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Environmental fate & pathways

Biodegradation in water: screening tests

Administrative data

Endpoint:
biodegradation in water: ready biodegradability
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2016
Report date:
2016

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 301 F (Ready Biodegradability: Manometric Respirometry Test)
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method C.4-D (Determination of the "Ready" Biodegradability - Manometric Respirometry Test)
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EPA OPPTS 835.3110 (Ready Biodegradability)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
rel-((3aR,6R)-7,7-dimethyl-8-methyleneoctahydro-1H-3a,6-methanoazulen-3-yl)methyl acetate
Molecular formula:
C17H26O2
IUPAC Name:
rel-((3aR,6R)-7,7-dimethyl-8-methyleneoctahydro-1H-3a,6-methanoazulen-3-yl)methyl acetate
Constituent 2
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
2-(8,8a-dimethyl-3,4,6,7,8,8a-hexahydronaphthalen-2(1H)-ylidene)propyl acetate
Molecular formula:
C17H26O2
IUPAC Name:
2-(8,8a-dimethyl-3,4,6,7,8,8a-hexahydronaphthalen-2(1H)-ylidene)propyl acetate
Constituent 3
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
rel-(8R,8aS)-8,8a-dimethyl-2-(propan-2-ylidene)-1,2,3,7,8,8a-hexahydronaphthalene
Molecular formula:
C15H22
IUPAC Name:
rel-(8R,8aS)-8,8a-dimethyl-2-(propan-2-ylidene)-1,2,3,7,8,8a-hexahydronaphthalene
Constituent 4
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
rel-(5R,10R)-6,10-dimethyl-2-(propan-2-ylidene)spiro[4.5]dec-6-en-8-one
Cas Number:
22196-46-9
Molecular formula:
C15H22O
IUPAC Name:
rel-(5R,10R)-6,10-dimethyl-2-(propan-2-ylidene)spiro[4.5]dec-6-en-8-one
Constituent 5
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
rel-(4R,4aS)-4,4a-dimethyl-6-(propan-2-ylidene)-4,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydronaphthalen-2(3H)-one
Cas Number:
16981-90-1
Molecular formula:
C15H22O
IUPAC Name:
rel-(4R,4aS)-4,4a-dimethyl-6-(propan-2-ylidene)-4,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydronaphthalen-2(3H)-one
Constituent 6
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
rel-(1R,8aS)-1,8a-dimethyl-7-(propan-2-ylidene)-1,2,3,7,8,8a-hexahydronaphthalene
Molecular formula:
C15H22
IUPAC Name:
rel-(1R,8aS)-1,8a-dimethyl-7-(propan-2-ylidene)-1,2,3,7,8,8a-hexahydronaphthalene
Constituent 7
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
2-methoxy-4-prop-1-enylphenyl acetate
EC Number:
202-236-1
EC Name:
2-methoxy-4-prop-1-enylphenyl acetate
Cas Number:
93-29-8
Molecular formula:
C12H14O3
IUPAC Name:
2-methoxy-4-(prop-1-en-1-yl)phenyl acetate
Constituent 8
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
rel-(1R,4aS,8aR)-1,4a-dimethyl-7-(prop-1-en-2-yl)-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,8a-octahydronaphthalene
Molecular formula:
C15H24
IUPAC Name:
rel-(1R,4aS,8aR)-1,4a-dimethyl-7-(prop-1-en-2-yl)-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,8a-octahydronaphthalene
Constituent 9
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
rel-(3aR,6R,8aR)-7,7-dimethyl-8-methylenehexahydro-1H-3a,6-methanoazulen-3(2H)-one
Cas Number:
64550-95-4
Molecular formula:
C14H20O
IUPAC Name:
rel-(3aR,6R,8aR)-7,7-dimethyl-8-methylenehexahydro-1H-3a,6-methanoazulen-3(2H)-one
Constituent 10
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
rel-(1R,4aS,8aR)-1-isopropyl-4,7-dimethyl-1,2,4a,5,6,8a-hexahydronaphthalene
Cas Number:
31983-21-8
Molecular formula:
C15H24
IUPAC Name:
rel-(1R,4aS,8aR)-1-isopropyl-4,7-dimethyl-1,2,4a,5,6,8a-hexahydronaphthalene
Constituent 11
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
6-isopropyl-4,8a-dimethyl-1,2,3,7,8,8a-hexahydronaphthalene
Cas Number:
473-14-3
Molecular formula:
C15H24
IUPAC Name:
6-isopropyl-4,8a-dimethyl-1,2,3,7,8,8a-hexahydronaphthalene
Constituent 12
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
rel-(4R,4aR)-4,4a-dimethyl-6-(prop-1-en-2-yl)-1,2,3,4,4a,7-hexahydronaphthalene
Molecular formula:
C15H22
IUPAC Name:
rel-(4R,4aR)-4,4a-dimethyl-6-(prop-1-en-2-yl)-1,2,3,4,4a,7-hexahydronaphthalene
Constituent 13
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
rel-(1R,8aR)-1-isopropyl-4,7-dimethyl-1,2,3,5,6,8a-hexahydronaphthalene
Cas Number:
317819-82-2
Molecular formula:
C15H24
IUPAC Name:
rel-(1R,8aR)-1-isopropyl-4,7-dimethyl-1,2,3,5,6,8a-hexahydronaphthalene
Constituent 14
Reference substance name:
Likely sesquiterpine, MW 202
Molecular formula:
C15H22
IUPAC Name:
Likely sesquiterpine, MW 202
Constituent 15
Reference substance name:
Likely acetylated sesquiterpenes and acetylated sesquiterpene alcohols
IUPAC Name:
Likely acetylated sesquiterpenes and acetylated sesquiterpene alcohols
Constituent 16
Reference substance name:
Likely oxygenated sesquiterpenes
IUPAC Name:
Likely oxygenated sesquiterpenes
Constituent 17
Reference substance name:
Unknown constituent, MW 260
IUPAC Name:
Unknown constituent, MW 260
Test material form:
liquid
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Commercial Name: Vetiveryl Acetate 112 Extra
Givaudan Code No.: 0519103
Aspect: yellow to brownish yellow liquid
Lot No.: VE00389747
Expiration date: September 16, 2017

