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Administrative data

phototransformation in air
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
other information
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Summary report on EU risk assessment, peer-reviewed

Data source

Reference Type:
review article or handbook
European Union Risk Assessment Report - ANTHRACENE [CAS No: 120-12-7] - FINAL APPROVED VERSION
European Union / Greece
Bibliographic source:
European Communities []
Report date:

Materials and methods

Principles of method if other than guideline:
not applicable: summary report - review
GLP compliance:
not specified

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
EC Number:
EC Name:
Cas Number:
Molecular formula:

Results and discussion

Any other information on results incl. tables

From European Union / Greece (2008):

A relative-rate method with gas chromatography and long-path differential optical-absorption spectroscopy was used to detect rate constant (1.3 x 1010cm3/mol. s) at 298 K. At an assumed OH bulk concentration of 1 x 106molecule/cm3, this rate constant leads to atmospheric lifetimes of approximately 2 h (Biermann et al., 1985).

The rate constant for the vapour-phase reaction of anthracene with photochemically produced hydroxyl radicals has been measured to be 1.12 x 10-10cm3/molecule.sec at 52 °C. This corresponds to an atmospheric half-life of about 3.4 hours at an atmospheric concentration of 5 x 105 hydroxyl radicals per cm3(Atkinson et al, 1989).

KOH for anthracene is 1.30.10-10 as the reaction rate is recalculated to match the reaction rate constant for reaction with NO3 radicals (EC, 2001b) (Slooff et al. (1989).

Gas-particle phase partitioning (EC, 2001) for anthracene gives a vapour pressure Pa (a) x 10-4. The lifetime of anthracene with respect to gas-phase reaction with hydroxyl (OH) radicals, nitrate (NO3) radicals and ozone (O3) (EC, 2001b) was 2.1 hours for summer and 10 hours for winter.

Summary of gas-particle phase partitioning given by EC, (2001) for anthracene which has 3 rings is3% (measurements made in Oslo, January/February 1979, Thrane and Mikalsen, 1981) and 0.5% (measurements made in Torrance, California, February 1986, Arey et al., 1987) with a vapour pressure of 8.7 x10-4 Pa and with a vapour pressure of 9.4 x10-4 Pa (at 25 °C, Sonnefeld et al.1983).

Representative lifetimes of anthracene with respect to gas-phase reaction with hydroxyl (OH) radicals are calculated to be 2.1 hours for summer and 10 hours for winter using rate coefficients summarised by Atkinson and Arey (1994) and Brubaker and Hites (1998).

24 hour-average summer and winter OH concentrations of 1 x 106molecule cm-3(0.04 pptv) and 2 x 105molecule cm-3(0.008 pptv) are assumed for boundary layer UK (Collins et al., 1995).

Applicant's summary and conclusion