Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Workers - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
4.94 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
50
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
100 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
DNEL value:
246.8 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

NOAECcorr = NOAELoral*(1/0.38 m³/kg bw/day)*(ABSoral-rat/ABSinh-human)*(6.7 m³ (8h)/10 m³ (8h))*

(7 days exposure/ 5 days exposure) = 100 mg/kg bw/day*(1/0.38 m³/kg bw/day)*(1/1)*0.67*1.4 = 246.8 mg/m³.

Based on the low vapour pressure of the test substance inhalation absorption is expected to be comparable to oral absorption rate.

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
The dose descriptor starting point is based on a NOAEL
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
4
Justification:
As the NOAEL of a repeated dose toxicity study (OECD 422) with an exposure time of approx. 50 days (males: 50 days; females: 2 weeks prior to mating until Postpartum Day 13) was used as point of departure an AF of 4 is considered as adequate for the exposure duration extrapolation.
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
1
Justification:
AF not used for inhalation route.
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default value according to ECHA REACH Guidance.
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
Default value for workers according to ECHA REACH Guidance.
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The DNEL is based on a high-quality study.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties.
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown but no further hazard information necessary as no exposure expected
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion
DNEL related information

Workers - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.7 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
200
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
100 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
140 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

Dermal NOAEL = oral NOAEL*ABS(oral)/ABS(dermal)*(7 days exposure/ 5 days exposure) = 100 mg/kg bw/day *(1/1)*1.4= 140 mg/kg bw/day.

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
The dose descriptor starting point is based on a NOAEL.
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
4
Justification:
As the NOAEL of a repeated dose toxicity study (OECD 422) with an exposure time of approx. 50 days (males: 50 days; females: 2 weeks prior to mating until Postpartum Day 13) was used as point of departure an AF of 4 is considered as adequate for the exposure duration extrapolation.
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
The experimental animal was the rat.
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default value according to ECHA REACH Guidance.
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
Default value for workers according to ECHA REACH Guidance.
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The DNEL is based on a high-quality study.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties.
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown but no further hazard information necessary as no exposure expected
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion

Workers - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)

Additional information - workers

General Population - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.87 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
100
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
100 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
DNEL value:
86.9 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

NOAECcorr = NOAELoral*(1/1.15 m³/kg bw/day (24h)) *(ABSoral-rat/ABSinh-human) = 100 mg/kg bw/day*(1/1.15 m³/kg bw/day)*(1/1) = 86.9 mg/m³.

Based on the low vapour pressure of the test substance inhalation absorption is expected to be comparable to oral absorption rate.

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
The dose descriptor starting point is based on a NOAEL.
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
4
Justification:
As the NOAEL of a repeated dose toxicity study (OECD 422) with an exposure time of approx. 50 days (males: 50 days; females: 2 weeks prior to mating until Postpartum Day 13) was used as point of departure an AF of 4 is considered as adequate for the exposure duration extrapolation.
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
1
Justification:
AF not used for inhalation route
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default value according to ECHA REACH Guidance.
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Default value for general population according to ECHA REACH Guidance.
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The DNEL is based on a high-quality study.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties.
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown but no further hazard information necessary as no exposure expected
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.25 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
400
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
100 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
100 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

Dermal NOAEL = oral NOAEL*ABS(oral)/ABS(dermal) = 100 mg/kg bw/day *(1/1) = 100 mg/kg bw/day.

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
The dose descriptor starting point is based on a NOAEL.
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
4
Justification:
As the NOAEL of a repeated dose toxicity study (OECD 422) with an exposure time of approx. 50 days (males: 50 days; females: 2 weeks prior to mating until Postpartum Day 13) was used as point of departure an AF of 4 is considered as adequate for the exposure duration extrapolation.
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
The experimental animal was the rat.
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default value according to ECHA REACH Guidance.
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Default value for general population according to ECHA REACH Guidance.
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The DNEL is based on a high-quality study.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties.
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown but no further hazard information necessary as no exposure expected
DNEL related information
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

.

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion

General Population - Hazard via oral route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.25 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
400
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
100 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

no route to route extrapolation necessary

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
The dose descriptor starting point is based on a NOAEL.
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
4
Justification:
As the NOAEL of a repeated dose toxicity study (OECD 422) with an exposure time of approx. 50 days (males: 50 days; females: 2 weeks prior to mating until Postpartum Day 13) was used as point of departure an AF of 4 is considered as adequate for the exposure duration extrapolation.
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
The experimental animal was the rat.
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default value according to ECHA REACH Guidance.
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Default value for general population according to ECHA REACH Guidance.
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The DNEL is based on a high-quality study.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties.
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
low hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
acute toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)

Additional information - General Population