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Description of key information

Acute oral toxicity: 

Acute oral toxicity dose (LD50) of 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (CAS no: 612-16-8) was predicted based on OECD QSAR toolbox 1707 mg/kg bw and different studies available on structurally similar read across substances Benzyl alcohol (100-51-6) 1230 mg/kg bw and 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol (105-13-5) 1200 mg/kg bw. All these studies concluded that the LD50 value is between 300-2000 mg/kg bw. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulation, 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol can be classified as category IV of acute oral toxicity.

Acute Dermal toxicity: 

Acute Dermal toxicity dose (LD50) for 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (CAS no: 612-16-8) was predicted based on OECD QSAR toolbox 2248 mg/kg bwand differentstudies available for the structurally similar read across substance Phenoxyethanol (122-99-6) 13000 mg/kg bw and 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol (105-13-5) 3000 mg/kg bw. All these studies concluded that the LD50 value is>2000 mg/kg bw. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulation, 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol can be classified as category V of acute dermal toxicity.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Acute toxicity: via oral route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is predicted using OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.4 and the supporting QMRF report has been attached
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: estimated data
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction is done using QSAR Toolbox version 3.4
GLP compliance:
not specified
Test type:
other: not specified
Limit test:
no
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name: 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol
- Molecular formula: C8H10O2
- Molecular weight: 136.168 mg/l
- Smiles:O(c1c(cccc1)CO)C
- InChI:1S/C8H10O2/c1-10-8-5-3-2-4-7(8)6-9/h2-5,9H,6H2,1H3
- Substance type:Organic
- Physical state:Liquid
Species:
rat
Strain:
Sprague-Dawley
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
not specified
Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on oral exposure:
not specified
Doses:
1707 mg/kg
No. of animals per sex per dose:
not specified
Control animals:
not specified
Details on study design:
not specified
Statistics:
not specified
Preliminary study:
not specified
Sex:
female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
1 707 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Remarks on result:
other: 50% mortality observed.
Mortality:
not specified
Clinical signs:
not specified
Body weight:
not specified
Gross pathology:
not specified
Other findings:
not specified

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: LD50
Estimation method: Takes average value from the 6 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

((((((((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" or "e" )  and ("f" and ( not "g") )  )  and ("h" and ( not "i") )  )  and ("j" and ( not "k") )  )  and "l" )  and "m" )  and ("n" and ( not "o") )  )  and ("p" and ( not "q") )  )  and ("r" and ( not "s") )  )  and ("t" and ( not "u") )  )  and ("v" and "w" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Benzyl Alcohols by Aquatic toxicity classification by ECOSAR

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alcohol AND Alkoxy AND Aryl AND Benzyl AND Ether by Organic Functional groups

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alkoxy AND Benzyl AND Ether AND Overlapping groups by Organic Functional groups (nested)

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aliphatic Carbon [CH] AND Aliphatic Carbon [-CH2-] AND Aliphatic Carbon [-CH3] AND Aromatic Carbon [C] AND Hydroxy, aliphatic attach [-OH] AND Olefinic carbon [=CH- or =C<] AND Oxygen, one aromatic attach [-O-] by Organic functional groups (US EPA)

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alcohol AND Alkylarylether AND Aromatic compound AND Ether AND Hydroxy compound AND Primary alcohol by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol)

