Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Description of key information

Acute oral toxicity

LD50 was estimated to be 4439.30mg/kg bw, when rats were exposed with Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7) orally.

Acute dermal toxicity

LD50 was estimated to be 6696.37mg/kg bw.When male and female New Zealand White rabbits were exposed with Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7) by dermal application.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Acute toxicity: via oral route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is from OECD QSAR toolbox v3.4 and the QMRF report has been attached.
Reference:
Composition 1
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to
Guideline:
other: As mentioned below
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction was done using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.4, 2017
GLP compliance:
not specified
Test type:
other: not specified
Limit test:
no
Test material information:
Composition 1
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Name of the test chemical: (2E)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-yl 2-phenylacetate
Common Name: Geranyl phenylacetate
Molecular formula: C18H24O2
Molecular weight: 272.3856 g/mol
Smiles Notation: c1(CC(OC\C=C(\CC\C=C(\C)C)C)=O)ccccc1
InChI: 1S/C18H24O2/c1-15(2)8-7-9-16(3)12-13-20-18(19)14-17-10-5-4-6-11-17/h4-6,8,10-12H,7,9,13-14H2,1-3H3/b16-12+
Substance Type: Organic
Physical State: Liquid (colorless)
Species:
rat
Strain:
not specified
Sex:
not specified
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
No data available
Route of administration:
oral: unspecified
Vehicle:
not specified
Details on oral exposure:
No data available
Doses:
4439.30mg/kg bw
No. of animals per sex per dose:
No data available
Control animals:
not specified
Details on study design:
No data available
Statistics:
No data available
Preliminary study:
No data available
Sex:
not specified
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
4 439.3 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Remarks on result:
other: 50% mortality was observed
Mortality:
No data available
Clinical signs:
No data available
Body weight:
No data available
Gross pathology:
No data available
Other findings:
No data available

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: LD50
Estimation method: Takes average value from the 6 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

(((((((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" )  and ("e" and ( not "f") )  )  and ("g" and ( not "h") )  )  and ("i" and ( not "j") )  )  and ("k" and ( not "l") )  )  and ("m" and ( not "n") )  )  and ("o" and ( not "p") )  )  and "q" )  and ("r" and ( not "s") )  )  and ("t" and "u" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Esters (Chronic toxicity) by US-EPA New Chemical Categories

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Arenes by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as SN2 AND SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom AND SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom >> Allyl acetates and related chemicals by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Esters AND Vinyl/Allyl Esters by Aquatic toxicity classification by ECOSAR

