Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Genetic toxicity in vitro

Description of key information

Based on the prediction done using the OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 with log kow as the primary descriptor and considering the five closest read across substances, gene mutation was predicted for 3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-2-(2,4,5,7-tetrabromo-3,6-dihydroxyxanthen-9-yl)benzoic acid, aluminium salt. The study assumed the use of Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 with S9 metabolic activation system. 3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-2-(2,4,5,7-tetrabromo-3,6-dihydroxyxanthen-9-yl)benzoic acid, aluminium salt was predicted to not induce gene mutation in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 in the presence of S9 metabolic activation system and hence, according to the prediction made, it is not likely to classify as a gene mutant in vitro.

Based on the predicted result it can be concluded that the substance is considered to not toxic as per the criteria mentioned in CLP regulation.

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is from OECD QSAR Toolbox version 3.3 and the supporting QMRF report has been attached
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: Refer below principle
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction is done using OECD QSAR Toolbox version 3.3, 2017
GLP compliance:
not specified
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of the test material: 3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-2-(2,4,5,7-tetrabromo-3,6-dihydroxyxanthen-9-yl)benzoic acid, aluminium salt
- IUPAC name: 3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-2-(2,4,5,7-tetrabromo-3,6-dihydroxyxanthen-9-yl)benzoic acid, aluminium salt
- Molecular Formula: C20H4Br4Cl4O5.xAl
- Molecular Weight: 2387.0295 g/mol
- Substance type: Organic
- Smiles: c1c2c(c(c(c1Br)O)Br)Oc3c(cc(c(c3Br)O)Br)C2c4c(c(c(c(c4Cl)Cl)Cl)Cl)C(=O)[O-].c1c2c(c(c(c1Br)O)Br)Oc3c(cc(c(c3Br)O)Br)C2c4c(c(c(c(c4Cl)Cl)Cl)Cl)C(=O)[O-].c1c2c(c(c(c1Br)O)Br)Oc3c(cc(c(c3Br)O)Br)C2c4c(c(c(c(c4Cl)Cl)Cl)Cl)C(=O)[O-].[Al+3]
Target gene:
Histidine
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102
Details on mammalian cell type (if applicable):
Not applicable
Additional strain / cell type characteristics:
not specified
Cytokinesis block (if used):
No data
Metabolic activation:
with
Metabolic activation system:
S9 metabolic activation system
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
No data
Vehicle / solvent:
No data
Untreated negative controls:
not specified
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
not specified
True negative controls:
not specified
Positive controls:
not specified
Positive control substance:
not specified
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
No data
Rationale for test conditions:
No data
Evaluation criteria:
Prediction is done considering a dose dependent increase in the number of revertants/plate
Statistics:
No data
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium, other: TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102
Metabolic activation:
with
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
not specified
Vehicle controls validity:
not specified
Untreated negative controls validity:
not specified
Positive controls validity:
not specified
Additional information on results:
No data
Remarks on result:
no mutagenic potential (based on QSAR/QSPR prediction)

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: "Gene mutation"
Estimation method: Takes highest mode value from the 7 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

((((((((((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" or "e" )  and ("f" and ( not "g") )  )  and ("h" and ( not "i") )  )  and ("j" and ( not "k") )  )  and ("l" and ( not "m") )  )  and ("n" and ( not "o") )  )  and ("p" and ( not "q") )  )  and ("r" and ( not "s") )  )  and "t" )  and "u" )  and ("v" and ( not "w") )  )  and ("x" and ( not "y") )  )  and ("z" and "aa" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aluminum Compounds AND Not categorized by US-EPA New Chemical Categories

