Registration Dossier

Administrative data

toxicity to soil microorganisms
Data waiving:
study scientifically not necessary / other information available
Justification for data waiving:
the study does not need to be conducted because direct and indirect exposure of the soil compartment is unlikely
Justification for type of information:
In accordance with Column 2 of Annex IX section 9.4.2. of REACH, effects on soil micro-organisms testing need not be conducted if direct and indirect exposure of the soil compartment is unlikely.

No direct exposure of the soil compartment is anticipated based on uses of the substance and from waste disposal from industrial use sites - no substance is expected to be applied directly to soil.

Indirect expsoure of soil compartment is considered unlikely. Readily biodegradable substances which are not directly applied to soil are generally assumed not to enter the terrestrial environment and as such there is no need for testing of soil organisms. The substance is not identified as readily biodegradable. However, hydrolysis of the substance has been identified as the main route of degradation (abiotic). Results of an hydrolysis as function of pH study (OECD) showed the estimated half-life of the substance at 25°C to be less than 2 minutes at pH 4, 7 and 9. In addiiton, the hydrolysis study proposed the hydrolysis product to be Hydroxyethyl sulphate and this hydrolysis product is predicted to be readily biodegradable using EPISUITE model BIOWIN v4.10. It is therefore assumed that the parent substance or hydrolysis product are unlikely to enter the terrestrial environment.

The substances low log octanol/water partition coefficient (Log Pow -045) indicates that the substance will predominately stay in the aquatic environment if released. The low adsorption coefficient of log Koc <1.25 indicates the substance has low potential for adsorption to soil (or sediments) and is therefore not likely to partition into the soil compartment and accumulate in the terrestrial compartment. Exposure to soil micro-organsims will therefore be very limited. The hydrolysis product is also expected to have low potential for adsorption to soils (predicted log Pow -3.95 and log Koc <1).

In the absence of toxicity data for soil organisms, the Equilibrium Partitioning Method may be applied to assess the hazard to soil organisms. However, as no hazard was identified in acute toxicity studies in fish, Daphnia and algae, the equilibrium partitioning method is not considered likely to provide further useful additional information.

Based on the above, effects on soil micro-organisms testing is not considered to be necessary.

Data source

Materials and methods

Results and discussion

Applicant's summary and conclusion