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.4

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as AN2 OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures >> Flavonoids OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures >> Quinones and Trihydroxybenzenes OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition on alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition on alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds >> Four- and Five-Membered Lactones OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition reaction with cycloisomerization OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition reaction with cycloisomerization >> Hydrazine Derivatives OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation by aldehyde formed after metabolic activation OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation by aldehyde formed after metabolic activation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release >> Specific Acetate Esters OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation for aldehydes OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation for aldehydes >> Haloalkane Derivatives with Labile Halogen OR Non-covalent interaction OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Acridone, Thioxanthone, Xanthone and Phenazine Derivatives OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Coumarins OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> DNA Intercalators with Carboxamide and Aminoalkylamine Side Chain OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Fused-Ring Nitroaromatics OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon and Naphthalenediimide Derivatives OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Quinones and Trihydroxybenzenes OR Radical OR Radical >> Generation of ROS by glutathione depletion (indirect) OR Radical >> Generation of ROS by glutathione depletion (indirect) >> Haloalkanes Containing Heteroatom OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation >> Five-Membered Aromatic Nitroheterocycles OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Acridone, Thioxanthone, Xanthone and Phenazine Derivatives OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Anthrones OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Conjugated Nitro Compounds OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Coumarins OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Flavonoids OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Fused-Ring Nitroaromatics OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Hydrazine Derivatives OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Nitrophenols, Nitrophenyl Ethers and Nitrobenzoic Acids OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> p-Substituted Mononitrobenzenes OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Quinones and Trihydroxybenzenes OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Thiols OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Alkylation after metabolically formed carbenium ion species OR SN1 >> Alkylation after metabolically formed carbenium ion species >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon and Naphthalenediimide Derivatives OR SN1 >> Carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Carbenium ion formation >> Alpha-Haloethers OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium ion formation >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Conjugated Nitro Compounds OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Fused-Ring Nitroaromatics OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Nitrophenols, Nitrophenyl Ethers and Nitrobenzoic Acids OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> p-Substituted Mononitrobenzenes OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Acylation OR SN2 >> Acylation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group  OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group  >> Haloalkane Derivatives with Labile Halogen OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group after metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group after metabolic activation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after cyclization OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after cyclization >> Nitrogen and Sulfur Mustards OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon and Naphthalenediimide Derivatives OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom >> Haloalkane Derivatives with Labile Halogen OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom >> Haloalkanes Containing Heteroatom OR SN2 >> Alkylation, ring opening SN2 reaction OR SN2 >> Alkylation, ring opening SN2 reaction >> Four- and Five-Membered Lactones OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation >> Coumarins OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation >> Quinoline Derivatives OR SN2 >> Direct nucleophilic attack on diazonium cation OR SN2 >> Direct nucleophilic attack on diazonium cation >> Hydrazine Derivatives OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom >> Haloalkanes Containing Heteroatom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom after thiol (glutathione) conjugation OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom after thiol (glutathione) conjugation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom >> Quinoline Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 at sp3-carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at sp3-carbon atom >> Alpha-Haloethers by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.4

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, without OH or NH2 group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Moderate binder, OH grooup OR Non binder, impaired OH or NH2 group OR Non binder, MW>500 OR Strong binder, OH group OR Very strong binder, OH group OR Weak binder, OH group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by Protein binding by OASIS v1.4

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) carboxamide group OR Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) carboxamide group >> Carboxylic Acid Amides OR Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) ester group OR Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) ester group >> Arenecarboxylic Acid Esters OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Carbamates  OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Carboxylic Acid Amides OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> N-Carbonyl heteroaryl amines OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> N-Carbonylsulfonamides OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis >> Amides OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis or thiolysis OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis or thiolysis >> Activated aryl esters  OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis or thiolysis >> Carbamates  OR Acylation >> Ring opening acylation OR Acylation >> Ring opening acylation >> beta-Lactams  OR AN2 OR AN2 >> Michael addition to activated double bonds OR AN2 >> Michael addition to activated double bonds >> alpha,beta-Unsaturated Carbonyls and Related Compounds OR AN2 >> Michael addition to alpha, beta-unsaturated acids and esters OR AN2 >> Michael addition to alpha, beta-unsaturated acids and esters >> alpha,beta-Unsaturated Carboxylic Acids and Esters OR AN2 >> Michael type addition to activated double bond of pyrimidine bases OR AN2 >> Michael type addition to activated double bond of pyrimidine bases >> Pyrimidines and Purines OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition to quinoid structures  OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition to quinoid structures  >> Carboxylic Acid Amides OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition to quinoid structures  >> N-Substituted Aromatic Amines OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl group of pyrimidine and purine bases OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl group of pyrimidine and purine bases >> Pyrimidines and Purines OR Michael addition OR Michael addition >> Michael addition on alpha,beta-Unsaturated carbonyl compounds OR Michael addition >> Michael addition on alpha,beta-Unsaturated carbonyl compounds >> alpha,beta-Aldehydes  OR Michael addition >> Michael addition on conjugated systems with electron withdrawing group OR Michael addition >> Michael addition on conjugated systems with electron withdrawing group >> alpha,beta-Carbonyl compounds with polarized double bonds  OR Nucleophilic addition OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds >> Ketones OR Schiff base formation OR Schiff base formation >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl compounds OR Schiff base formation >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl compounds >> Aldehydes OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Cyanoalkylation of proteins via the nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom of cyanohydrins OR SN2 >> Cyanoalkylation of proteins via the nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom of cyanohydrins >> Cyanohydrins OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom >> alpha-Activated haloalkanes  OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution on benzilyc carbon atom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution on benzilyc carbon atom >> alpha-Activated benzyls  OR SN2 >> SN2 Reaction at a sp3 carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 Reaction at a sp3 carbon atom >> Activated alkyl esters and thioesters  OR SN2 >> Thiocyanate formation via the nucleophilic-type substitution at the disulfide bond of proteins and enzymes OR SN2 >> Thiocyanate formation via the nucleophilic-type substitution at the disulfide bond of proteins and enzymes >> Cyanohydrins OR SNAr OR SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution on activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds OR SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution on activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds >> Activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds by Protein binding by OASIS v1.4