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aromatic perhalogencarbons OR Aryl OR Aryl halide OR Carboxylic acid OR Fused carbocyclic aromatic OR Fused saturated heterocycles OR No functional group found OR Phenol OR Xanthene by Organic Functional groups ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aromatic perhalogencarbons OR Aryl halide OR Carboxylic acid OR No functional group found OR Overlapping groups OR Phenol OR Xanthene by Organic Functional groups (nested) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acid, aromatic attach [-COOH] OR Alcohol, olefinic attach [-OH] OR Aliphatic Carbon [CH] OR Aliphatic Carbon, two phenyl attach [-C-]  OR Aliphatic Oxygen, two aromatic attach [-O-] OR Aluminium [Al] OR Aromatic Carbon [C] OR Bromine, aromatic attach [-Br] OR Bromine, olefinic attach [-Br] OR Carbonyl, olefinic attach [-C(=O)-] OR Carbonyl, one aromatic attach [-C(=O)-] OR Chlorine, aromatic attach [-Cl] OR Chlorine, olefinic attach [-Cl] OR Hydroxy, aromatic attach [-OH] OR Miscellaneous sulfide (=S) or oxide (=O) OR Olefinic carbon [=CH- or =C<] OR Oxygen, one aromatic attach [-O-] OR Oxygen, two olefinic attach [-O-] OR Tertiary Carbon by Organic functional groups (US EPA) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aromatic compound OR Aryl bromide OR Aryl chloride OR Aryl halide OR Carbonic acid derivative OR Carboxylic acid OR Carboxylic acid derivative OR Diarylether OR Ether OR Halogen derivative OR Heterocyclic compound OR Hydroxy compound OR No functional group found OR Phenol by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as AN2 OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures >> 3-Methylindole derivatives OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures >> Flavonoids OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures >> Quinoneimines OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures >> Quinones OR AN2 >> Carbamoylation after isocyanate formation OR AN2 >> Carbamoylation after isocyanate formation >> N-Hydroxylamines OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition to alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition to alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds >> alpha, beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation >> alpha, beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation >> Dicarbonyl compounds OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation >> Polarized Haloalkene Derivatives OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release >> Specific Acetate Esters OR AN2 >> Thioacylation via nucleophilic addition after cysteine-mediated thioketene formation OR AN2 >> Thioacylation via nucleophilic addition after cysteine-mediated thioketene formation >> Haloalkenes with Electron-Withdrawing Groups OR AN2 >> Thioacylation via nucleophilic addition after cysteine-mediated thioketene formation >> Polarized Haloalkene Derivatives OR Michael addition OR Michael addition >> Quinone type compounds OR Michael addition >> Quinone type compounds >> Quinone methides OR Non-covalent interaction OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Acridone, Thioxanthone, Xanthone and Phenazine Derivatives OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Aminoacridine DNA Intercalators OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> DNA Intercalators with Carboxamide Side Chain OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Quinones OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Triarylimidazole and Structurally Related DNA Intercalators OR Non-specific OR Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    OR Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR Radical OR Radical >> Generation of reactive oxygen species OR Radical >> Generation of reactive oxygen species >> Thiols OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation (indirect) or direct radical attack on DNA OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation (indirect) or direct radical attack on DNA >> Organic Peroxy Compounds OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation >> Acridone, Thioxanthone, Xanthone and Phenazine Derivatives OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> C-Nitroso Compounds OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Conjugated Nitro Compounds OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Flavonoids OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Hydrazine Derivatives OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> N-Hydroxylamines OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Quinones OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion (indirect) OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion (indirect) >> Quinoneimines OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion >> Quinone methides OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Alkylation after metabolically formed carbenium ion species OR SN1 >> Alkylation after metabolically formed carbenium ion species >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Derivatives OR SN1 >> DNA bases alkylation by carbenium ion formed OR SN1 >> DNA bases alkylation by carbenium ion formed >> Diazoalkanes OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation >> Acyclic Triazenes OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation >> N-Nitroso Compounds OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> N-Hydroxylamines OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium and/or carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after nitrenium and/or carbenium ion formation >> N-Nitroso Compounds OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Conjugated Nitro Compounds OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution after glutathione-induced nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution after glutathione-induced nitrenium ion formation >> C-Nitroso Compounds OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ions OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ions >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR SN1 >> SN1 reaction at nitrogen-atom bound to a good leaving group or on  nitrenium ion OR SN1 >> SN1 reaction at nitrogen-atom bound to a good leaving group or on  nitrenium ion >> N-Acyloxy(Alkoxy) Arenamides OR SN1 >> SN1 reaction at nitrogen-atom bound to a good leaving group or on  nitrenium ion >> N-Aryl-N-Acetoxy(Benzoyloxy) Acetamides OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Acylation OR SN2 >> Acylation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related >> Epoxides and Aziridines OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation >> Haloalkenes with Electron-Withdrawing Groups OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Derivatives OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation >> Quinoline Derivatives OR SN2 >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group OR SN2 >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Acyl Halides OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom >> Quinoline Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 at Nitrogen Atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at Nitrogen Atom >> N-acetoxyamines OR SN2 >> SN2 at sp3 and activated sp2 carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at sp3 and activated sp2 carbon atom >> Polarized Haloalkene Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at nitrogen-atom bound to a good leaving group OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at nitrogen-atom bound to a good leaving group >> N-Acetoxyamines OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at nitrogen-atom bound to a good leaving group or nitrenium ion OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at nitrogen-atom bound to a good leaving group or nitrenium ion >> N-Acyloxy(Alkoxy) Arenamides OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at nitrogen-atom bound to a good leaving group or nitrenium ion >> N-Aryl-N-Acetoxy(Benzoyloxy) Acetamides by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> P450 Mediated Activation to Isocyanates or Isothiocyanates OR Acylation >> P450 Mediated Activation to Isocyanates or Isothiocyanates >> Formamides OR Michael addition OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation of Heterocyclic Ring Systems OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation of Heterocyclic Ring Systems >> Furans OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation of Heterocyclic Ring Systems >> Thiophenes-Michael addition OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Alkyl phenols OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Arenes OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Hydroquinones OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Polycyclic (PAHs) and heterocyclic (HACs) aromatic hydrocarbons-Michael addition OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition >> Alpha, beta- unsaturated aldehydes OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition >> Alpha, beta- unsaturated amides OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition >> Alpha, beta- unsaturated esters OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition >> Alpha, beta- unsaturated ketones OR Michael addition >> Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals OR Michael addition >> Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Quinones OR Schiff base formers OR Schiff base formers >> Chemicals Activated by P450 to Mono-aldehydes OR Schiff base formers >> Chemicals Activated by P450 to Mono-aldehydes >> Thiazoles OR Schiff base formers >> Direct Acting Schiff Base Formers OR Schiff base formers >> Direct Acting Schiff Base Formers >> Alpha-beta-dicarbonyl OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Carbenium Ion Formation OR SN1 >> Carbenium Ion Formation >> Aliphatic N-Nitro OR SN1 >> Carbenium Ion Formation >> Allyl benzenes OR SN1 >> Carbenium Ion Formation >> Polycyclic (PAHs) and heterocyclic (HACs) aromatic hydrocarbons-SN1 OR SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation OR SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation >> Aliphatic tertiary amines OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic azo OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic nitro OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Primary (unsaturated) heterocyclic amine OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Primary aromatic amine OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Tertiary (unsaturated) heterocyclic amine  OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Tertiary aromatic amine OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Unsaturated heterocyclic nitro OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Epoxidation of Aliphatic Alkenes OR SN2 >> Epoxidation of Aliphatic Alkenes >> Halogenated polarised alkenes OR SN2 >> P450 Mediated Epoxidation OR SN2 >> P450 Mediated Epoxidation >> Thiophenes-SN2 by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, MW>500 AND Non binder, non cyclic structure by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Moderate binder, OH grooup OR Non binder, impaired OH or NH2 group OR Non binder, without OH or NH2 group OR Strong binder, OH group OR Very strong binder, OH group OR Weak binder, OH group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found AND SNAr AND SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution on activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds AND SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution on activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds >> Activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds by Protein binding by OASIS v1.3

