Registration Dossier

Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

Description of key information

Skin irritation:

The dermal irritation potential of target chemical was assessed in various in- vitro and in-vivo experimental studies.Based on the available studies,it can be concluded that the test chemical is unable to cause skin irritation and considered as not irritating. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, it can be classified under the category “Not Classified''.

Eye irritation

The ocular irritation potential of target chemical was assessedin various in- vitro and in-vivo experimental studies.Based on the available studies,it can be concluded that the test chemical is unable to cause eye irritation and considered as not irritating. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, it can be classified under the category “Not Classified''.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin irritation / corrosion

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
comparable to guideline study
Justification for type of information:
data is from experimental reports
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Principles of method if other than guideline:
To determine the dermal reaction profile of the test chemical in Sprague Dawley rats.
GLP compliance:
yes
Species:
rat
Strain:
Sprague-Dawley
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: National Institute of Biosciences, Pune.
- Females nulliparous and non-pregnant: Yes
- Age at study initiation: Young adult female rats aged between 8 – 10 weeks were used.
- Weight at study initiation: The weight range of approximately 213.2 to 233.6 grams at initiation of dosing.
Mean = 228.18 g
Minimum = 213.2g
Maximum = 233.6g
Total number of animals = 5
- Identification: Each rat was individually identified by the cage number.
- Fasting period before study: No data available
- Housing: The rats were individually housed in polycarbonate cages with paddy husk as bedding.
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Rodent feed supplied by the Nutrivet Life Sciences, Pune, was provided ad libitum from individual feeders.
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Water was provided ad libitum from individual bottles attached to the cages. All water was from a local source and passed through the reverse osmosis membrane before use.
- Acclimation period: 5 days.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS

- Temperature (°C): 19.2 to 21.8 degree centigrade.
- Humidity (%): 56.0% to 59.1%
- Air changes (per hr): Ten to fifteen air changes per hour.
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): An artificial light and dark cycle of 12 hours each was provided to the room.
Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Preparation of test site:
clipped
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
not specified
Amount / concentration applied:
Dose-range finding study: 200, 1000, 2000 mg/kg
Main study: 2000 mg/kg
Duration of treatment / exposure:
24 hours
Observation period:
14 days
Number of animals:
5 female rats
Details on study design:
TEST SITE
- Area of exposure: Trunk (dorsal surface and sides from scapular to pelvic area)
- % coverage: Approximately 10% of the body surface area.
- Type of wrap if used: Porous gauze dressing and non-irritating tape

REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): Distilled water was used to remove residual test item.
OBSERVATION TIME POINTS
(indicate if minutes, hours or days) : Dermal reaction was observed daily for study period of 14 days.
SCORING SYSTEM: Draize Method.
OTHER OBSERVATIONS
Type and Frequency of Tests, Analyses and Measurements
Viability: Twice daily.
Clinical Observations and General Appearance:
Animals were observed for clinical signs, mortality, until sacrifice.
Onset, duration and severity of any sign were recorded. The clinical signs and mortality observations were conducted at 10, 30, 60 minutes, 2, 4 and 6 hours on the day of dosing and once daily thereafter for 14 day. Daily observation was done as far as possible at the same time.
The observations were included general clinical signs, observations of eyes, mucous membranes, respiratory, circulatory system and behavior pattern.
Body weights:
Individual animal body weights were recorded pre-test (prior to administration of the test item), day 7 and at termination on day 14.
Gross Pathology:
Necropsy was performed on animals surviving at the end of the study. Macroscopic examination of all the orifices, cavities and tissues were made and the findings were recorded. All animals surviving the study period were sacrificed by the carbon dioxide asphyxiation technique (day 15).
Histopathology:
No gross abnormalities were observed in animals sacrificed terminally hence, no histopathology was performed
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
14 d
Score:
0
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
14 d
Score:
0
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
Evaluation of Dermal Reaction
Dose Range Finding Study:
Group I : Animal treated at the dose level of 200 mg/kg body weight did not result in any skin reaction during the study period of 14 days.
Group I : Animal treated at the dose level of 1000 mg/kg body weight did not result in any skin reaction during the study period of 14 days.
Group I : Animal treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight did not result in any skin reaction during the study period of 14 days.
Main Study:
Group II : Animals treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight did not result in any skin reaction during the study period of 14 days.


Other effects:
Clinical Signs of Toxicity and Mortality
Sex : Female
Dose Range Finding Study:
Group I : Animal treated at the dose level of 200 mg/kg body weight did not result in any signs of toxicity during the study period of 14 days. The animal survived through the study period of 14 days.
Group I : Animal treated at the dose level of 1000 mg/kg body weight did not result in any signs of toxicity during the study period of 14 days. The animal survived through the study period of 14 days.
Group I : Animal treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight did not result in any signs of toxicity during the study period of 14 days. The animal survived through the study period of 14 days.
Main Study:
Group II : Animals treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight did not result in any signs of toxicity during the study period of 14 days. All animals survived through the study period of 14 days.