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.4

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as AN2 OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures >> Quinones and Trihydroxybenzenes OR AN2 >> Carbamoylation after isocyanate formation OR AN2 >> Carbamoylation after isocyanate formation >> Hydroxamic Acids OR AN2 >> Carbamoylation after isocyanate formation >> N-Hydroxylamines OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition on alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition on alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds >> Four- and Five-Membered Lactones OR AN2 >> Michael-type conjugate addition to activated alkene derivatives OR AN2 >> Michael-type conjugate addition to activated alkene derivatives >> Alpha-Beta Conjugated Alkene Derivatives with Geminal Electron-Withdrawing Groups OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition reaction with cycloisomerization OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition reaction with cycloisomerization >> Hydrazine Derivatives OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation >> Dicarbonyl compounds OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation >> Halofuranones OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation >> Polarized Haloalkene Derivatives OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation by aldehyde formed after metabolic activation OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation by aldehyde formed after metabolic activation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release >> Specific Acetate Esters OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation for aldehydes OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation for aldehydes >> Haloalkane Derivatives with Labile Halogen OR AN2 >> Thioacylation via nucleophilic addition after cysteine-mediated thioketene formation OR AN2 >> Thioacylation via nucleophilic addition after cysteine-mediated thioketene formation >> Haloalkenes with Electron-Withdrawing Groups OR AN2 >> Thioacylation via nucleophilic addition after cysteine-mediated thioketene formation >> Polarized Haloalkene Derivatives OR Non-covalent interaction OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Acridone, Thioxanthone, Xanthone and Phenazine Derivatives OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Coumarins OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> DNA Intercalators with Carboxamide and Aminoalkylamine Side Chain OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Quinones and Trihydroxybenzenes OR Radical OR Radical >> Generation of ROS by glutathione depletion (indirect) OR Radical >> Generation of ROS by glutathione depletion (indirect) >> Haloalkanes Containing Heteroatom OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation (indirect) or direct radical attack on DNA OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation (indirect) or direct radical attack on DNA >> Organic Peroxy Compounds OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation >> Five-Membered Aromatic Nitroheterocycles OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Acridone, Thioxanthone, Xanthone and Phenazine Derivatives OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Anthrones OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Conjugated Nitro Compounds OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Coumarins OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Hydrazine Derivatives OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> N-Hydroxylamines OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Nitro Azoarenes OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Nitrobiphenyls and Bridged Nitrobiphenyls OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> p-Substituted Mononitrobenzenes OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Quinones and Trihydroxybenzenes OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Thiols OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Carbenium ion formation >> Alpha-Haloethers OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation >> N-Nitroso Compounds OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation >> Pyrrolizidine Derivatives OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium ion formation >> N-Hydroxylamines OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium ion formation >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrosonium cation formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrosonium cation formation >> N-Nitroso Compounds OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Conjugated Nitro Compounds OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Nitro Azoarenes OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Nitrobiphenyls and Bridged Nitrobiphenyls OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> p-Substituted Mononitrobenzenes OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Acylation OR SN2 >> Acylation >> Hydroxamic Acids OR SN2 >> Acylation >> N-Hydroxylamines OR SN2 >> Acylation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group  OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group  >> Haloalkane Derivatives with Labile Halogen OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group after metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group after metabolic activation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN2 >> Alkylation OR SN2 >> Alkylation >> Alkylphosphates, Alkylthiophosphates and Alkylphosphonates OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related >> Epoxides and Aziridines OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after cyclization OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after cyclization >> Nitrogen and Sulfur Mustards OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation >> Haloalkenes with Electron-Withdrawing Groups OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation >> Polarized Haloalkene Derivatives OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom >> Haloalkane Derivatives with Labile Halogen OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom >> Haloalkanes Containing Heteroatom OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom >> Sulfonates and Sulfates OR SN2 >> Alkylation, ring opening SN2 reaction OR SN2 >> Alkylation, ring opening SN2 reaction >> Four- and Five-Membered Lactones OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation >> Coumarins OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation >> Quinoline Derivatives OR SN2 >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group OR SN2 >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Acyl Halides OR SN2 >> Direct nucleophilic attack on diazonium cation OR SN2 >> Direct nucleophilic attack on diazonium cation >> Hydrazine Derivatives OR SN2 >> DNA alkylation OR SN2 >> DNA alkylation >> Vicinal Dihaloalkanes OR SN2 >> Internal SN2 reaction with aziridinium and/or cyclic sulfonium ion formation (enzymatic) OR SN2 >> Internal SN2 reaction with aziridinium and/or cyclic sulfonium ion formation (enzymatic) >> Vicinal Dihaloalkanes OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom >> Haloalkanes Containing Heteroatom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom >> Halofuranones OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom after thiol (glutathione) conjugation OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom after thiol (glutathione) conjugation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom >> Quinoline Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 at sp3 and activated sp2 carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at sp3 and activated sp2 carbon atom >> Polarized Haloalkene Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 at sp3-carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at sp3-carbon atom >> Alpha-Haloethers by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.4

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Arenes by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Isocyanates and Isothiocyanates OR Acylation >> Isocyanates and Isothiocyanates >> Isocyanates OR Acylation >> P450 Mediated Activation to Isocyanates or Isothiocyanates OR Acylation >> P450 Mediated Activation to Isocyanates or Isothiocyanates >> Benzylamines-Acylation OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation of Heterocyclic Ring Systems OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation of Heterocyclic Ring Systems >> Furans OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation of Heterocyclic Ring Systems >> Thiophenes-Michael addition OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> 5-alkoxyindoles OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Alkyl phenols OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Hydroquinones OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Methylenedioxyphenyl OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition >> Alpha, beta- unsaturated esters OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition >> Alpha, beta- unsaturated ketones OR No alert found OR Schiff base formers OR Schiff base formers >> Chemicals Activated by P450 to Glyoxal  OR Schiff base formers >> Chemicals Activated by P450 to Glyoxal  >> Ethanolamines (including morpholine) OR Schiff base formers >> Chemicals Activated by P450 to Mono-aldehydes OR Schiff base formers >> Chemicals Activated by P450 to Mono-aldehydes >> Benzylamines-Schiff base OR Schiff base formers >> Direct Acting Schiff Base Formers OR Schiff base formers >> Direct Acting Schiff Base Formers >> Mono aldehydes OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Carbenium Ion Formation OR SN1 >> Carbenium Ion Formation >> Allyl benzenes OR SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation OR SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation >> Aliphatic tertiary amines OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic nitro OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic phenylureas OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Primary (unsaturated) heterocyclic amine OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Primary aromatic amine OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Secondary (unsaturated) heterocyclic amine OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Secondary aromatic amine OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Tertiary (unsaturated) heterocyclic amine  OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Tertiary aromatic amine OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Unsaturated heterocyclic phenylureas OR SN2 OR SN2 >> P450 Mediated Epoxidation OR SN2 >> P450 Mediated Epoxidation >> Thiophenes-SN2 OR SN2 >> SN2 at an sp3 Carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at an sp3 Carbon atom >> Aliphatic halides by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Not possible to classify according to these rules by DPRA Cysteine peptide depletion

