Registration Dossier

Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Currently viewing:

Administrative data

Link to relevant study record(s)

Reference
Endpoint:
toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is predicted using OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 and QMRF report has been attached
Reference:
Composition 0
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: estimated data
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction was done by using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3
GLP compliance:
not specified
Test material information:
Composition 1
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of test material : C.I. Direct Blue 218
- Molecular formula : C32H20Cu2N6Na4O16S4
- Molecular weight : 1087.82 g/mol
- Smiles notation : c12c3c(c(S(=O)(=O)[O-])cc1cc(S(=O)(=O)[O-])cc2N)N=Nc1ccc(cc1O[Cu]O3)c1cc2c(N=Nc3c(cc4c(c3O[Cu]O2)c(cc(c4)S(=O)(=O)[O-])N)S(=O)(=O)[O-])cc1.[Na+].[Na+].[Na+].[Na+]
- InChl : 1S/C32H24N6O16S4.2Cu.4Na/c33-19-11-17(55(43,44)45)5-15-9-25(57(49,50)51)29(31(41)27(15)19)37-35-21-3-1-13(7-23(21)39)14-2-4-22(24(40)8-14)36-38-30-26(58(52,53)54)10-16-6-18(56(46,47)48)12-20(34)28(16)32(30)42;;;;;;/h1-12,39-42H,33-34H2,(H,43,44,45)(H,46,47,48)(H,49,50,51)(H,52,53,54);;;;;;/q;2*+2;4*+1/p-8/b37-35-,38-36-;;;;;;
- Substance type: Organic
- Physical state: solid powder
Analytical monitoring:
not specified
Details on sampling:
No data available
Vehicle:
not specified
Details on test solutions:
No data available
Test organisms (species):
Desmodesmus subspicatus (previous name: Scenedesmus subspicatus)
Details on test organisms:
No data available
Test type:
static
Water media type:
freshwater
Total exposure duration:
72 h
Key result
Duration:
72 h
Dose descriptor:
EC50
Effect conc.:
105.121 mg/L
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
growth rate
Remarks on result:
other: No other data

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: EC50
Estimation method: Takes average value from the 5 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

((((((("a" or "b" )  and "c" )  and ("d" and ( not "e") )  )  and ("f" and ( not "g") )  )  and ("h" and ( not "i") )  )  and ("j" and ( not "k") )  )  and ("l" and "m" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non-covalent interaction AND Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation AND Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines AND Radical AND Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) AND Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines AND SN1 AND SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation AND SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as SN1 AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Primary aromatic amine by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Class 5 (Not possible to classify according to these rules) by Acute aquatic toxicity classification by Verhaar (Modified) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alkali Earth AND Non-Metals AND Transition Metals by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Halogens by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Not categorized by Repeated dose (HESS)

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as 3-Methylcholantrene (Hepatotoxicity) Alert OR 4,4'-Methylenedianilines/benzidines (Hepatobiliary toxicity) Rank B  OR Anilines (Hemolytic anemia with methemoglobinemia) Rank A OR Anilines (Hepatotoxicity) Rank C by Repeated dose (HESS)

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aliphatic Nitrogen, one aromatic attach [-N] AND Aromatic Carbon [C] AND Azo [-N=N-] AND Miscellaneous metal [Ni, Cu, Zr, Be] AND Miscellaneous sulfide (=S) or oxide (=O) AND Olefinic carbon [=CH- or =C<] AND Oxygen, one aromatic attach [-O-] AND Suflur {v+4} or {v+6} AND Sulfonate, aromatic attach [-SO2-O] by Organic functional groups (US EPA)

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Sulfone, aromatic attach [-SO2] by Organic functional groups (US EPA)

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aniline AND Azo AND Fused carbocyclic aromatic AND Overlapping groups AND Phenol AND Sulfonic acid by Organic Functional groups (nested)

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Cycloalkene by Organic Functional groups (nested)

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of Water Solubility which is >= -29.7 mg/L

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of Water Solubility which is <= 2.98E004 mg/L

Validity criteria fulfilled:
not specified
Conclusions:
EC 50 value of test chemical Tetrasodium [μ-[[3,3'-[(3,3'-dihydroxy[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[5-amino-4-hydroxynaphthalene-2,7-disulphonato]](8-)]]dicuprate(4-) was estimated to be 105.1mg/L when Desmodesmus subspicatus (previous name: Scenedesmus subspicatus) alga was exposed to test chemical for 72 hrs.
Executive summary:

Toxicity of test chemical Tetrasodium [μ-[[3,3'-[(3,3'-dihydroxy[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[5-amino-4-hydroxynaphthalene-2,7-disulphonato]](8-)]]dicuprate(4-) (CAS no. 28407 -37 -6) was estimated by using OECD QSAR tool box v3.3 with log Kow as primary descriptor and considering the seven closest read across substances. When test chemical was exposed for 72 hrs on Desmodesmus subspicatus (previous name: Scenedesmus subspicatus) alga, EC50 value was estimated to be 105.1 mg/L. By considering EC50 value it is concluded that test chemical Tetrasodium [μ-[[3,3'-[(3,3'-dihydroxy[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[5-amino-4-hydroxynaphthalene-2,7-disulphonato]](8-)]]dicuprate(4-) is not toxic to aquatic algae and can be considered as '' Not classified" according to CLP classification criteria.