Clinical Signs of Toxicity and Mortality
Sex : Female
Dose Range Finding Study:
Group I : Animal treated at the dose level of 200 mg/kg body weight did not result in any signs of toxicity during the study period of 14 days. The animal survived through the study period of 14 days.
Group I : Animal treated at the dose level of 1000 mg/kg body weight did not result in any signs of toxicity during the study period of 14 days. The animal survived through the study period of 14 days.
Group I : Animal treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight did not result in any signs of toxicity during the study period of 14 days. The animal survived through the study period of 14 days.
Main Study:
Group II : Animals treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight did not result in any signs of toxicity during the study period of 14 days. All animals survived through the study period of 14 days.

Body Weight

Sex : Female
Dose Range Finding Study:
Group I (200 mg/kg) - Percent body weight gain after 7 days and 14 days was found to be 7.45% and 11.33% respectively.
Group I (1000 mg/kg) - Percent body weight gain after 7 days and 14 days was found to be 6.71% and 12.38% respectively.
Group I (2000 mg/kg) - Percent body weight gain after 7 days and 14 days was found to be 5.44% and 11.04% respectively.
Main Study:
Group II (2000 mg/kg) - Percent body weight gain after 7 days and 14 days was found to be 5.27% and 12.54% respectively.

Gross Pathological Findings (Table No.IV and Appendix No.IV)

Gross pathological examination did not reveal any abnormalities in animals from 200 mg/kg, 1000 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg dose groups from dose range finding study and main study sacrificed terminally.

Individual Animal - Evaluation of Dermal Reaction

 

Laboratory Test Item Code :TAS/122/059

Test System : Sprague Dawley Rat

Sex : Female  

Finding Study:

Group : I                                                                      Dose  : 200 mg/kg body weight

Animal

Dermal

D A Y S

No.

Reaction

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

1

Erythema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Oedema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Group : I                                                                    Dose  : 1000 mg/kg body weight

Animal

Dermal

D A Y S

No.

Reaction

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

2

Erythema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Oedema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Group : I                                                                    Dose  : 2000 mg/kg body weight

Animal

Dermal

D A Y S

No.

Reaction

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

3

Erythema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Oedema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Main Study:

Group : II                                                                   Dose  : 2000 mg/kg body weight

Animal

Dermal

D A Y S

No.

Reaction

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

4

Erythema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Oedema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5

Erythema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Oedema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Summary of Evaluation of Dermal Reaction

 

Laboratory Test Item Code :TAS/122/059

Test System : Sprague Dawley Rat

Sex : Female

Finding Study:

Group

 No.

Dose mg/kg

                          

Dermal Reaction

Total Number of

Animals

Animal Nos.

Period of signs

in days

 From - to

I

200

No dermal reaction observed

1

1

Day 0 - Day 14

 

Group

 No.

Dose mg/kg

                          

Dermal Reaction

Total Number of

Animals

Animal Nos.

Period of signs

in days

 From - to

I

1000

No dermal reaction observed

1

2

Day 0 - Day 14

 

Group

 No.

Dose mg/kg

                          

Dermal Reaction

Total Number of

Animals

Animal Nos.

Period of signs

in days

 From - to

I

2000

No dermal reaction observed

1

3

Day 0 - Day 14

 

Main Study:

Group

 No.

Dose mg/kg

                          

Dermal Reaction

Total Number of

Animals

Animal Nos.

Period of signs

in days

 From - to

II

2000

No dermal reaction observed

2

4, 5

Day 0 - Day 14

 

Summary of Clinical Signs of Toxicity and Mortality

 

Laboratory Test Item Code :TAS/122/059

Test System : Sprague Dawley Rat

Sex : Female

Finding Study:

Group

 No.

Dose mg/kg

                            Observed Signs

Total Number of

Animals

 

Animal Nos.

Period of signs in days

 From - to

 

Mortality

I

200

No clinical signs observed

1

1

Day 0 - Day 14

0/1

 

Group

 No.

Dose mg/kg

                            Observed Signs

Total Number of

Animals

 

Animal Nos.

Period of signs in days

 From - to

 

Mortality

I

1000

No clinical signs observed

1

2

Day 0 - Day 14

0/1

 

Group

 No.

Dose mg/kg

                            Observed Signs

Total Number of

Animals

 

Animal Nos.

Period of signs in days

 From - to

 

Mortality

I

2000

No clinical signs observed

1

3

Day 0 - Day 14

0/1

 

Main Study:

Group

 No.

Dose mg/kg

                            Observed Signs

Total Number of

Animals

 

Animal Nos.

