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EC number: 202-334-4 | CAS number: 94-46-2
Gene mutation toxicity study was performed to determine the mutagenic nature of Isoamyl benzoate. Genetic toxicity test was performed on strain of Escherichia coli (strain Sd-4-73) by paper disk method. Paper-disk method was performed to check for the ability of E. coli Sd-4-73 to show reversion from streptomycin dependence to independence. Overnight culture of strain Sd-4-73 grown at 36°C in aerated nutrient broth containing 20 µg/ml of streptomycin was used as a inoculum. The culture was centrifuged and washed at least twice with saline or distilled water to remove the extraneous streptomycin, and was resuspended in saline to a concentration of approximately 109 cells/ml. 0.1-ml. aliquot of this suspension was mixed with 2.5 ml of molten soft nutrient agar (0.7 per cent agar) and poured over a base of 20 ml of 1.5 per cent nutrient agar. After the soft layer was solidified, the mutagen was applied in form of small drops or crystal. Additional plates were prepared with small inocula (one fifth and one twenty-fifth of the original) so as not to miss the optimum cell density; the number of cells per plate was rather critical, the yield of mutant colonies being reduced either by crowding or by insufficient population size. After the soft agar layer had set, the mutagen, in the form of a microdrop of solution (0.01 to 0.025 ml.) or a small crystal, was applied to a small filter-paper disk resting on the agar. To determine whether the substance was inhibitory for the assay organism at the concentration employed, the procedure was repeated on a nutrient agar plate containing 100 µg/ml of streptomycin and seeded with approximately 107 bacteria. Mutagenicity was manifested as a zone of streptomycin-independent mutant colonies around a filter-paper disk saturated with the mutagenic agent and resting on the surface of streptomycin-free nutrient agar seeded heavily with a streptomycin-dependent parental population. Isoamyl benzoate did not induce mutation from streptomycin dependence to independence in Escherichia coli (strain Sd-4-73) and hence the chemical is not likely to classify as a gene mutant in vitro.
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