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Azlactones and unsaturated lactone derivatives  OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis >> Amides OR Michael Addition OR Michael Addition >> Michael addition on conjugated systems with electron withdrawing group OR Michael Addition >> Michael addition on conjugated systems with electron withdrawing group >> alpha,beta-Carbonyl compounds with polarized double bonds  OR Michael Addition >> Michael addition on conjugated systems with electron withdrawing group >> alpha,beta-Carbonyl compounds with polarized triple bond  OR Michael Addition >> Michael addition on conjugated systems with electron withdrawing group >> Conjugated systems with electron withdrawing groups  OR Michael Addition >> Michael addition on conjugated systems with electron withdrawing group >> Cyanoalkenes OR Michael Addition >> Michael type addition on azoxy compounds OR Michael Addition >> Michael type addition on azoxy compounds >> Azoxy compounds  OR Michael Addition >> Polarised Alkenes OR Michael Addition >> Polarised Alkenes >> Polarised Alkenes - sulfones  OR Nucleophilic addition OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds >> Ketones OR Radical reactions OR Radical reactions >> Free radical formation OR Radical reactions >> Free radical formation >> Hydroperoxides OR Schiff base formation OR Schiff base formation >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl compounds OR Schiff base formation >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl compounds >> Aldehydes OR Schiff base formation >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl compounds >> alpha-Ketoesters  OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution (SN1) on alkyl (aryl) mercury cations OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution (SN1) on alkyl (aryl) mercury cations >> Mercury compounds  OR SN2 OR SN2 >> SN2 Reaction at a sp3 carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 Reaction at a sp3 carbon atom >> Activated alkyl esters and thioesters  by Protein binding by OASIS v1.3

