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EC number: 247-201-1 | CAS number: 25711-72-2
A dermal irritation study was performed to assess the irritation potential of urea in mice.
1, 10, 25, 50, 75 or 100% urea was exposed to the skin of 3 male nude mice for 24 hours.3 animals were exposed to each formulation and maintained 3/cage. Urea was placed in a PVC (Polyvinyl chloride) cup with a surface area of 0.8 sq cm and surface volume of 0.3 cubic cm. The cup was fastened to the dorsal side of the animal using surgical tape and secured with Superglue. The mice were killed immediately after the 24 hours exposure period. Specimens of the exposed areas and of the adjacent untreated skin were taken for histological evaluation. Histological assessment included examination for epidermal changes, hyperkeratosis, spongiosis, destruction of the epidermis hyperemia, and increase in the cell layer of the stratum granulosum, increase in the density and thickness of the collagen bundles, fractured collagen, infiltration of the dermis and intracellular edema.
Urea did not cause any microscopic changes over the 24 hour period at the concentrations tested.
Hence, urea can be considered to be not irritating to the skin of male nude mice.
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