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as High reactive OR High reactive >> alpha,beta-carbonyl compounds with polarized multiple bonds OR High reactive >> Unsaturated acid anhydrides OR High reactive >> Vinyl pyridines OR Low reactive OR Low reactive >> Alicyclic ketones OR Low reactive >> N-substituted aromatic amides by DPRA Cysteine peptide depletion

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, without OH or NH2 group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Moderate binder, OH grooup OR Non binder, impaired OH or NH2 group OR Non binder, MW>500 OR Strong binder, OH group OR Weak binder, OH group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Not possible to classify according to these rules by DPRA Lysine peptide depletion

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Low reactive OR Low reactive >> Saturated di-ketones by DPRA Lysine peptide depletion

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as SN2 AND SN2 >> SN2 Reaction at a sp3 carbon atom AND SN2 >> SN2 Reaction at a sp3 carbon atom >> Activated alkyl esters and thioesters  by Protein binding by OASIS v1.4

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) carboxamide group OR Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) carboxamide group >> Carboxylic Acid Amides OR Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) ester group OR Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) ester group >> Arenecarboxylic Acid Esters OR Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) sulfonamide group OR Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) sulfonamide group >> Arenesulfonamides OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> (Thio)Acyl and (thio)carbamoyl halides and cyanides  OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Azlactones and unsaturated lactone derivatives  OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Carbamates  OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Carboxylic Acid Amides OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> N-Carbonyl heteroaryl amines OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> N-Carbonylsulfonamides OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis >> Amides OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis or thiolysis OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis or thiolysis >> Activated aryl esters  OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis or thiolysis >> Carbamates  OR Acylation >> Ring opening acylation OR Acylation >> Ring opening acylation >> Active cyclic agents  OR Acylation >> Ring opening acylation >> beta-Lactams  OR AN2 OR AN2 >> Michael addition to activated double bonds OR AN2 >> Michael addition to activated double bonds >> alpha,beta-Unsaturated Carbonyls and Related Compounds OR AN2 >> Michael addition to activated double bonds in heterocyclic ring systems OR AN2 >> Michael addition to activated double bonds in heterocyclic ring systems >> Pyrazolone and Pyrazolidine Derivatives OR AN2 >> Michael type addition to activated double bond of pyrimidine bases OR AN2 >> Michael type addition to activated double bond of pyrimidine bases >> Pyrimidines and Purines OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition to quinoid structures  OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition to quinoid structures  >> Carboxylic Acid Amides OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition to quinoid structures  >> N-Substituted Aromatic Amines OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition at polarized N-functional double bond OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition at polarized N-functional double bond >> Arenesulfonamides OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition to pyridonimine tautomer of aminopyridoindoles or aminopyridoimidazoles (hypothesized) OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition to pyridonimine tautomer of aminopyridoindoles or aminopyridoimidazoles (hypothesized) >> Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl compounds (AN2) OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl compounds (AN2) >> Pyrazolone and Pyrazolidine Derivatives OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl group of pyrimidine and purine bases OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl group of pyrimidine and purine bases >> Pyrimidines and Purines OR Ionic interaction OR Ionic interaction >> Substituted guanidines OR Ionic interaction >> Substituted guanidines >> Guanidines OR Michael addition OR Michael addition >> Michael addition on conjugated systems with electron withdrawing group OR Michael addition >> Michael addition on conjugated systems with electron withdrawing group >> alpha,beta-Carbonyl compounds with polarized double bonds  OR Michael addition >> Michael addition on conjugated systems with electron withdrawing group >> N-Sulfonylazomethynes  OR No alert found OR Nucleophilic addition OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds >> Azomethyme type compounds  OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds >> Ketones OR Radical reactions OR Radical reactions >> ROS generation and direct attack of hydroxyl radical to the C8 position of nucleoside base OR Radical reactions >> ROS generation and direct attack of hydroxyl radical to the C8 position of nucleoside base >> Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines OR Schiff base formation OR Schiff base formation >> Direct acting Schiff base formers OR Schiff base formation >> Direct acting Schiff base formers >> 1,2-Dicarbonyls and 1,3-Dicarbonyls  OR Schiff base formation >> Schiff base on pyrazolones and pyrazolidinones OR Schiff base formation >> Schiff base on pyrazolones and pyrazolidinones >> Pyrazolones and Pyrazolidinones OR SE reaction (CYP450-activated heterocyclic amines) OR SE reaction (CYP450-activated heterocyclic amines) >> Direct attack of arylnitrenium cation to the C8 position of nucleoside base  OR SE reaction (CYP450-activated heterocyclic amines) >> Direct attack of arylnitrenium cation to the C8 position of nucleoside base  >> Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom >> Alkyl halides  OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom >> alpha-Activated haloalkanes  OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution on benzilyc carbon atom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution on benzilyc carbon atom >> alpha-Activated benzyls  OR SR reaction (peroxidase-activated heterocyclic amines) OR SR reaction (peroxidase-activated heterocyclic amines) >> Direct attack of arylnitrenium radical to the C8 position of nucleoside base OR SR reaction (peroxidase-activated heterocyclic amines) >> Direct attack of arylnitrenium radical to the C8 position of nucleoside base >> Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines by Protein binding by OASIS v1.4

