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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Administrative data

Endpoint:
toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
April 23, 2015 - June 2, 2015
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2015
Report Date:
2015

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 201 (Alga, Growth Inhibition Test)
Version / remarks:
adopted on March 23, 2006; Annex 5 corrected: July 28, 2011
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method C.3 (Algal Inhibition test)
Version / remarks:
Council Regulation (EC) No. 761/2009 laying down test methods pursuant to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and the council on the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH).
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Specific details on test material used for the study:
PREPARATION OF THE TEST MATERIAL
The test medium (reconstituted water and test item) was freshly prepared. Therefore, the calibrated flask with test medium was treated in an ultrasonic device for 1 hour. Subsequently, the preparation was stirred with a magnetic stirrer for further 23 hours. Afterwards, the formulation was passed through a membrane filter with a pore size of 0.2 µm. The filtrate was used for the study.

Sampling and analysis

Analytical monitoring:
no
Remarks:
Because of the low water solubility (0.0033 mg/L), the compound cannot be detected with standard analytical methods and the development of an analytical method with a sufficiently low detection and quantification limit is complex.

Test solutions

Vehicle:
yes
Details on test solutions:
Vehicle:

Nutrient (mg/L)
NH4Cl 15.0
MgCl2 * 6H2O 12.0
CaCl2 * 2H2O 18.0
MgSO4 * 7H2O 15.0
KH2PO4 1.60

FeCl3 * 6H2O 0.0640
Na2EDTA * 2H2O 0.100

H3BO3 0.185
MnCl2 * 4H2O 0.415
ZnCl2 0.00300
CoCl2 * 6H2O 0.00150
CuCl2 * 2H2O 0.00001
Na2MoO4 * 2H2O 0.00700

NaHCO3 50.0

- pH: 7.60
- Total hardness: 24 mg/L as CaCO3 (calculated)

Preparation of the Test Item:
The test medium (reconstituted water and test item) was freshly prepared. Therefore, the calibrated flask with test medium was treated in an ultrasonic device for 1 hour. Subsequently, the preparation was stirred with a magnetic stirrer for further 23 hours. Afterwards, the formulation was passed through a membrane filter with a pore size of 0.2 µm. The filtrate was used for the study.

Test organisms

Test organisms (species):
Desmodesmus subspicatus (previous name: Scenedesmus subspicatus)
Details on test organisms:
TEST ORGANISM
- Common name: Unicellular green algae
- Strain: Desmodesmus subspicatus
- Source (laboratory, culture collection): The test system used was Desmodesmus subspicatus, strain 86.81 SAG (Sammlung von Algenkulturen, Pflanzenphysiologisches Institut der Universität Göttingen, Germany). This strain was further cultivated in the laboratories of Non-Clinical Safety.
- Method of cultivation: The permanent algae cultures, the pre-culture and the algae cultures of the study were cultivated in an air-conditioned room with a water temperature of 21.0 – 24.0°C, controlled at
± 2°C. For cultivation, 300 mL Erlenmeyer flasks filled with 100 mL algae suspension were covered with air permeable stoppers (Heinz Herenz Medizinalbedarf GmbH, Hamburg, Germany). The cultures were shaken continuously at about 120 rpm (Universalschüttler SM25, Edmund Bühler GmbH, Hechingen, Germany) and lit between 4440 and 8880 Lux. Fluorescent tubes (Lumilux T5 nws FLH1 HO 80W/840, Osram GmbH, München, Germany) installed above the flasks served for lighting.


ACCLIMATION
- Acclimation period: 72h
- Culturing media and conditions (same as test or not): same as test
- Any deformed or abnormal cells observed: no

Study design

Test type:
static
Water media type:
freshwater
Limit test:
yes
Total exposure duration:
72 h
Post exposure observation period:
-

Test conditions

Hardness:
24 mg/L as CaCO3 (calculated)
Test temperature:
20.7 – 22.7°C
pH:
7.55 - 8.23
Nominal and measured concentrations:
Nominal concentrations: 100.0 mg/L
Details on test conditions:
TEST SYSTEM
- Test vessel: 300 mL Erlenmeyer flasks
- Type: open
- Material, size, headspace, fill volume: 300 mL Erlenmeyer glas flasks filled with 100 mL cell suspension
- Aeration: no
- Initial cells density: 10 000 cells per ml
- Control end cells density: 1 809 093 cells per ml
- No. of vessels per concentration (replicates): 6
- No. of vessels per control (replicates): 6

GROWTH MEDIUM
- Standard medium used: yes

TEST MEDIUM / WATER PARAMETERS
- Source/preparation of dilution water: reconstituted water according to OECD TG 201
- Culture medium different from test medium: no

OTHER TEST CONDITIONS
- Sterile test conditions: yes
- Adjustment of pH: no
- Light intensity and quality: The light intensity measured immediately before the start of the study was 6970 Lux ± 5.3% and 6935 Lux ± 5.2% at the end of the study. Thus, the light intensity was in the anticipated range of 4440 – 8880 Lux within ± 15% from the average.