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Class 3 (unspecific reactivity) by Acute aquatic toxicity classification by Verhaar (Modified) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Basesurface narcotics by Acute aquatic toxicity MOA by OASIS ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non-Metals by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Halogens by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group 14 - Carbon C AND Group 16 - Oxygen O by Chemical elements

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group 15 - Nitrogen N by Chemical elements

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alcohol AND Alkoxy AND Aryl AND Benzyl AND Ether by Organic Functional groups

Domain logical expression index: "s"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alkane, branched with tertiary carbon OR Alkyl arenes OR Allyl OR Biphenyl OR Cycloalkane OR Dihydroxyl group OR Furane OR Isopropyl by Organic Functional groups

Domain logical expression index: "t"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alcohol AND Alkylarylether AND Aromatic compound AND Ether AND Hydroxy compound AND Primary alcohol by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol)

Domain logical expression index: "u"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Diarylether by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol)

Domain logical expression index: "v"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= 1.08

Domain logical expression index: "w"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= 2.97

Interpretation of results:
Category 4 based on GHS criteria
Conclusions:
LD50 was estimated to be 1707 mg/kg bw, when Sprague-Dawley female rats were treated with 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (CAS no: 612-16-8) via oral gavage route.
Executive summary:

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the acute oral toxicity was estimated for 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (CAS no: 612-16-8). The LD50 was estimated to be 1707 mg/kg bw, when Sprague-Dawley female rats were treated with 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol via oral gavage route.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Value:
1 707 mg/kg bw
Quality of whole database:
Data is Klimisch 2 and from QSAR toolbox 3.4

Acute toxicity: via inhalation route

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Acute toxicity: via dermal route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is predicted using OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.4 and the supporting QMRF report has been attached
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: estimated data
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction is done using QSAR Toolbox version 3.4
GLP compliance:
not specified
Test type:
other: not specified
Limit test:
no
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name: 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol
- Molecular formula: C8H10O2
- Molecular weight: 136.168 mg/l
- Smiles:O(c1c(cccc1)CO)C
- InChI:1S/C8H10O2/c1-10-8-5-3-2-4-7(8)6-9/h2-5,9H,6H2,1H3
- Substance type:Organic
- Physical state:Liquid
Species:
rat
Strain:
other: CFY
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
not specified
Type of coverage:
occlusive
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on dermal exposure:
not specified
Duration of exposure:
24 h
Doses:
2248 mg/kg
No. of animals per sex per dose:
not specified
Control animals:
not specified
Details on study design:
not specified
Statistics:
not specified
Preliminary study:
not specified
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
2 248 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Remarks on result:
other: 50% mortality was observed.
Mortality:
not specified
Clinical signs:
not specified
Body weight:
not specified
Gross pathology:
not specified
Other findings:
not specified

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: LD50
Estimation method: Takes average value from the 5 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" or "e" )  and ("f" and ( not "g") )  )  and ("h" and "i" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Benzyl Alcohols by Aquatic toxicity classification by ECOSAR

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alcohol AND Alkoxy AND Aryl AND Benzyl AND Ether by Organic Functional groups

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alkoxy AND Benzyl AND Ether AND Overlapping groups by Organic Functional groups (nested)

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aliphatic Carbon [CH] AND Aliphatic Carbon [-CH2-] AND Aliphatic Carbon [-CH3] AND Aromatic Carbon [C] AND Hydroxy, aliphatic attach [-OH] AND Olefinic carbon [=CH- or =C<] AND Oxygen, one aromatic attach [-O-] by Organic functional groups (US EPA)

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alcohol AND Alkylarylether AND Aromatic compound AND Ether AND Hydroxy compound AND Primary alcohol by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol)

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by Protein binding by OASIS v1.4

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Nucleophilic addition OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds >> Ketones by Protein binding by OASIS v1.4

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= 1.1

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= 1.52

Interpretation of results:
Category 5 based on GHS criteria
Conclusions:
LD50 was estimated to be 2248 mg/kg bw, when CFY male and female rat was treated with 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (CAS no: 612-16-8) for 24 hours by dermal application occlusively.
Executive summary:

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the acute dermal toxicity was estimated for 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (CAS no: 612-16-8). The LD50 was estimated to be 2248 mg/kg bw, when CFY male and female rat was treated with 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol for 24 hours by dermal application occlusively.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Value:
2 248 mg/kg bw
Quality of whole database:
Data is Klimisch 2 and from QSAR toolbox 3.4