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Similarity boundary:Target: CC(C)=CCCC(C)=CCOC(=O)Cc1ccccc1
Threshold=80%,
Dice(Atom centered fragments)
Atom type; Count H attached; Hybridization

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group C Aqueous Solubility < 0.0001 g/L AND Group C Melting Point > 55 C by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "s"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group CN Melting Point > 180 C by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "t"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= 3.48

Domain logical expression index: "u"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= 6.57

Interpretation of results:
other: Not classified
Conclusions:
LD50 was estimated to be 4439.30mg/kg bw, when rats were exposed with Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7) orally.
Executive summary:

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the acute oral toxicity was estimated for Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7),LD50 was estimated to be 4439.30mg/kg bw, when rats were exposed with Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7)orally.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
LD50
4 439.3 mg/kg bw
Quality of whole database:
Data is Klimicsh 2 and from QSAR Toolbox 3.4. (2017)

Acute toxicity: via inhalation route

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Acute toxicity: via dermal route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is from OECD QSAR toolbox v3.4 and the QMRF report has been attached.
Reference:
Composition 1
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to
Guideline:
other: As mentioned below
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction was done using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.4, 2017
GLP compliance:
not specified
Test type:
other: not specified
Limit test:
no
Test material information:
Composition 1
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Name of the test chemical: (2E)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-yl 2-phenylacetate
Common Name: Geranyl phenylacetate
Molecular formula: C18H24O2
Molecular weight: 272.3856 g/mol
Smiles Notation: c1(CC(OC\C=C(\CC\C=C(\C)C)C)=O)ccccc1
InChI: 1S/C18H24O2/c1-15(2)8-7-9-16(3)12-13-20-18(19)14-17-10-5-4-6-11-17/h4-6,8,10-12H,7,9,13-14H2,1-3H3/b16-12+
Substance Type: Organic
Physical State: Liquid (colorless)
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
No data available
Type of coverage:
occlusive
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on dermal exposure:
No data available
Duration of exposure:
No data available
Doses:
6696.37mg/kg bw
No. of animals per sex per dose:
No data available
Control animals:
not specified
Details on study design:
No data available
Statistics:
No data available
Preliminary study:
No data available
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
6 696.37 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Remarks on result:
other: 50% mortality was observed
Mortality:
No data available
Clinical signs:
No data available
Body weight:
No data available
Gross pathology:
No data available
Other findings:
No data available

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: LD50
Estimation method: Takes average value from the 6 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