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found AND SNAr AND SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution AND SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution >> Activated halo-benzenes by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as SN2 OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at a sp2 carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at a sp2 carbon atom >> Polarised alkenes with a halogen leaving group by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Halogens AND Metals AND Non-Metals by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alkali Earth OR Alkaline Earth OR Metalloids OR Rare Earth OR Transition Metals OR Unknown chemical element by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group 13 - Metals Al,Ga,In,Tl AND Group 14 - Carbon C AND Group 16 - Oxygen O AND Group 17 - Halogens Br AND Group 17 - Halogens Cl AND Group 17 - Halogens F,Cl,Br,I,At by Chemical elements

Domain logical expression index: "s"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group 14 - Metals Sn,Pb OR Group 15 - Nitrogen N OR Group 15 - Phosphorus P OR Group 16 - Selennm Se OR Group 16 - Sulfur S OR Group 17 - Halogens F by Chemical elements

Domain logical expression index: "t"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aromatic perhalogencarbons AND Aryl AND Aryl halide AND Carboxylic acid AND Fused carbocyclic aromatic AND Fused saturated heterocycles AND No functional group found AND Phenol AND Xanthene by Organic Functional groups ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "u"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aromatic compound AND Aryl bromide AND Aryl chloride AND Aryl halide AND Carbonic acid derivative AND Carboxylic acid AND Carboxylic acid derivative AND Diarylether AND Ether AND Halogen derivative AND Heterocyclic compound AND Hydroxy compound AND No functional group found AND Phenol by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "v"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Not categorized by Repeated dose (HESS)

Domain logical expression index: "w"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Carboxylic acids (Hepatotoxicity) No rank OR Ethionine (Hepatotoxicity) Alert OR Halobenzenes (Hepatotoxicity) Rank A OR Halobenzenes (Renal toxicity) Rank A OR Perhexiline (Hepatotoxicity) Alert OR Valproic acid (Hepatotoxicity) Alert by Repeated dose (HESS)

Domain logical expression index: "x"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aluminum Compounds AND Not categorized by US-EPA New Chemical Categories

Domain logical expression index: "y"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Phenols (Acute toxicity) by US-EPA New Chemical Categories

Domain logical expression index: "z"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= 2.18

Domain logical expression index: "aa"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= 8.21

Conclusions:
3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-2-(2,4,5,7-tetrabromo-3,6-dihydroxyxanthen-9-yl)benzoic acid, aluminium salt was predicted to not induce gene mutation in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 in the presence of S9 metabolic activation system and hence, according to the prediction made, it is not likely to classify as a gene mutant in vitro.
Executive summary:

Based on the prediction done using the OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 with log kow as the primary descriptor and considering the five closest read across substances, gene mutation was predicted for 3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-2-(2,4,5,7-tetrabromo-3,6-dihydroxyxanthen-9-yl)benzoic acid, aluminium salt. The study assumed the use of Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 with S9 metabolic activation system. 3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-2-(2,4,5,7-tetrabromo-3,6-dihydroxyxanthen-9-yl)benzoic acid, aluminium salt was predicted to not induce gene mutation in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 in the presence of S9 metabolic activation system and hence, according to the prediction made, it is not likely to classify as a gene mutant in vitro.

Based on the predicted result it can be concluded that the substance is considered to not toxic as per the criteria mentioned in CLP regulation.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (negative)

Genetic toxicity in vivo

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Gene mutation in vitro:

Prediction model based estimation and data from read across chemicals have been reviewed to determine the mutagenic nature of

3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-2-(2,4,5,7-tetrabromo-3,6-dihydroxyxanthen-9-yl)benzoic acid, aluminium salt. The studies are as mentioned below:

Based on the prediction done using the OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 with log kow as the primary descriptor and considering the five closest read across substances, gene mutation was predicted for 3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-2-(2,4,5,7-tetrabromo-3,6-dihydroxyxanthen-9-yl)benzoic acid, aluminium salt. The study assumed the use of Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 with S9 metabolic activation system. 3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-2-(2,4,5,7-tetrabromo-3,6-dihydroxyxanthen-9-yl)benzoic acid, aluminium salt was predicted to not induce gene mutation in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 in the presence of S9 metabolic activation system and hence, according to the prediction made, it is not likely to classify as a gene mutant in vitro.