Period of signs in days

 From - to

 

Mortality

II

2000

No clinical signs observed

2

4, 5

Day 0 - Day 14

0/2

Mean Body Weight and Percent Body Weight Gain (g)

 

Laboratory Test Item Code :TAS/122/059

Test System : Sprague Dawley Rat

Sex : Female

Finding Study:

Group No.

Dose

(mg/kg body weight)

 

Body weight Day 0

Body weight Day 7

% body weight gain

day 0-7

Body weight Day 14

% body weight gain

day 7- 14

% body weight gain

day 0- 14

I

200

Mean

229.4

246.5

7.45

255.4

3.61

11.33

± SD

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Group No.

Dose

(mg/kg body weight)

 

Body weight Day 0

Body weight Day 7

% body weight gain

day 0-7

Body weight Day 14

% body weight gain

day 7- 14

% body weight gain

day 0- 14

I

1000

Mean

213.2

227.5

6.71

239.6

5.32

12.38

± SD

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Group No.

Dose

(mg/kg body weight)

 

Body weight Day 0

Body weight Day 7

% body weight gain

day 0-7

Body weight Day 14

% body weight gain

day 7- 14

% body weight gain

day 0- 14

I

2000

Mean

233.6

246.3

5.44

259.4

5.32

11.04

± SD

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Main Study:

Group No.

Dose

(mg/kg body weight)

 

Body weight Day 0

Body weight Day 7

% body weight gain

day 0-7

Body weight Day 14

% body weight gain

day 7- 14

% body weight gain

day 0- 14

II

2000

Mean

232.35

244.60

5.27

261.50

6.90

12.54

± SD

0.64

0.85

0.08

8.20

2.98

3.22

 

Summary of Gross Pathological Findings

 

Laboratory Test Item Code :TAS/122/059

Test System : Sprague Dawley Rat

Sex : Female

Finding Study:

Group No.

Dose

mg/kg

Animal Numbers

Animal Fate

Gross Pathological Findings

I

200

1

TS

No abnormality detected

 

Group No.

Dose

mg/kg

Animal Numbers

Animal Fate

Gross Pathological Findings

I

1000

2

TS

No abnormality detected

 

Group No.

Dose

mg/kg

Animal Numbers

Animal Fate

Gross Pathological Findings

I

2000

3

TS

No abnormality detected

 

                    Main Study:

Group No.

Dose

mg/kg

Animal Numbers

Animal Fate

Gross Pathological Findings

II

2000

4, 5

TS

No abnormality detected

 

                     TS = Terminal Sacrifice

 

           

Individual Animal -Clinical Signs of Toxicity and Mortality

 

Laboratory Test Item Code :TAS/122/059

Test System : Sprague Dawley Rat

Sex : Female

Finding Study:

Group

No.

Dose mg/kg

Observed Signs

Total Number of

Animals

Animal Nos.

Period of signs in days

From - to

 

Mortality

I

200

No clinical signs observed

1

1

Day 0 - Day 14

0

 

Group

No.

Dose mg/kg

Observed Signs

Total Number of

Animals

Animal Nos.

Period of signs in days

From - to

 

Mortality

I

1000

No clinical signs observed

1

2

Day 0 - Day 14

0

 

Group

No.

Dose mg/kg

Observed Signs

Total Number of

Animals

Animal Nos.

Period of signs in days

From - to

 

Mortality

I

2000

No clinical signs observed

1

3

Day 0 - Day 14

0

 

Main Study:

Group

No.

Dose mg/kg

Observed Signs

Total Number of

Animals

Animal Nos.

Period of signs in days

From - to

 

Mortality

II

2000

No clinical signs observed

2

4

Day 0 - Day 14

0

5

Day 0 - Day 14

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interpretation of results:
other: not irritating
Conclusions:
The overall irritation score of the substance was determined to be 0 and no erythema and edema (skin irritation) were found at the end of 14 days observation period after patch removal.
Hence, it was concluded that the test chemical was Non-Irritating to the skin of Sprague Dawley rats under the experimental conditions tested and classified as “Category- Not Classified” as per CLP Classification.
Executive summary:

     A study was designed and conducted to determine the dermal reaction profile of the test chemical in Sprague Dawley rats. The study was performed as per OECD Guidelines 402 and complying to the GLP procedures. 5 female non pregnant and nulliparous rats were used for conducting dermal irritation /corrosion study.

The animals were kept in their cages for at least 5 days prior to administration for acclimatization to the laboratory condition and after acclimatization period, animals were randomly selected. Approximately 24 hours before application, the hair of each rat was closely clipped from the trunk (dorsal surface and sides from scapular to pelvic area) with an electric clipper, so as to expose at least 10% of the body surface area. The test item was applied directly onto the exposed skin of the animal, taking care to spread the test item evenly over the entire area of approximately 10% of the total body surface area or as much of the area as can reasonably be covered. The test item was held in contact with the skin using a porous gauze dressing and non irritating tape around the animal to cover the exposure site for first 24 hours exposure period. Elizabethan collar was placed on each animal for first 24 hours after application of the test item. These collars prevent ingestion of test item. Following 24 hours of exposure, the wrapping was removed and the test site wiped free of excess test item. Distilled water was used to remove residual test item.

