controls:
not specified
Positive controls:
yes
Remarks:
TA98, TA100, TA102, TA1535
Positive control substance:
other: 2-aminoanthracene, 0.8 µg/plate
Remarks:
with S9
Negative controls:
yes
Solvent controls:
yes
True negative controls:
not specified
Positive controls:
yes
Remarks:
TA1537
Positive control substance:
other: 2-aminoanthracene, 1.7 µg/plate
Remarks:
with S9
Details on test system and conditions:
METHOD OF APPLICATION: in agar (plate incorporation)

DURATION
- Exposure duration: 48 - 72 h

DETERMINATION OF CYTOTOXICITY
- Method: reduction in the number of revertant colonies and/or a diminution of the background lawn

Results and discussion

Test resultsopen allclose all
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity:
yes
Vehicle controls valid:
yes
Negative controls valid:
not specified
Positive controls valid:
yes
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1537
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity:
yes
Vehicle controls valid:
yes
Negative controls valid:
not specified
Positive controls valid:
yes
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 98
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity:
yes
Vehicle controls valid:
yes
Negative controls valid:
not specified
Positive controls valid:
yes
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity:
yes
Vehicle controls valid:
yes
Negative controls valid:
not specified
Positive controls valid:
yes
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 102
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity:
yes
Vehicle controls valid:
yes
Negative controls valid:
not specified
Positive controls valid:
yes
Additional information on results:
TEST-SPECIFIC CONFOUNDING FACTORS
- Precipitation: not observed

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CYTOTOXICITY:
Cytotoxic concentrations:
Without S9:
150ug/plate for TA1537;
500 µg/plate for TA98, TA100, TA1535; TA102

With S9:
500 µg/plate for TA98, TA100, TA1535, TA102
1500 µg/plate - for TA1537

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
The test substance was found to be cytotoxic to the different strains tested in the study but not mutagenic.