The predicted data for the target chemical is further supported by data from read across chemicals.

Salmonella/ mammalian-microsome test was performed by Muzall and Cook (Mutation Research, 1979) to evaluate the mutagenic nature of 90.5% structurally and functionally similar read across chemical D and C Red no. 27 (RA CAS no 13473 -26 -2; IUPAC name: 2',4',5',7'-tetrabromo-4,5,6,7-tetrachloro-3',6'-dihydroxy-3H-spiro[2-benzofuran-1,9'-xanthene]-3-one). The 2 ml of liquid top agar was cooled to 45°C and 0.1 ml of a broth culture of microorganism and test substance at dose level of 10 -250 mg and in volumes of ≤ 0.4 ml of DMSO was added prior to placing on minimal agar plates. After 48 h incubation at 37°C, the colonies which reverted to the prototroph were counted and compared to counts on the control plate (containing no test substance) to demonstrate mutagenicity or toxicity. Materials which caused a 2-fold increase of revertants, as compared to the number of spontaneous revertants on the control plates, were denoted as mutagens. Those which reduced the number of revertants were considered inhibitory. D and C Red no. 27 did not induce gene mutation in Salmonella typhimurium TA98, TA1537, TA100, TA1535 in the plate incorporation assay both in the presence and absence of S9 metabolic activation system and hence is negative for gene mutation in vitro.

Zeiger et al (Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis, 1992) performed gene mutation toxicity study to determine the mutagenic nature of n- nonane. The study was performed using Salmonella typhimurium strains TA97, TA98, TA100, TA1535 and TA1537 in the presence and absence of S9 metabolic activation system. The chemical was dissolved in water as solvent and used at dose levels 0, 100, 333, 1000, 3333 or 10000 µg/plate by the preincubation method. The doses were selected on the basis of preliminary dose range finding study and concurrent solvent and positive controls were included in the study. n- Nonane did not induce gene mutation in Salmonella typhimurium TA97, TA98, TA100, TA1535 and TA1537 in the presence and absence of S9 metabolic activation system and hence is not likely to classify as a gene mutant in vitro.

Also, Brown et al (Mutation Reasearch, 1979) performed Salmonella/mammalian microsome assay for the 93.37% structurally and functionally similar read across chemicals Phloxine B (RA CAS no 18472 -87 -2; IUPAC name: 2',4',5',7'-tetrabromo-4,5,6,7-tetrachloro-3',6'-dihydroxy-3H-spiro[2-benzofuran-1,9'-xanthen]-3-one) using the Salmonella typhimurium strains TA1535, TA100, TA1537, TA1538, and TA98. The dye at dose levels of 0, 10, 50 or 100 µg/plate was dissolved in DMSO and up to 0.2 ml was introduced into 2.5 ml of the tempered top agar together with 0.1 ml Salmonella typhimurium broth suspension and 0.25 ml Aroclor 1254 induced rat liver S9. The mixtures was plated on 20 ml of Vogel-Bonner E bottom agar and incubated for 3 days at 35°C. The test material did not induce any mutation in the strain. However, slight toxicity was noted in the strains TA1537 (at 10 µg/plate with S9) and TA98 (at 10 and 100 µg/plate without S9). Phloxine B did not induce gene mutation in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA1535, TA100, TA1537, TA1538 and TA98 in the presence and absence of S9 metabolic activation system and hence it is not likely to classify as a gene mutant in vitro.

Based on the data available for the target chemical and its read across, 3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-2-(2,4,5,7-tetrabromo-3,6-dihydroxyxanthen-9-yl)benzoic acid, aluminium salt does not exhibit gene mutation in vitro. Hence the test chemical is not likely to classify as a gene mutant in vitro.

Justification for classification or non-classification

Based on the data available for the target chemical and its read across, 3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-2-(2,4,5,7-tetrabromo-3,6-dihydroxyxanthen-9-yl)benzoic acid, aluminium salt (CAS no 84473 -86 -9) does not exhibit gene mutation in vitro. Hence the test chemical is not likely to classify as a gene mutant in vitro.