In the dose range finding study a single dose of 200 mg/kg body weight of the test item was administered to 1 female animal. No death or clinical signs of toxicity was observed during first 48 hours, hence, additional 1 female animal was administered with the dose of 1000 mg/kg body weight. Administration of 1000 mg/kg body weight did not reveal any clinical signs of toxicity or death during first 48 hours, hence, additional 1 female animal was administered at the dose of 2000 mg/kg body weight. Administration of 2000 mg/kg body weight did not reveal any clinical signs of toxicity or death during first 48 hours.

As the dose range finding study revealed no mortality or clinical signs at the maximum dose of 2000 mg/kg, the main study was initiated with two additional animals. The animals were administered with a dose of 2000 mg/kg body weight in sequential manner at 48 hours intervals. Animals from dose range finding study treated at the dose levels of 200 mg/kg, 1000 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg and animals from main study treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg exhibited normal body weight gain and revealed no clinical signs of toxicity or mortality during the study period of 14 days. Gross pathological examination did not reveal any abnormalities attributable to the treatment.

The overall irritation score of the substance was determined to be 0 and no erythema and edema (skin irritation) were found at the end of 14 days observation period after patch removal.

Hence, it was concluded that the test chemical was Non-Irritating to the skin of Sprague Dawley rats under the experimental conditions tested and classified as “Category- Not Classified” as per CLP Classification.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Eye irritation

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Justification for type of information:
Data is from experimental study report.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 492 (Reconstructed Human Cornea-like Epithelium (RhCE) Test Method for Identifying Chemicals Not Requiring Classification and Labelling for Eye Irritation or Serious Eye Damage)
Principles of method if other than guideline:
The purpose of this study was to assess potential for the test article to be ocular irritants. The ocular irritation potential of a test article may be predicted by measurement of its cytotoxic effect, as reflected inthe 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, in the MatTek EpiOcular™ model
GLP compliance:
no
Species:
human
Strain:
other: Not applicable
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
- Description of the cell system used:
The normal human-derived keratinocytes were cultured at the air-liquid interface in a chemically defined medium on a permeable polycarbonate insert (surface 0.5 cm2). They were cultured in chemically defined serum free medium to form a multi-layered epithelium similar to that found in native corneal mucosa. Each lot of tissues was Quality Assured by MatTek according to specific QC standards including: histology, tissue viability (MTT mean optical density), reproducibility (SD) and tissue thickness.

- Test System Identification
All of the EpiOcular™ 3-dimensional human tissues used in this study were identified by the date of arrival and the lot number. Certificate of Analysis for the tissues is included in this report. Tissue plates were appropriately labeled with study information. Bias was not a factor in this test system.

- Justification of the test method and considerations regarding applicability
EpiOcularTM Eye Irritation (OCL) by MatTek In Vitro Life Science Laboratories, Bratislava, Slovakien.
The test articles and controls were evaluated for potential ocular irritancy using the EpiOcular™ 3 dimensional human tissue model purchased from MatTek In Vitro Life Science Laboratories, Bratislava, Slovakien.
The EpiOcular tissue construct is a nonkeratinized epithelium prepared from normal human keratinocytes (MatTek). It models the cornea epithelium with progressively stratified, but not cornified cells. These cells are not transformed or transfected with genes to induce an extended life span in culture. The “tissue” is prepared in inserts with a porous membrane through which the nutrients pass to the cells. A cell suspension is seeded into the insert in specialized medium. After an initial period of submerged culture, the medium is removed from the top of the tissue so that the epithelial surface is in direct contact with the air. This allows the test material to be directly applied to the epithelial surface in a fashion similar to how the corneal epithelium would be exposed in vivo. Each lot of tissues was Quality Assured by MatTek In Vitro Life Science Laboratories according to specific QC standards including: histology (cell layers), tissue viability (MTT mean optical density) and reproducibility (SD)
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
yes, concurrent positive control
yes, concurrent negative control
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 50 μL of liquid test article
- Concentration (if solution): neat (undiluted)

VEHICLE (no vehicle)
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): none
- Concentration (if solution): none
- Lot/batch no. (if required): none
- Purity: none

NEGATIVE CONTROL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight): 50 μL
- Concentration (if solution): neat

