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EC number: 701-186-2 | CAS number: -
Based on available guidelines on route-to-route extrapolation of toxicity data when assessing health risks of chemicals, an extrapolation based on the acute oral toxicity data is calculated for the inhalation route.
From the available data on two acute oral toxicity studies, it is concluded that the oral LD50 for the substance is greater than 2000 mg/kg bw (study 1: no mortality was observed) and greater from 10000 mg/kg bw (study 2: mortality was observed). As recommended in the corresponding guidelines, where data from the oral route is being used as the starting point, if no data are available on oral bioavailability, it is appropriate to assume that 100% of an orally administered dose is systemically available. Since no data is available on inhalation absorption, the most precautionary default would be to assume 100% absorption by this route.
Based on this acute oral toxicity data, an oral NOAEL may be identified as greater than 10000 mg/kg bw. This NOAEL can be modified into an inhalation NOAEL using a route-to-route extrapolation based on the assumptions stated above. Taking into account an exposure of 4 hours for the acute inhalation toxicity study, the value of the oral LD50 is divided by the default physiological parameter under the allometric scaling principle which is approximately 0.2 m3/kg bw for rats. This extrapolation leads to a value of 10 mg/l (study 1) and 50 mg/l (study 2). Therefore, the 4 -h LC50 would be greater than 10 -50 mg/l.
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