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Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
20.10.2015-22.04.2016
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2016
Report date:
2016

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.13/14 (Mutagenicity - Reverse Mutation Test Using Bacteria)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Trisodium 7-[[4-chloro-6-[(3-sulphonatophenyl)amino]-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]methylamino]-4-hydroxy-3-[(2-sulphonatophenyl)azo]naphthalene-2-sulphonate
EC Number:
274-418-9
EC Name:
Trisodium 7-[[4-chloro-6-[(3-sulphonatophenyl)amino]-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]methylamino]-4-hydroxy-3-[(2-sulphonatophenyl)azo]naphthalene-2-sulphonate
Cas Number:
70210-21-8
Molecular formula:
C26H20ClN7O10S3.3Na
IUPAC Name:
trisodium 7-[[4-chloro-6-[(3-sulphonatophenyl)amino]-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]methylamino]-4-hydroxy-3-[(2-sulphonatophenyl)azo]naphthalene-2-sulphonate
impurity 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Sodium chloride
EC Number:
231-598-3
EC Name:
Sodium chloride
Cas Number:
7647-14-5
Molecular formula:
ClNa
IUPAC Name:
sodium chloride
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Reactive Orange 5- Physical state: solid, powder- Analytical purity: 90% (w/w)- Impurities (identity and concentrations): NaCl (CAS: 7647-14-5) 10% (w/w)- Composition of test material, percentage of components:- Lot/batch No.: 8001- Expiration date of the lot/batch: unlisted- Storage condition of test material: The test substance should be stored in dry room in dark in closed container at the room temperature.

Method

Target gene:
gene for histidine or tryptophan synthesis
Species / strainopen allclose all
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Species / strain / cell type:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
supernatant of rat liver and a mixture of cofactors.
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
50, 150, 500, 1500, 5000 µgSelection of doses/toxicity: 2 mL of water for injection was added to 100 mg of the test substance to reach the maximum dose recommended in guidelines - 5000 µg per plate
Vehicle / solvent:
Water for injection, Ardeapharma, Lot. No.: 1501210041, exp. 01/2017 - Justification for choice of solvent/vehicle: solubility of the substance
Controls
Untreated negative controls:
yes
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
sodium azide
N-ethyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine
other: 4-nitro-o-phenylenediamine 2-aminofluorene 2-aminoanthracene 9-aminoacridine hydrochloride monohydrate
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
The bacterial tester strains Salmonella typhimurium TA 1535 (CCM 3814, lot. No. 2101200916917), TA 98 (CCM 3811, lot No. 01022001220053), TA 100 (CCM 3812, lot No. 0102201220054) and TA 1537 (CCM 3815, lot No. 2101200916918) as well as Escherichia coli WP2 uvrA (CCM 4751, lot No. 2104200512732), - were obtained from Czech Collection of Microorganisms (CCM) of Masaryk University, Brno.Strains TA 98 and TA 1537 detect frame shift mutations, strains TA 100 and TA 1535 serve to detection of base-pair substitution mutations, and strain E.coli WP2 uvrA detects cross-linking mutagensMETHOD OF APPLICATION: in agar (plate incorporation)NUMBER OF REPLICATIONS: two seriesDETERMINATION OF CYTOTOXICITY- Method: relative total growth
Evaluation criteria:
The main criterion for evaluation of results was modified two-fold increase rule, which is compatible with the application of statistical methods (2, 3). After this rule the result is positive, if a reproducible dose-response effect occurs and/or a doubling of the ratio Rt/Rc is reached.
Statistics:
For the evaluation of results, the modified two-fold increase rule was used, which is compatible with the application of statistical methods:Dunkel V. C.. Chu K.C. (1980): Evaluation of methods for analysis of microbial mutagenicity assays. in The Predictive Value of Short-Term Screening Tests in Carcinogenicity Evaluation. Elsevier North-Holland Biomedical Press. 231 - 417Claxton L. D. et al. (1987): Guide for the Salmonella typhimurium/mammalian microsome tests for bacterial mutagenicity. Mutat. Res. 189. 83 - 91

Results and discussion

Test resultsopen allclose all
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
not determined
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1537
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
not determined
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 98
Metabolic activation:
without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
not determined
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Key result
Species / strain:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
not determined
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Additional information on results:
HISTORICAL CONTROL DATAEach experiment included corresponding positive (reference mutagens) and negative controls (untreated control, solvent control). Untreated controls contain no solvent and negative controls contain 0.1 mL of water for injection. All the control numbers were compared with historical ranges of mutant frequencies obtained in our laboratory. The actual numbers were in ranges of the historical numbers. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CYTOTOXICITY: For toxicity experiment, the starting solution (5000 µg/0.1 mL) was diluted to concentration series 10 – 5000 µg per plate. The concentration row was tested for toxicity in strain TA 98 without metabolic activation. No toxicity of the test substance or precipitation was observed at evaluation so the dose of 5000 µg per plate was used as maximum for the first mutagenicity experiments as well. The maximum concentration was diluted according to the rules given in guidelines (five different analysable concentrations with approximately half log ,i.e. approximately 10, intervals between test points). The doses used were 50, 150, 500, 1500 and 5000 µg per plate

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Under the above-described experimental design, the test substance, Reactive Orange 5, was non mutagenic for all the Salmonella typhimurium as well as Escherichia coli strains with as well as without metabolic activation.
Executive summary:

The test substance Reactive Orange 5 was assayed for the mutagenicity by the Bacterial Reverse Mutation Test. The performed test was based on EU method B.13/14 Mutagenicity – Reverse mutation test using bacteria,which is analogous to the OECD Test Guideline No. 471.

Four indicator Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 98, TA 100, TA 1535, TA 1537 and one indicator Escherichia coli WP2 uvrA strain were used. The test substance was diluted in water for injection and assayed in doses of 50 – 5000 µg per plate, which were applied to plates in volume of 0.1 mL.

Experiments were performed without as well as with metabolic activation with a supernatant of rat liver and a mixture of cofactors. The second experiments were performed with pre-incubation for 30 minutes at 37°C and shaking.

Under the above-described experimental design, the test substance, Reactive Orange 5, was non-mutagenic for all the used bacterial strains with as well as without metabolic activation.

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