POSITIVE CONTROL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight): 50 μL
- Concentration (if solution): neat
Duration of treatment / exposure:
Tissues were exposed for approximately 30 minutes for liquid test article and controls, at approximately 37°C, 5% CO2 in a humidified incubator.
Observation period (in vivo):
Not applicable
Duration of post- treatment incubation (in vitro):
Following the washing step and the post-soak, the tissues were incubated at approximately 37°C, 5% CO2 in a humidified incubator for a post-exposure recovery time of ~2 hours for liquid test articles , or 18 hrs for solid test articles, and controls.
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
2 tissues were used for test compound and control.
Details on study design:
- Details of the test procedure used
The tissues were exposed to the test article neat (undiluted). EpiOcular™ tissues were purchased from MatTek. Quality control of the tissues was performed by MatTek and the Certificate of Analysis (CoA) for the tissues is provided and is kept in the study binder. Tissues were exposed for approximately 30 minutes for liquid test articles and controls, at approximately 37°C, 5% CO2 in a humidified incubator. After the exposure, the test article was rinsed off the tissues and the tissues were soaked in media for ~12 minutes for liquid test articles and controls. Following the washing step and the post-soak, the tissues were incubated at approximately 37°C, 5% CO2 in a humidified incubator for a post-exposure recovery time of ~2 hours for liquid test articles and controls. Tissue viability was assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol- 2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay.

- MTT Auto reduction and colouring assessment
MTT Pre-test
The test article was assessed for the potential to interfere with the assay. Approximately 50 µL of liquid test article was added to 1 mL of MTT media (~1 mg/mL) and incubated in a humidified incubator at approximately 37°C and approximately 5% CO2 for 3 hours. 50 µL of ultrapure water was used as a negative control.

- Test Article Color Test
Approximately 50 µL of liquid test article was added to 1.0 mL of ultrapure water and 2.0 mL isopropanol and incubated in a humidified incubator at approximately 37°C and approximately 5% CO2 for 2 hours, 04 minutes and 35 seconds. Samples were then added to the wells of a clear 96-well plate and the plate was read on a Thermo Scientific Multiskan FC Microplate Photometer to 570 nm. Test articles that tested positive for excessive coloration (OD >0.08) were assessed on living-tissue controls that were incubated in both culture media and MTT media as well (n=3 for both conditions).

- MTT Assay:
After the recovery period, the MTT assay was performed on run 1 tissues by transferring the tissues to 24-well plates containing 300 µL MTT medium (1.0 mg/mL). After 3 hours of MTT incubation at approximately 37°C, approximately 5% CO2 in a humidified incubator.The blue formazan salt was extracted by submerging tissues in 2 mL isopropanol in a 24-well plate. The extraction for liquid exposed tissues was overnight incubation. The optical density of the extracted formazan (200 µL/well of a 96-well plate) was determined using a Thermo Scientific Multiskan FC Microplate Photometer at 570 nm. Relative cell viability was calculated for each tissue as % of the mean negative control tissues

- Evaluation of Test Article in the cell Models
1. Cell System:
Upon receipt, the MatTek EpiOcular™ tissue cultures were placed in 1.0 mL of fresh Maintenance medium (in a 6-well plate) for 60 minutes. After the 60 minutes incubation, the Maintenance medium was exchanged with fresh medium and the tissues were incubated overnight (16-24 hrs) at approximately 37°C, approximately 5% CO2 in a humidified incubator.
2. Control and Test Article Exposures:
20 µL of calcium and magnesium free DPBS was added to each tissue and the tissues placed back into the incubator for 30 minutes. The controls and the test article will be applied topically to tissues by pipette. Three tissues will be used per test compound and control.
a)Controls: 50 µL of negative control sterile ultrapure water and positive control methyl acetate were added to the tissues. The tissues were placed into the ~37°C humidified incubator with 5% CO2 for the approximately 30 minute exposure time.
b)Test Article: 50 µL of liquid test article were added to the tissues. The tissues were placed into the ~37°C humidified incubator with 5% CO2 for the approximately 30 minute exposure time.
3. Post exposure treatment:
After the exposure, the tissues were rinsed 20 times with sterile DPBS to remove test material. The apical surface was gently blotted with a cotton swab and cultures were immediately transferred to a 12-well plate containing 5 mL of media per well. Tissues exposed to liquid test articles (and the respective control) were incubated, submerged in the media for ~12 minutes at room temperature.For liquid test articles, tissues, Tissuses were then transferred to 6-well plates containing 1.0 mL fresh Maintenance medium per well and incubated for a post-exposure recovery period for 2 hours at approximately 37 degC, 5% CO2 in a humidified incubator.
- Doses of test chemical and control substances used
Test Article:
50 µL of liquid test article were added to the tissues. The tissues were placed into the ~37°C humidified incubator with 5% CO2 for the approximately 30 minute exposure time.
Controls: 50 µL of negative control sterile ultrapure water, positive control methyl acetate were added to the tissues. The tissues were placed into the ~37°C humidified incubator with 5% CO2 for the approximately 30 minute exposure time.
- Duration and temperature of exposure, post-exposure immersion and post-exposure incubation periods: Tissues were exposed for approximately 30 minutes for liquid test articles and controls, at approximately 37°C, 5% CO2 in a humidified incubator. Following the washing step and the, the tissues were rinsed and incubated at approximately 37°C, 5% CO2 in a humidified incubator for a post-exposure recovery time totaling ~2 hours for liquid test articles and controls.
- Justification for the use of a different negative control than ultrapure H2O (Not applicable
- Justification for the use of a different positive control than neat methyl acetate (Not applicable)
- Number of tissue replicates used per test chemical and controls: 2 tissues were used for test compound and control.
- Description of the method used to quantify MTT formazan
The blue formazan salt was extracted by submerging tissues in 2 mL isopropanol in a 24-well plate. The extraction for liquid exposed tissues was overnight incubation with a 20 minute 24 second shake the following morning. The optical density of the extracted formazan (200 µL/well of a 96-well plate) was determined using a Thermo Scientific Multiskan FC Microplate Photometer at 570 nm. The blue formazan salt was extracted by placing the tissue insterts in 1 mL isopropanol in a 6-well plate. The extraction for solid exposed tissues was 3 hrs incubation. After an addition of 1 ml isopropanol and mixing, the optical density of the extracted formazan (200μL/well of a 96-well plate) was determined using a Thermo Scientific Multiskan FC Microplate Photometer at 570 nm.