(((((((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" )  and ("e" and ( not "f") )  )  and ("g" and ( not "h") )  )  and ("i" and ( not "j") )  )  and "k" )  and "l" )  and ("m" and ( not "n") )  )  and "o" )  and "p" )  and ("q" and "r" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Esters (Chronic toxicity) by US-EPA New Chemical Categories

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Arenes by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as SN2 AND SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom AND SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom >> Allyl acetates and related chemicals by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Esters AND Vinyl/Allyl Esters by Aquatic toxicity classification by ECOSAR

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.4

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as AN2 OR AN2 >> Michael-type conjugate addition to activated alkene derivatives OR AN2 >> Michael-type conjugate addition to activated alkene derivatives >> Alpha-Beta Conjugated Alkene Derivatives with Geminal Electron-Withdrawing Groups OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition to alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition to alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds >> Alpha, Beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation >> Alpha, Beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation by aldehyde formed after metabolic activation OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation by aldehyde formed after metabolic activation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release >> Specific Acetate Esters OR Radical OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Acylation OR SN2 >> Acylation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group after metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group after metabolic activation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related >> Epoxides and Aziridines OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom after thiol (glutathione) conjugation OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom after thiol (glutathione) conjugation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.4

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Arenes by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Isocyanates and Isothiocyanates OR Acylation >> Isocyanates and Isothiocyanates >> Isocyanates OR Acylation >> P450 Mediated Activation to Isocyanates or Isothiocyanates OR Acylation >> P450 Mediated Activation to Isocyanates or Isothiocyanates >> Benzylamines-Acylation OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Alkyl phenols OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition >> Alpha, beta- unsaturated esters OR No alert found OR Schiff base formers OR Schiff base formers >> Chemicals Activated by P450 to Mono-aldehydes OR Schiff base formers >> Chemicals Activated by P450 to Mono-aldehydes >> Benzylamines-Schiff base OR Schiff base formers >> Direct Acting Schiff Base Formers OR Schiff base formers >> Direct Acting Schiff Base Formers >> Mono aldehydes by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, without OH or NH2 group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Strong binder, OH group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No superfragment by Superfragments ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Low (Class I) by Toxic hazard classification by Cramer (extension) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aromatic compound AND Carbonic acid derivative AND Carboxylic acid derivative AND Carboxylic acid ester by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol)

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alcohol OR Carbonyl compound OR Hydroxy compound OR Ketone OR Primary alcohol OR Secondary alcohol by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol)

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Similarity boundary:Target: CC(C)=CCCC(C)=CCOC(=O)Cc1ccccc1
Threshold=60%,
Dice(Atom centered fragments)
Atom type; Count H attached; Hybridization

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Similarity boundary:Target: CC(C)=CCCC(C)=CCOC(=O)Cc1ccccc1
Threshold=30%,
Dice(Atom centered fragments)
Atom type; Count H attached; Hybridization

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= 3.45

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= 7.2

Interpretation of results:
other: Not classified
Conclusions:
LD50 was estimated to be 6696.37mg/kg bw.When male and female New Zealand White rabbits were exposed with Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7) by dermal application.
Executive summary:

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the acute dermal toxicity was estimated for Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7). LD50 was estimated to be 6696.37mg/kg bw.When male and female New Zealand White rabbits were exposed with Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7)by dermal application.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
LD50
6 696.37 mg/kg bw
Quality of whole database:
Data is Klimicsh 2 and from QSAR Toolbox 3.4. (2017)

Additional information

Acute oral toxicity

In different studies, Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7) has been investigated for acute oral toxicity to a greater or lesser extent. Often are the studies based on in vivo experiments and estimated data in rodents, i.e. most commonly in rats for Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7),The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental studies.

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the acute oral toxicity was estimated for Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7),LD50 was estimated to be 4439.30mg/kg bw, when rats were exposed with Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7)orally.

In experimental study given by D.L.J Opydke(Food and Cosmetics Toxicology Volume 12, Issues 7–8, December 1974, Page 895).Acute oral toxicity test of Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7) was performed in rats .No mortality was observed at dose 5000mg/kg bw. Hence the LD 50 was considered to be >5000 mg/kg concentration.When rats were treated with Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7) orally.