Description of key information

Toxicity of test chemical Tetrasodium [μ-[[3,3'-[(3,3'-dihydroxy[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[5-amino-4-hydroxynaphthalene-2,7-disulphonato]](8-)]]dicuprate(4-) (CAS no. 28407 -37 -6) was estimated by using OECD QSAR tool box v3.3 with log Kow as primary descriptor and considering the seven closest read across substances. When test chemical was exposed for 72 hrs on Desmodesmus subspicatus (previous name: Scenedesmus subspicatus) alga, EC50 value was estimated to be 105.1 mg/L. By considering EC50 value it is concluded that test chemical Tetrasodium [μ-[[3,3'-[(3,3'-dihydroxy[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[5-amino-4-hydroxynaphthalene-2,7-disulphonato]](8-)]]dicuprate(4-) is not toxic to aquatic algae and can be considered as ''Not classified"according to CLP classification criteria.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

EC50/LC50 for freshwater algae:
105.1 mg/L

Additional information

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria:

Toxicity of test chemical Tetrasodium [μ-[[3,3'-[(3,3'-dihydroxy[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[5-amino-4-hydroxynaphthalene-2,7-disulphonato]](8-)]]dicuprate(4-) (CAS no. 28407 -37 -6) was estimated by using OECD QSAR tool box v3.3 with log Kow as primary descriptor and considering the seven closest read across substances. When test chemical was exposed for 72 hrs on Desmodesmus subspicatus (previous name: Scenedesmus subspicatus) alga, EC50 value was estimated to be 105.1 mg/L. By considering EC50 value it is concluded that test chemical Tetrasodium [μ-[[3,3'-[(3,3'-dihydroxy[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[5-amino-4-hydroxynaphthalene-2,7-disulphonato]](8-)]]dicuprate(4-) is not toxic to aquatic algae and can be considered as ''Not classified"according to CLP classification criteria.

The above prediction was supported by experimental study conducted by Sustainability Support Services (Europe) AB for the structurally similar read across substance N-benzyl-2-[(2,6-dimethylphenyl)amino]-N,N-diethyl-2-oxoethanaminium benzoate hydrate (CAS: 3734-33-6)

The effect of test substance Denatonium Benzoate (granular form), CAS No. 3734-33-6 was studied on the growth of fresh water green alga Chlorella vulgaris.The study was conducted following OECD guideline 201- Alga growth inhibition test. The test concentration chosen for the study were 6.25 mg/l, 12.5 mg/l, 25mg/l, 50 mg/l, 100mg/l and 200 mg/l. The test concentrations were prepared using stock solution of the test substance using mineral media. The green alga was exposed to the test concentration for a period of 72 hours to observe average specific growth rate and % growth inhibition under the effect of test substance. EC50 calculated graphically through probit analysis was observed to be 281.556mg/l.

The experimental data was further supported by experimental study conducted by Sustainability Support Services (Europe) AB for the structurally similar read across substance aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS:15790-07-5)

The effect of test item aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (15790-07-5) was studied on the growth of fresh water green alga Chlorella vulgaris. The study was conducted following OECD guideline 201- Alga, growth inhibition test. The test concentration chosen for the study were 6.25mg/L, 12.5mg/L, 25mg/L, 50mg/L, 100mg/L, 200mg/L. The test solution was prepared in aseptic condition. The test item Aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex was prepared by adding 50 mg of test item in 250 ml of BBM to get the final concentration of 200 mg/L. This stock solution was kept for stirring/sonication for 30 minutes to obtain a homogenous solution for the experiment. The test concentrations were chosen according to the available data of the test item. The concentrations chosen were set up to the water solubility limit. The remaining test solutions were prepared by dilution from the above stock solution. To have a better growth and visibility of cells, the initial of the culture was kept 1 X 104cells/ml. Care was taken to have a homogeneous solution for the experiment. Test was performed in static manner at proper requirement of pH and temperature.

By considering EC50 value it is concluded that test chemical Tetrasodium [μ-[[3,3'-[(3,3'-dihydroxy[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[5-amino-4-hydroxynaphthalene-2,7-disulphonato]](8-)]]dicuprate(4-) and its structurally similar read across substances it can be considered that the target chemical is not toxic to aquatic algae and can be considered as ''Not classified"according to CLP classification criteria.