- Description of evaluation criteria used including the justification for the selection of the cut-off point for the prediction model
Calculations and Statistical Methods
MTT Assay
Blanks:
· The OD mean from all replicates for each plate (ODblank).
Negative Controls (NC):
· The blank corrected value was calculated: ODNC= ODNCraw– ODblank.
· The OD mean per NC tissue was calculated.
· The mean OD for all tissues corresponds to 100% viability.
· The mean, standard deviation (SD), standard error of the mean (SEM) and the percent coefficient of variation (% CV) was calculated.
ODblank= optical density of blank samples (isopropanol alone).
ODNCraw= optical density negative control samples.
ODNC= optical density of negative control samples after background subtraction.
Positive Control (PC):
· Calculate the blank corrected value: ODPC= ODPCraw– ODblank.
· The OD mean per PC tissue was calculated.
· The viability per tissue was calculated: %PC = [ODPC/ mean ODNC] x 100.
· The mean viability for all tissues was calculated: Mean PC = Σ %PC / number of tissues.
· The standard deviation (SD), standard error of the mean (SEM) and the percent coefficient of variation (% CV) was calculated.
ODPCraw= optical density positive control samples.
ODPC= optical density of positive control samples after background subtraction.
Tested Articles:
· Calculate the blank corrected value ODTT= ODTTraw– ODblank.
· The OD mean per tissue is calculated.
· The viability per tissue is calculated: %TT = [ODTT/ mean ODNC] x 100.
· The mean viability for all tissues is calculated: Mean TT = Σ %TT / number of tissues.
· The standard deviation (SD) and the percent coefficient of variation (% CV)for the controls and the test articles will be calculated.
ODTTraw= optical density test article samples.
ODPC= optical density of test article samples after background subtraction.
Data Correction Procedure for MTT Interfering Compounds
True viability = Viability of treated tissue – Interference from test article = ODtvt – ODkt where ODkt = (mean ODtkt – mean ODukt).
ODtvt = optical density of treated viable tissue
ODkt = optical density of killed tissues
ODtkt = optical density of treated killed tissue
ODukt = optical density of untreated killed tissue (NC treated tissue)

Data Correction Procedure for Colored Compounds
True viability = Viability of treated tissue incubated in MTT media – Viability of treated tissue incubated in media without MTT = ODtvt – ODvt.
ODtvt = optical density of treated viable tissue incubated in MTT media
ODvt = optical density of viable tissues incubated in media alone.
Proposed Statistical methods
The mean, standard deviation (SD) and the percent coefficient of variation (% CV) for the controls and the test article will be calculated.
- Evaluation of data
The results of the assay was evaluated and compared to negative control.
Table: Irritancy Prediction
In VitroResults In VivoPrediction
Mean tissue viability ≤60% Irritant (I) – Category 1 or 2
Mean tissue viability >60% Non-irritant (NI) – No Category
- Assay quality controls
- Negative Controls (NC)
The assay is meeting the acceptance criterion if the mean viability of the NC in terms of Optical Density (OD570) of the NC tissues (treated with sterile ultrapure water) in the MTT assay are >0.8 to <2.5. This is an indicator of tissue viability following shipping and conditions under use.
- Positive Controls (PC)
Methyl acetate was used as a PC and tested concurrently with the test article. The assay is meeting the acceptance criteria if the viability of the PC is <50% of the negative control.
- Standard Deviation (SD)Each test of ocular irritancy potential is predicted from the mean viability determined on 3 single tissues. The assay meets the acceptance criteria if SD calculated from individual percent tissue viabilities of the replicates is <18% for three replicate tissues.
Irritation parameter:
other: mean % tissue viability
Run / experiment:
Run 1
Value:
97.4
Vehicle controls validity:
not specified
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Other effects / acceptance of results:
The MTT data show the assay quality controls were met.