 

  

Also these results are further supported by the experimental study conducted in an OECD GLP laboratory (Sustainability Support Services (Europe) AB has the letter of access) for the structurally similar read across substance,Phenethyl phenyl acetate (CAS No:102-20-5).Acute Oral Toxicity Study of “Phenethyl phenyl acetate (CAS No.102-20-5) was performed as per OECD No. 423. in six female Wistar rats. The animals were fasted for minimum 16-18 hours prior to dosing and for 4 hours post dosing, food was withheld but drinking water provided ad libitum. The time intervals between dosing were determined by the onset, duration and severity of toxic signs. Three rats of first group were dosed with starting dose of 2000 mg/kg body weight and the animals did not show any mortality so another three animals of the same group were dosed with 2000 mg/kg body weight and no mortality was observed. Hence, further dosing was stopped. Body weights were recorded on day 0 (prior to dosing) 7 and 14. Mean body weight of all the animals treated with 2000 mg/kg body weight was observed with gain on day 7 and 14, as compared to day 0. At 2000 mg/kg, all the animals were normal throughout the experimental period. No external and internal gross pathological changes were seen in all the six animals treated with 2000 mg/kg body weight during terminal sacrifice.No mortality was observed at dose 2000mg/kg bw in treated rats. Hence, The LD50 was considered to be >2000mg/kg bw. When rats were treated with Phenethyl phenyl acetate (CAS No:102-20-5) orally.

 

 Also these results are further supported by the experimental study conducted in an OECD GLP laboratory (Sustainability Support Services (Europe) AB has the letter of access) for the structurally similar read across substance,Benzyl propionate (CAS No. - 122-63-4).Acute Oral Toxicity Study of Benzyl propionate (CAS No. - 122-63-4) in Rats.This study was performed as per OECD No. 423.Six female Wistar rats were selected for acute oral toxicity study. The animals were fasted for minimum 16-18 hours prior to dosing and for 3-4 hours post dosing, with food withheld but drinking water provided ad libitum. The time intervals between dosing were determined by the onset, duration and severity of toxic signs. Three rats of first group were dosed with starting dose of 2000 mg/kg body weight and the animals did not show any mortality so another three animals of the same group were dosed with 2000 mg/kg body weight and no mortality was observed. Hence, further dosing was stopped.Body weights were re­corded on day 0 (prior to dosing) 7 and 14.Body weight gain was observed in all the animals treated with 2000 mg/kg body weight, during the 14 day observation period, as compared to day 0.At 2000 mg/kg, animal nos. 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6 were observed normal throughout the experimental period, whereas animal no. 4 was observed normal at 30 minutes, 1, 2, 3 and 4 hours, with mild ataxia from day 1 to 4, with mild tremors on day 1, with mild chromodacryorrhea from day 2 to 6 and with moderate to mild lethargy from day 3 to 9 post dosing followed by normal observation till day 14.No external and internal gross pathological changes were seen in all the six animals treated with 2000 mg/kg body weight during terminal sacrifice. No mortality was observed in the animals treated with 2000 mg/kg dose throughout the 14 days observation period post dosing.Hence the LD50 was considered to be >2000mg/kg bw. When female Wistar rats were treated with Benzyl propionate (CAS No.122-63-4) orally.

  

 Thus, based on the above studies and predictions on Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7) and its read across substances, it can be concluded that LD50 value is 4439.30 mg/kg bw. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7) can be “Not classified” for acute oral toxicity.

 

Acute dermal toxicity

In different studies, Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7),has been investigated for acute dermal toxicity to a greater or lesser extent. Often are the studies based on in vivo experiments and estimated data in rodents, i.e. most commonly in rabbits for Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7).The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental studies.

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the acute dermal toxicity was estimated for Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7). LD50 was estimated to be 6696.37mg/kg bw.When male and female New Zealand White rabbits were exposed with Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7)by dermal application.

In experimental study given byD.L.J Opydke (Food and Cosmetics Toxicology Volume 12, Issues 7–8, December 1974, Page 895).Acute dermal toxicity test of Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7) was performed in rabbits .No mortality was observed at dose 5000mg/kg bw. Hence the LD 50 was considered to be >5000 mg/kg bw.When rabbits were treated with Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7) by dermal application.