Additional information

Acute oral toxicity:

In different studies, 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (CAS no: 612-16-8) has been investigated for acute oral toxicity to a greater or lesser extent. Often are the studies based on in-vivo experiments in rodents, i.e. most commonly in rats for 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol along with the study available on structurally similar read across substances Benzyl alcohol (100-51-6) and 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol (105-13-5). The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental studies. The studies are summarized as below –

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the acute oral toxicity was estimated for 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (CAS no: 612-16-8). The LD50 was estimated to be 1707 mg/kg bw, when Sprague-Dawley female rats were treated with 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol via oral gavage route.

The above study is supported by D. L. J. Opdyke (Food and Cosmetics Toxicology, Volume 11, Issue 6, December 1973, Pages 1011-1013), for the structurally similar read across substance Benzyl alcohol (100-51-6). Acute oral toxicity study was conducted in rat at the concentration of 1230 mg/kg. 50% mortality was observed at 1230 mg/kg bw. Therefore, LD50 was considered to be 1230 mg/kg bw, when rat was treated with Benzyl alcohol via oral route.

This study is further supported by D. L. J. Opdyke (Food and Cosmetics Toxicology, Volume 12, Issues 7–8, December 1974, Page 825), for the structurally similar read across substance4-methoxybenzyl alcohol (105-13-5).Acute oral toxicity study was conducted in rat at the concentration of 1200 mg/kg. 50% mortality was observed at 1200 mg/kg bw. Therefore, LD50 was considered to be 1200 mg/kg bw, when rat was treated with 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol via oral route.

 

Thus, based on the above studies on 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (CAS no: 612-16-8) and it’s read across substances, it can be concluded that LD50 value is between 300-2000 mg/kg bw. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulation, 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol can be classified as category IV of acute oral toxicity.

Acute Dermal toxicity:

In different studies, 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (CAS no: 612-16-8) has been investigated for acute dermal toxicity to a greater or lesser extent. Often are the studies based on in vivo experiments in rodents, i.e. most commonly in rabbits and rats for 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol along with the study available on the structurally similar read across substance Phenoxyethanol (122-99-6) and 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol (105-13-5). The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental studies. The studies are summarized as below –

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the acute dermal toxicity was estimated for 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (CAS no: 612-16-8). The LD50 was estimated to be 2248 mg/kg bw, when CFY male and female rat was treated with 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol for 24 hours by dermal application occlusively.

This study is supported by Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel (Journal of the American College of Toxicology, Volume: 9 issue: 2, page(s): 259-277, March 1, 1990), for the structurally similar read across substance Phenoxyethanol (122-99-6). Acute dermal toxicity study of was conducted in 10 CFY strain male/female rats at the concentration ranged from 1000-22200 mg/kg bw. The undiluted Phenoxyethanol was applied to the dorsolumbar region under an occlusive patch such that 10% of the total body surface was covered. The test material was remained in contact with the skin for 24 h. Animals were observed for mortality and gross examinations. Mortality occurred at 21-48 h after dosing. Hemorrhagic lungs were observed at necropsy. Therefore, LD50 was considered to be 13000 mg/kg with confidential limit of 10300-15400 mg/kg bw, when CFY strain male/female rats were treated with Phenoxyethanol by dermal application to the dorsolumbar region under an occlusive patch.

The above study is further supported by D. L. J. Opdyke (Food and Cosmetics Toxicology, Volume 12, Issues 7–8, December 1974, Page 825), for the structurally similar read across substance 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol (105-13-5).Acute dermal toxicity study was conducted in rabbit at the concentration of 3000 mg/kg (Range of 1940-4060 mg/kg). 50% mortality was observed at 3000 mg/kg. Therefore, LD50 was considered to be 3000 mg/kg with confidential limit of 1940-4060 mg/kg bw, when rabbit was treated with 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol by dermal application.

Thus, based on the above studies on 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (CAS no: 612-16-8) and it’s read across substances, it can be concluded that LD50 value is >2000 mg/kg bw. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulation, 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol can be classified as category V of acute dermal toxicity.

Justification for classification or non-classification

Based on the above studies and prediction on 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol (CAS no: 612-16-8) and it’s read across substances, it can be concluded that LD50 value is between 300-2000 mg/kg bw for acute oral and >2000 mg/kg bw for acute dermal toxicity. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulation, 2-Methoxybenzyl alcohol can be classified as category IV for acute oral and category V for acute dermal toxicity.