Code N° Tissue  Raw data Blank corrected data mean of OD % of viability
  n Aliq. 1 Aliq. 2 Aliq. 1 Aliq. 2
NC 1 2.8594 2.8441 2.824 2.809 2.817 104.4
  2 2.5798 2.6443 2.545 2.609 2.577 95.6
PC 1 1.3625 1.3959 1.327 1.361 1.344 49.8
  2 1.3167 1.3286 1.282 1.293 1.287 47.7
941-98-0 1 2.539 2.5254 2.504 2.490 2.497 92.6
  2 2.7945 2.7867 2.759 2.752 2.755 102.2

  mean Dif. mean of Dif. Dif./2 Classification
  of OD of OD viabilities [%] of viabilities      
NC 2.697 0.240 100.0 8.89 4.44 NI qualified
PC 1.316 0.057 48.8 2.10 1.05 I qualified
941-98-0 2.626 0.258 97.4 9.58 4.79 NI qualified
Interpretation of results:
other: not irritating
Conclusions:
The ocular irritation potential of test article was determined according to the OECD 492 test guideline followed for this study. The mean % tissue viability of test chemical was determined to be 97.4%. Thus, the test chemical was considered to be not irritating to the human eyes.
Executive summary:

The ocular irritation potential of test article was determined according to the OECD 492 test guideline for this study. The MatTek EpiOcular™ model was used to assess the potential ocular irritation of the test articles by determining the viability of the tissues following exposure to the test article via MTT. Tissues were exposed to liquid test articles and controls for ~30 minutes, followed by a ~12 minute post-soak and approximately 2 hour recovery after the post-soak. The viability of each tissue was determined by MTT assay.

The MTT data show the assay quality controls were met, passing the acceptance criteria.

The mean % tissue viability of test chemical was determined to be 97.4%. Hence, under the experimental test conditions it was concluded that test chemical was considered to be not irritating to the human eyes and can thus be classified as “Not Classified’’ as per CLP Regulation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
adverse effect observed (irreversible damage)

Respiratory irritation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Skin Irritation:

In different studies, the test chemical has been investigated for potential for dermal irritation to a greater or lesser extent. The studies are based on in- vitro and in-vivo experimental conducted in human and rabbits which have been summarized as below:

A study was designed and conducted to determine the dermal reaction profile of the test chemical in Sprague Dawley rats. The study was performed as per OECD Guidelines 402 and complying to the GLP procedures. 5 female non pregnant and nulliparous rats were used for conducting dermal irritation /corrosion study.The animals were kept in their cages for at least 5 days prior to administration for acclimatization to the laboratory condition and after acclimatization period, animals were randomly selected. Approximately 24 hours before application, the hair of each rat was closely clipped from the trunk (dorsal surface and sides from scapular to pelvic area) with an electric clipper, so as to expose at least 10% of the body surface area. The test item was applied directly onto the exposed skin of the animal, taking care to spread the test item evenly over the entire area of approximately 10% of the total body surface area or as much of the area as can reasonably be covered. The test item was held in contact with the skin using a porous gauze dressing and non irritating tape around the animal to cover the exposure site for first 24 hours exposure period. Elizabethan collar was placed on each animal for first 24 hours after application of the test item. These collars prevent ingestion of test item. Following 24 hours of exposure, the wrapping was removed and the test site wiped free of excess test item. Distilled water was used to remove residual test item.In the dose range finding study a single dose of 200 mg/kg body weight of the test item was administered to 1 female animal. No death or clinical signs of toxicity was observed during first 48 hours, hence, additional 1 female animal was administered with the dose of 1000 mg/kg body weight. Administration of 1000 mg/kg body weight did not reveal any clinical signs of toxicity or death during first 48 hours, hence, additional 1 female animal was administered at the dose of 2000 mg/kg body weight. Administration of 2000 mg/kg body weight did not reveal any clinical signs of toxicity or death during first 48 hours.As the dose range finding study revealed no mortality or clinical signs at the maximum dose of 2000 mg/kg, the main study was initiated with two additional animals. The animals were administered with a dose of 2000 mg/kg body weight in sequential manner at 48 hours intervals. Animals from dose range finding study treated at the dose levels of 200 mg/kg, 1000 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg and animals from main study treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg exhibited normal body weight gain and revealed no clinical signs of toxicity or mortality during the study period of 14 days. Gross pathological examination did not reveal any abnormalities attributable to the treatment.The overall irritation score of the substance was determined to be 0 and no erythema and edema (skin irritation) were found at the end of 14 days observation period after patch removal.Hence, it was concluded that the test chemical was Non-Irritating to the skin of Sprague Dawley rats under the experimental conditions tested and classified as “Category- Not Classified” as per CLP Classification.