Also these results are further supported by the experimental study conducted in an OECD GLP laboratory (Sustainability Support Services (Europe) AB has the letter of access) for the structurally similar read across substance,Phenethyl phenyl acetate (CAS No:102-20-5). Acute Dermal Toxicity Study of “Phenethyl phenyl acetate (CAS No. 102-20-5)” in Wistar Rats, was performed as per OECD No. 402. Five male and five female healthy young adult rats were randomly selected and used for conducting acute dermal toxicity study. Rats free from injury and irritation of skin were selected for the study. Approximately, twenty four hours prior to dermal application of test item, greater than 10% of body surface area of each rat was clipped. A limit dose of 2000 mg/ kg body weight based on the test item density (1.07513) and latest body weight was applied by single dermal application and observed for 14 days after treatment. On test day 0, calculated volume of test item was applied directly on the intact skin of clipped area of rats; the porous gauze dressing was put on to the intact skin of clipped area. This porous gauze dressing was covered with a non-irritating tape. After the 24-hour application period, the dressings were removed and the skin was gently wiped with distilled water. The skin reactions were assessed. The animals were observed daily for mortality and clinical signs, during the acclimatization period and post dosing till the termination. All animals were observed for clinical signs at approximately 1, 2, 3 and 4 hours after treatment on day 0 and once daily during test days 1-14. Mortality was recorded after application on test day 0 and twice daily during days 1-14 (at least once on the day of sacrifice). Local signs / Skin reactions were observed daily from test days 1-14 (in common with clinical signs). Body weights were re­corded on day 0 (prior to application) and on day 7 and 14. All animals were necropsied and examined macroscopically.No mortality was observed in any animal till the end of the experimental period. At 2000 mg/kg, all the animals were observed normal throughout the experimental period. Mean body weight was observed with gain on day 7 and 14 of male and female animals, as compared to day 0.The external and internal gross pathological observation of all terminally sacrificed animals did not show any pathological abnormality.Hence The LD50 was considered to be >2000mg/kg bw. When rats were treated with Phenethyl phenyl acetate (CAS No. 102-20-5) by dermal application.

 

 Also these results are further supported by the experimental study conducted in an OECD GLP laboratory (Sustainability Support Services (Europe) AB has the letter of access) for the structurally similar read across substance,Benzyl propionate (CAS No. - 122-63-4). Acute Dermal Toxicity Study of Benzyl propionate (CAS No. - 122-63-4) in Wistar Rats, This study were performed as per OECD No.402. Five male and five female healthy young adult rats were randomly selected and used for conducting acute dermal toxicity study. Rats free from injury and irritation of skin were selected for the study. Twenty four hours prior to dermal application of test item, approximately 10% of body surface area of each rat was clipped. A limit dose of 2000 mg/ kg body weight of test item was applied by single dermal application and observed for 14 days after treatment.

On test day 0,as such amount of test item, calculated based on density (1.0016) and body weight was applied directly on the intact skin of clipped area of rats; the surgical gauze patch was put on to the intact skin of clipped area. This porous gauze dressing was covered with a non-irritating adhesive tape. The porous gauze dressing was wrapped around the abdomen and anchored with non-irritating adhesive tape. After the 24-hour application period, the dressings were removed and the skin was gently wiped with distilled water. The skin reactions were assessed. The animals were observed daily for mortality and clinical signs, during the acclimatization period. All animals were observed for clinical signs at approximately 1, 2, 3 and 4 hours after treatment on day 0 and once daily during test days 114. Mortality was recorded after application on test day 0 and twice daily during days 1-14 (at least once on the day of sacrifice). Local signs / Skin reactions were observed daily from test days 1-14 (in common with clinical signs). Body weights were re­corded on day 0 (prior to application) and on day 7 and 14. All animals were necropsied and examined macroscopically. No mortality was observed in any animal till the end of the experimental period. No clinical signs and any skin reaction were observed throughout the experimental period in all treated animals. The male and female animals were observed with body weight gain throughout the experiment, except on day 7 male animals were observed with decline in mean body weight gain as compared to day 0. The external and internal gross pathological observation of all terminally sacrificed animals did not show any pathological abnormality. Hence the LD50 was considered to be >2000mg/kg bw. When rats were treated with Benzyl propionate (CAS No. - 122-63-4) by dermal application.

 Thus, based on the above studies and predictions on Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7) and its read across substances, it can be concluded that LD50 value is 6696.37mg/kg bw. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7)can be “Not classified” for acute dermal toxicity.

 

 

 

Justification for classification or non-classification

Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP Geranyl phenylacetate (102-22-7)can be “Not classified” for acute oral and dermal toxicity.