Study design

Oxygen conditions:
aerobic
Inoculum or test system:
activated sludge, domestic (adaptation not specified)
Details on inoculum:
Fresh activated sludge from a biological waste water treatment plant treating predominantly domestic sewage (Bois-de-Bay, Satigny, Switzerland) was used.
The sludge is collected in the morning, washed three times in the mineral medium, (by centriguging at 1000g for 10 minutes, discarding the supernatant and resuspending in mineral medium) and kept aerobic until being used on the same day.
Duration of test (contact time):
67 d
Initial test substance concentration
Initial conc.:
30 mg/L
Based on:
test mat.
Parameter followed for biodegradation estimation
Parameter followed for biodegradation estimation:
O2 consumption

Results and discussion

Test performance:
Degradation of sodium benzoate exceeded 40% after 7 days and 65% after 14 days: the activity of the inoculum was thus verified (validity criterion).
The repeatability validity criterion (not more than 20% difference between replicates) is fulfilled. Therefore, the test is considered valid.
% Degradationopen allclose all
Key result
Parameter:
% degradation (O2 consumption)
Value:
40
Sampling time:
28 d
Remarks on result:
other: mean result
Key result
Parameter:
% degradation (O2 consumption)
Value:
53
Sampling time:
67 d
Remarks on result:
other: mean result
Parameter:
% degradation (O2 consumption)
Value:
42
Sampling time:
28 d
Remarks on result:
other: Replicate 1
Parameter:
% degradation (O2 consumption)
Value:
39
Sampling time:
28 d
Remarks on result:
other: Replicate 2
Parameter:
% degradation (O2 consumption)
Value:
62
Sampling time:
67 d
Remarks on result:
other: Replicate 1
Parameter:
% degradation (O2 consumption)
Value:
44
Sampling time:
67 d
Remarks on result:
other: Replicate 2
Details on results:
Vetiveryl Acetate 112 Extra undergoes 40% biodegradation after 28 days (53% biodegradation after 67 days) in the test conditions.
Vetiveryl Acetate 112 Extra did inhibit the intrinsic respiration of the inoculum by more than 20% at the test concentration on the first day of the test. Slight toxicity towards the inoculum at test concentration can therefore not be excluded.
Thus, Vetiveryl Acetate 112 Extra should be regarded as not readily biodegradable according to this test.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Validity criteria fulfilled:
yes
Interpretation of results:
inherently biodegradable
Conclusions:
The Ready Biodegradability of Vetiveryl Acetate 112 Extra was determined by the Manometric Respirometry Test. Vetiveryl Acetate 112 Extra undergoes 40% biodegradation after 28 days. Thus, Vetiveryl Acetate 112 Extra should be regarded as not readily biodegradable according to this test. Vetiveryl Acetate 112 Extra did inhibit the intrinsic respiration of the inoculum by more than 20% at the test concentration on the first day of the test. Slight toxicity towards the inoculum at test concentration can therefore not be excluded.

Since degradation had not reached a plateau, the test was extended. A slight difference in behaviour between the two replicates was observed with degradation levels of 44 and 62% being achieved after 67 days. Based on the > 60% result for one replicate, it is considered that vetiveryl acetate and its underlying constituents are inherently and ultimately biodegradable and not expected to be persistent in the environment.

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