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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

Inhalation : No treatment necessary under normal conditions of use. If
symptoms persist, obtain medical advice.
Skin Contact : Remove contaminated clothing. Flush exposed area with water and follow by washing with soap if available.
Eye Contact : Flush eye with copious quantities of water. If persistent
irritation occurs, obtain medical attention.
Ingestion : In general no treatment is necessary unless large quantities
are swallowed, however, get medical advice.

Fire-fighting measures

Clear fire area of all non-emergency personnel.

Specific Hazards: Carbon monoxide may be evolved if incomplete combustion occurs.
Extinguishing Media: Foam, water spray or fog. Dry chemical powder, carbon dioxide, sand or earth may be used for small fires only.
Unsuitable Extinguishing Media: Do not use water in a jet.
Protective Equipment for Firefighters : Wear full protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus.
Additional Advice: Keep adjacent containers cool by spraying with water.

Accidental release measures

Observe all relevant local and international regulations.
Protective Measures : Avoid contact with spilled or released material. Immediately
remove all contaminated clothing. Use the following as appropriate: Notify authorities if any exposure to the general public or the environment occurs or is likely to occur. Local authorities should be advised if significant spillages cannot be contained. Keep animals off contaminated vegetation. Stay upwind and keep out of low areas. Be ready for fire or possible exposure. Prevent from spreading or entering into drains, ditches or rivers by using sand, earth, or other appropriate barriers. Use appropriate containment to avoid environmental contamination. Ventilate contaminated area thoroughly. Clean Up Methods : For large liquid spills (> 1 drum), transfer by mechanical means such as vacuum truck to a salvage tank for recovery or safe
disposal. Do not flush away residues with water. Retain as contaminated waste. Allow residues to evaporate or soak up
with an appropriate absorbent material and dispose of safely. Remove contaminated soil and dispose of safely.
For small liquid spills (< 1 drum), transfer by mechanical means to a labelled, sealable container for product recovery or safe disposal. Allow residues to evaporate or soak up with an appropriate absorbent material and dispose of safely. Remove contaminated soil and dispose of safely.

Handling and storage

General Precautions : Avoid breathing vapours or contact with material. Only use in well ventilated areas. Wash thoroughly after handling.
Handling : Do not empty into drains.
Storage : Bulk storage tanks should be diked (bunded). Vapours from tanks should not be released to atmosphere. Breathing losses
during storage should be controlled by a suitable vapour treatment system. Nitrogen blanket recommended for large
tanks (capacity 100 m3 or higher). Storage Temperature : 45°C maximum.
Insulation (lagging) will minimize heat loss in areas of low ambient temperature. Tanks should be fitted with heating coils in areas where ambient conditions can result in handling temperatures below the freezing point/pour point of the product. Tanks should be fitted with heating coils.
Product Transfer : Keep containers closed when not in use. Do not use compressed air for filling, discharging or handling.
Recommended Materials : Stainless steel. Epoxy resins. Polyester.
Unsuitable Materials : Aluminium. Copper. Copper alloys.
Container Advice : Containers, even those that have been emptied, can contain explosive vapours. Do not cut, drill, grind, weld or perform
similar operations on or near containers.
Additional Information : Ensure that all local regulations regarding handling and storage
facilities are followed.

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

UK Workplace Exposure Limits None established.
Additional Information: Wash hands before eating, drinking, smoking and using the toilet. Launder contaminated clothing before re-use.
Exposure Controls : The level of protection and types of controls necessary will vary depending upon potential exposure conditions. Select controls based on a risk assessment of local circumstances. Appropriate measures include: Adequate ventilation to control airborne concentrations. Local exhaust ventilation is recommended. Eye washes and showers for emergency use.
Personal Protective Equipment : Personal protective equipment (PPE) should meet recommended national standards. Check with PPE suppliers.
Respiratory Protection: Select a filter suitable for combined particulate/organic gases and vapours [boiling point >65 °C (149 °F)] meeting EN141 (AS/NZS:1716). If engineering controls do not maintain airborne concentrations to a level which is adequate to protect worker health, select respiratory protection equipment suitable for the specific conditions of use and meeting relevant legislation. Check with respiratory protective equipment suppliers. Where air-filtering respirators are suitable, select an appropriate combination of mask and filter. Where air-filtering respirators are unsuitable (e.g., airborne concentrations are high, risk of oxygen deficiency, confined space) use appropriate positive pressure breathing apparatus.
Hand Protection : Where hand contact with the product may occur the use of gloves approved to relevant standards (e.g. Europe: EN374, US: F739, AS/NZS:2161) made from the following materials may provide suitable chemical protection:
Incidental contact/Splash protection: Nitrile rubber gloves Suitability and durability of a glove is dependent on usage, e.g. frequency and duration of contact, chemical resistance of glove material, glove thickness, dexterity. Always seek advice from glove suppliers. Contaminated gloves should be replaced.
Personal hygiene is a key element of effective hand care. Gloves must only be worn on clean hands. After using gloves, hands should be washed and dried thoroughly. Application of a non-perfumed moisturizer is recommended.
Eye Protection: Chemical splash goggles (chemical monogoggles). Approved to EU Standard EN166, AS/NZS:1337.
Protective Clothing : Chemical resistant gloves/gauntlets, boots, and apron (where risk of splashing).
Monitoring Methods: Monitoring of the concentration of substances in the breathing zone of workers or in the general workplace may be required to confirm compliance with an OEL and adequacy of exposure controls. For some substances biological monitoring may also be appropriate.
Environmental Exposure Controls : Where material is heated, sprayed or mist formed, there is greater potential for airborne concentrations to be generated.

Stability and reactivity

Stability: Oxidises on contact with air. Stable up to 45 degrees C
Conditions to Avoid: Temperatures above 45°C
Materials to Avoid: Copper. Copper alloys. Aluminium. Strong oxidising agents.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: None expected under normal use conditions.

Disposal considerations

Material Disposal : Recover or recycle if possible. It is the responsibility of the waste generator to determine the toxicity and physical properties of the material generated to determine the proper waste classification and disposal methods in compliance with applicable regulations.
Do not dispose into the environment, in drains or in water courses. Waste product should not be allowed to contaminate soil or water.
Container Disposal: Drain container thoroughly. After draining, vent in a safe place away from sparks and fire. Residues may cause an explosion hazard. Do not puncture, cut or weld uncleaned drums. Send to drum recoverer or metal reclaimer.
Local Legislation :Disposal should be in accordance with applicable regional, national, and local laws and regulations. Local regulations may be more stringent than regional or national requirements and must be complied with.