EFFECT PARAMETERS MEASURED (with observation intervals if applicable) :
- Determination of cell concentrations: electronic particle counter

TEST CONCENTRATIONS
- Test concentrations: 100.0 mg/L
Reference substance (positive control):
no
Remarks:
The accuracy and reliability of the test method is demonstrated periodically as recommended by OECD Guideline No. 201 and the Council Regulation (EC) No. 761/2009. Therefore, potassium dichromate (Art. 104864) was tested as positive control.

Results and discussion

Effect concentrationsopen allclose all
Key result
Duration:
72 h
Dose descriptor:
EC10
Effect conc.:
> 100 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
growth rate
Remarks on result:
other: > 0.0033 mg/L
Key result
Duration:
72 h
Dose descriptor:
EC20
Effect conc.:
> 100 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
growth rate
Remarks on result:
other: > 0.0033 mg/L
Key result
Duration:
72 h
Dose descriptor:
EC50
Effect conc.:
> 100 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
growth rate
Remarks on result:
other: > 0.0033 mg/L
Key result
Duration:
72 h
Dose descriptor:
EC10
Effect conc.:
> 100 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
other: Yield
Remarks on result:
other: > 0.0033 mg/L
Key result
Duration:
72 h
Dose descriptor:
EC20
Effect conc.:
> 100 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
other: Yield
Remarks on result:
other: > 0.0033 mg/L
Key result
Duration:
72 h
Dose descriptor:
EC50
Effect conc.:
> 100 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
other: Yield
Remarks on result:
other: > 0.0033 mg/L
Details on results:
The EC values exceeded the water solubility of 0.0033 mg/L (nominal >100 mg/L) and, thus, could not be determined in this study.

- Exponential growth in the control (for algal test): yes
- Observation of abnormalities (for algal test): no
- Unusual cell shape: no
- Any observations (e.g. precipitation) that might cause a difference between measured and nominal values: no
Results with reference substance (positive control):
The accuracy and reliability of the test method is demonstrated periodically as recommended by OECD Guideline No. 201 and the Council Regulation (EC) No. 761/2009. Therefore, potassium dichromate was tested as positive control.

The test item Art. 104864 (potassium dichromate) showed 72h EC values which are within the recommended range (Biomass integral EC50 0.20 – 0.75 mg/L and Growth rate EC50 0.60 – 1.03 mg/L).

Any other information on results incl. tables

Objective

The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of the test item on the growth and growth rate of the green algae species Desmodesmus subspicatus.

Study Design

The study design included one control group and one test item group with six replicates, each containing 100 mL reconstituted water or test medium and 10000 cells/mL at the start of the experimental phase.

The study was performed as a limit test in an open static test system. The algae were exposed to a filtrate of nominal 100 mg/L.

The growth of the algae was calculated after 24, 48, and 72 hours exposure in the test item group and control group.

Results

The test item concentration in the reconstituted water was not quantified at the start and the end of this study. Because of the low water solubility (0.0033 mg/L), the compound cannot be detected with standard analytical methods and the development of an analytical method with a sufficiently low detection and quantification limit is complex.

Due to the absence of any adverse effects at the saturation concentration, the study was performed without analytical concentration verification.

An aqueous preparation of a nominal concentration of 100 mg/L of test item revealed no toxic effect in Desmodesmus subspicatus.

The following EC values (Growth rate and Yield) were determined:

Parameter (0-72h)

Growth rate

Yield

EC10

95% confidence interval

>0.0033 mg/L (nominal >100 mg/L)

n.d.

>0.0033 mg/L (nominal >100 mg/L)

n.d.

EC20

95% confidence interval

>0.0033 mg/L (nominal >100 mg/L)

n.d.

>0.0033 mg/L (nominal >100 mg/L)

n.d.

EC50

95% confidence interval

>0.0033 mg/L (nominal >100 mg/L)

n.d.

>0.0033 mg/L (nominal >100 mg/L)

n.d.

n.d. = could not be determined

Conclusion

Under the conditions of the present study, an aqueous solution of 100 mg/L of the test item in an open static system revealed no aquatic toxicity. The EC50 (0-72h) for Growth rate and Yield were >0.0033 mg/L (nominal >100 mg/L) and, thus, could not be determined in this study.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Validity criteria fulfilled:
yes
Conclusions:
Under the conditions of the present study, an aqueous solution of 100 mg/L of the test item in an open static system revealed no aquatic toxicity.
The EC50 (0-72h) for Growth rate and Yield were >0.0033 mg/L (nominal >100 mg/L) and, thus, could not be determined in this study.
Executive summary:

This study was performed according to GLP and the methods applied are fully compliant with OECD TG 201. Under the conditions of the present study, an aqueous solution of 100 mg/L of the test item in an open static system revealed no aquatic toxicity.The EC50(0-72h) for Growth rate and Yield were >0.0033 mg/L (nominal >100 mg/L) and, thus, could not be determined in this study.