Moreover, a Closed-patch test was performed on human volunteers to assess the irritation potential of the test chemical. The test chemical was applied at 2% in petrolatum for 48 hrs. After 48 hrs, the test chemical was observed to cause no irritation in humans.  Therefore, the test chemical was considered to be not irritating to human skin.

According to Danish QSAR database, skin irritation effects were estimated by four different models i.e, Battery, Leadscope, SciQSAR and CASE Ultra used within Danish QSAR database for the test chemical. Based on estimation, No severe skin irritation effects were known when the test chemical was exposed to rabbit skin.

The dermal irritation potential of test article was determined according to the OECD 439 test guideline for this study. The MatTek EpiDerm™ model was used to assess the potential dermal irritation of the test article by determining the viability of the tissues following exposure to the test article via MTT. Tissues were exposed to the test article and controls for ~one hour, followed by a 42 hour post-exposure recovery period. The viability of each tissue was determined by MTT assay. The MTT data show the assay quality controls were met and passed the acceptance of criteria. The Mean % tissue viability compared to negative control (n=3) of the test chemical was determined to be 3.9%.

Hence, under the current experimental test conditions it was concluded that test chemical was considered to be irritating to human skin and can thus be classified as "Irritating to skin in Category 2” as per CLP Regulation.

The above studies were supported by the dermal irritation potential of the test chemical was evaluated in rabbits.The test chemical applied full strength to the intact and abraded skin of rabbits under occlusion. The effects were observed for 24 hours. The test chemical was mildly irritating to intact and abraded skin of rabbits. Hence, the test chemical can be considered to be mildly irritating to rabbit skin.

The studies were further supported by the dermal irritation potential of the test chemical was assessed in guinea pigs. Undiluted test chemical was exposed to the skin of guinea pigs under occlusive conditions for 24 hours. The test chemical causes desquamation and alopecia after 24 hours occlusive exposure to the guinea pig skin.Hence, the test chemical can be considered slightly irritating to skin.

The overall studies were again supported by the dermal irritation potential of the test chemical was assessed in guinea pigs for repeated exposure. 0.5 ml of the test chemical was applied daily to the clipped backs of 5 guinea pigs for 10 days. The test sites were observed for daily for 10 days for signs of irritation. Slight erythema was observed in 4/5 guinea pigs on day 1 and after 2 weeksslight to moderate erythema in 5/5 and edema and/or vesicles in 4/5 guinea pigs. Overall Slight exacerbation was observed with repeated application of the test chemical for 10 days. Hence, the test chemical can be considered slightly irritating to skin after 10 days of exposure.

All these studies lead to a conclusion that Test chemical is indeed not irritating to skin. Hence, comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, Test chemical can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

 

Eye Irritation:

In different studies, the test chemical has been investigated for potential for ocular irritation to a greater or lesser extent. The studies are based on in- vitro and in-vivo experimental conducted in rabbits conducted which have been summarized as below:

The ocular irritation potential of test article was determined according to the OECD 492 test guideline for this study. The MatTek EpiOcular™ model was used to assess the potential ocular irritation of the test articles by determining the viability of the tissues following exposure to the test article via MTT. Tissues were exposed to liquid test articles and controls for ~30 minutes, followed by a ~12 minute post-soak and approximately 2 hour recovery after the post-soak. The viability of each tissue was determined by MTT assay. The MTT data show the assay quality controls were met, passing the acceptance criteria. The mean % tissue viability of test chemical was determined to be 97.4%. Hence, under the experimental test conditions it was concluded that test chemical was considered to be not irritating to the human eyes and can thus be classified as “Not Classified’’ as per CLP Regulation.

Furthermore, The eye irritation potential of acetophenone was evaluated in rabbits. Acetophenone was applied to the eyes of rabbits as two drops of saturated aqueous solution and the effects were observed for 48 hours. Initially acetophenone caused slight discomfort, however, the effects were limited to a transient optical irregularity of the corneal epithelium, with no opacity, and the eyes returned to normal by the next day. Since the effects were reversible within 48 hours, acetophenone can be considered to be not irritating to rabbit eyes.

The overall study were again supported by the eye irritation potential of the test chemical was assessed in rabbits. 6 rabbits were used for the study. Undiluted test chemical was instilled into the eyes of the rabbits. The eyes of 3 rabbits were washed after sometime (duration not mentioned).Slight irritation was observed in the washed and unwashed eyes. Prompt washing did not alter the irritating effect of the compound. Hence the test chemical can be considered to be slightly irritating to eyes.

All these studies lead to a conclusion that Test chemical is indeed not irritating to eye. Hence, comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, Test chemical can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

Justification for classification or non-classification

The skin and eye irritation potential of test chemical was observed in various studies. The results obtained from these studies indicate that the chemical is not likely to cause skin and eye irritation. Hence the test chemical can be classified under the category “Not Classified” for skin and eye as per CLP.

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