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Biodegradation in water: screening tests

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Reference
Endpoint:
biodegradation in water: screening tests
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
The supporting QMRF report has been attached.
Reference:
Composition 1
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 301 C (Ready Biodegradability: Modified MITI Test (I))
Principles of method if other than guideline:
The prediction was done by using OECD QSAR tool box v3.3
GLP compliance:
not specified
Test material information:
Composition 1
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of test material: 4-acetamido-5-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]anthranilic acid, sodium salt
- IUPAC name: 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium
- Molecular formula: C16H18N4O10S3.x-Na
- Molecular weight: 566.4984 g/mole
- Smiles:S(=O)(=O)(c1cc(c(cc1N)NC(=O)C)/N=N/c1ccc(S(=O)(=O)CCOS(=O)(=O)[O-])cc1)[O-].[Na+].[Na+]
- Inchl: 1S/C16H18N4O10S3.2Na/c1-10(21)18-14-8-13(17)16(32(24,25)26)9-15(14)20-19-11-2-4-12(5-3-11)31(22,23)7-6-30-33(27,28)29;;/h2-5,8-9H,6-7,17H2,1H3,(H,18,21)(H,24,25,26)(H,27,28,29);;/q;2*+1/p-2/b20-19+;;
- Substance type: Organic
- Physical state: solid powder
Oxygen conditions:
aerobic
Inoculum or test system:
other: Microorganisms
Duration of test (contact time):
28 d
Parameter followed for biodegradation estimation:
other: BOD
Key result
Parameter:
other: % biodegradation (BOD)
Value:
13.6
Sampling time:
28 d
Remarks on result:
other: other details not available
Details on results:
The target chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium undergoes 13.60 % biodegrdation by considering BOD as parameter in 28 days.

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: BOD
Estimation method: Takes average value from the 5 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

(((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" or "e" or "f" )  and ("g" and ( not "h") )  )  and "i" )  and "j" )  and ("k" and ( not "l") )  )  and ("m" and "n" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Anilines (Acute toxicity) AND Not categorized AND Vinyl Sulfones by US-EPA New Chemical Categories

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found AND SN1 AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic azo by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, non cyclic structure AND Strong binder, NH2 group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation AND Acylation >> Ester aminolysis AND Acylation >> Ester aminolysis >> Amides AND No alert found by Protein binding by OASIS v1.3

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acetates AND No alert found by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acid moiety OR Amides OR Anilines (Hindered) OR Inorganic Compound OR Salt by Aquatic toxicity classification by ECOSAR ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as AN2 OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures >> Quinones OR Non-covalent interaction OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Amino Anthraquinones OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> DNA Intercalators with Carboxamide Side Chain OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Quinones OR Radical OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Amino Anthraquinones OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Hydrazine Derivatives OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> p-Aminobiphenyl Analogs OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Quinones OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> Amino Anthraquinones OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> p-Aminobiphenyl Analogs OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as days - weeks by Biodeg primary (Biowin 4) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Reactive unspecified by Acute aquatic toxicity MOA by OASIS ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Inorganic chemical AND Not covered by current version of the decision tree AND Not known precedent reproductive and developmental toxic potential by DART scheme v.1.0

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alkyl amide, urea, thiourea, nitroso urea, carbonate, guanidine and carbamate derivatives (21b1) OR Alkyl amide, urea, thiourea, nitroso urea, carbonate, guanidine and carbamate derivatives (21b1) >> Alkyl formamide analogs OR Aryl, heteroaryl substituted sulfonamides (10a) OR Known precedent reproductive and developmental toxic potential OR NO2-alkyl/NO2-benzene derivatives (8b) OR Toluene and small alkyl toluene derivatives (8a) by DART scheme v.1.0

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of Molecular weight which is >= 207 Da

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of Molecular weight which is <= 272 Da

Validity criteria fulfilled:
not specified
Interpretation of results:
not readily biodegradable
Conclusions:
The target chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium undergoes 13.60 % biodegrdation by considering BOD as parameter and microorganisms as inoculum in 28 days. Based on percent biodegradability it is concluded that test chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium is not readily biodegradable.
Executive summary:

Biodegradability of test chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium (CAS no. 94158-82-4) is predicted using OECD QSAR tool box v.3.3 using log Kow as primary descriptor. The test chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium undergoes 13.60 % biodegrdation by considering BOD as parameter and microorganisms as inoculum in 28 days. Based on percent biodegradability it is concluded that test chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium is not readily biodegradable.

Description of key information

Biodegradability of test chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium (CAS no. 94158-82-4) is predicted using OECD QSAR tool box v.3.3 using log Kow as primary descriptor. The test chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium undergoes 13.60 % biodegradation by considering BOD as parameter and microorganisms as inoculum in 28 days. Based on percent biodegradability it is concluded that test chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium is not readily biodegradable.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Biodegradation in water:
under test conditions no biodegradation observed

Additional information

Predicted data for target compound 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium (CAS no. 94158-82-4) and supporting weight of evidence studies for its closest read across chemicals with log Kow as a primary descriptor were reviewed for the biodegradation endpoint which are summarized as below.

Biodegradability of test chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium (CAS no. 94158-82-4) is predicted using OECD QSAR tool box v.3.3 using log Kow as primary descriptor. The test chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium undergoes 13.60 % biodegradation by considering BOD as parameter and microorganisms as inoculum in 28 days. Based on percent biodegradability it is concluded that test chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium is not readily biodegradable.

Next prediction done by using Estimation Programs Interface Suite (EPI suite, 2017) to estimate the biodegradation potential of the test compound 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium (CAS no. 94158-82-4) in the presence of mixed populations of environmental microorganisms. The biodegradability of the substance was calculated using seven different models such as Linear Model, Non-Linear Model, Ultimate Biodegradation Timeframe, Primary Biodegradation Timeframe, MITI Linear Model, MITI Non-Linear Model and Anaerobic Model (called as Biowin 1-7, respectively) of the BIOWIN v4.10 software. The results indicate that chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium is expected to be not readily biodegradable.

In a supporting weight of evidence study done from authoritative database J Check, 2017 for read across chemical sodium 4-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonate (CAS no. 6034-54-4) biodegradation experiment was carried out by taking activated sludge as inoculums at 30 mg/L concentration. Biodegradation was analysed by using BOD, TOC and HPLC parameters. The initial concentration of read across chemical was 100 mg/L.The read across chemical sodium 4-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonate showed 2% biodegradation by BOD parameter and 0% biodegradation by both TOC and HPLC parameter in 14 days. Based on percent biodegradation it is concluded that read across chemical sodium 4-acetamidobenzene-1-sulfonate is not readily biodegradable.

In another supporting weight of evidence study done from same source as mentioned above (J check, 2017) for read across chemical N-Butyl-benzenesulfonamide (CAS no. 3622-84 -2) biodegradation experiment was performed by taking sludge as inoculums at 30 mg/L concentration. Biodegradation was analysed by using BOD, TOC and HPLC parameters. The initial concentration of read across chemical was 100 mg/L.The read across chemical N-Butyl-benzenesulfonamide showed 1% biodegradation by TOC parameter and 0.0% degradation by other two parameters i.e., BOD and HPLC in 28 days. Based on percent biodegradability it is concluded that read across chemical N-Butyl-benzenesulfonamide is not readily biodegradable.

On the basis of above results for target chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium (CAS no. 94158-82-4) from ( EPI suite 2017 and OECD QSAR tool box v3.3 2017) and for its read across substances (from authoritative database) the target chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium can be expected to be not readily biodegradable.