Registration Dossier

Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Currently viewing:

Administrative data

Link to relevant study record(s)

Reference
Endpoint:
toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2017
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Reference:
Composition 0
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method C.3 (Algal Inhibition test)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 201 (Freshwater Alga and Cyanobacteria, Growth Inhibition Test)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Test material information:
Composition 1
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Batch: UN100EK
Analytical monitoring:
no
Remarks:
On customer request the study was conducted without analysis
Details on sampling:
Measurement of pH at start (0 h) and end (72 h) of study
Vehicle:
no
Details on test solutions:
- only one test item concentration was prepared
- 1.2 mg of the test item were added to 1 litre of dilution water, treated for 1 h in an ultrasonic bath and stirred for 24 h on a magnetic stirrer
- Undissolved particles of the test item were removed by filtration using a folded filter with a pore size of 7 - 12 μm
- The pH was measured to be 7.8
- 100 mL of the solution were taken and 0.704 mL of the algal inoculum was added to each replicate resulting in a final cell density of 5000 cells/mL
Test organisms (species):
Desmodesmus subspicatus (previous name: Scenedesmus subspicatus)
Details on test organisms:
- Name: Desmodesmus subspicatus (formerly Scenedesmus subspicatus) Strain No. 86.81 SAG
- Source: Strain of the test species obtained from 'The Collection of Algal Cultures' of the Institute of Plant Physiology at the University of Göttingen (Germany)
- Maintenance and Acclimatisation: Exponentially growing stock cultures were maintained in the test facility under constant temperature conditions (21 - 24 °C with a maximum fluctuation of +/- 2 °C) at a light intensity in the range 60 to 120 μE x m-2 x s-1 (measured in the range 400 to 700 nm using a spherical quantum flux meter). The growth medium (according to BRINGMANN & KÜHN (1977)) was renewed once a week. Cell density measurements were made using a microcell counter, Sysmex F300, Digitana.
- Preparation of pre cultures: Pre cultures were set up three days before the start of a test. They were grown under identical exposure conditions as the stock cultures, except from the use of a different growth medium.
- Test cultures: The algal inocula for the test were taken from an exponentially growing pre culture and were mixed with the growth medium to make up to a final cell density of about 5000 cells per millilitre in the test medium.
Test type:
static
Water media type:
freshwater
Limit test:
yes
Total exposure duration:
72 h
Hardness:
1.3 °dH (22.5 mg/L CaCO3)
Test temperature:
21-24 °C
pH:
7.9 (at 0 h)
10.0 (after 72 h)
Salinity:
n.a.
Conductivity:
no data
Nominal and measured concentrations:
1 mg/L nominal
Details on test conditions:
- Test vessels: 300 mL Erlenmeyer flasks with cotton stoppers
- Test volume: 100 mL
- Culturing apparatus: Shaking incubator in which a temperature in the range 21 °C to 24 °C was maintained at +/- 2 °C, and continuous uniform illumination was provided in the spectral range 400 to 700 nm. Temperature was measured and recorded daily.
- Light intensity: A light intensity ranging from 60 to 120 μE x m-2 x s-1, or an equivalent range of 4000 to 8000 lux, was measured. The light intensity was checked before the start of the study.
- Cell density measurements: Cell densities were measured in a microcell counter (Sysmex F300, Digitana) by taking small aliquots from each test flask, which were not replaced
- Experimental design: 1 test concentration plus 1 control, 6 replicates per concentration/control
- Initial cell density in the test cultures: approximately 5000 cells per millilitre
- Test item concentration/s: 1.0 mg/L
- Method of administration: direct weighing
- Duration of exposure: 72 hours
- Criteria of effects: The criteria of adverse effects used in this study were the item-induced inhibition of yield [y] and growth rate [r] of the algal population.
Reference substance (positive control):
no
Key result
Duration:
72 h
Dose descriptor:
EC50
Effect conc.:
> 1 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
growth rate
Duration:
72 h
Dose descriptor:
EC10
Effect conc.:
> 1 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
growth rate
Key result
Duration:
72 h
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect conc.:
>= 1 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
growth rate
Duration:
72 h
Dose descriptor:
LOEC
Effect conc.:
> 1 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
growth rate

All calculations were carried out using the statistics programme ToxRatPro Version 2.10 (released 2010-09-10). For the calculations all algae counts were divided by a factor of 10000.

Validity criteria fulfilled:
yes
Remarks:
cell density in control cultures increased by a factor of at least 16 within 72 h; mean coefficient of variation in the control cultures did not exceed 35 %; coefficient of variation of average specific growth rates did not exceed 7 %
Conclusions:
No toxic effects against algae were observed at a limit test concentration of 1.0 mg/L under exposure conditions.
Executive summary:

The study was conducted in accordance with Commission Regulation (EC) No 761/2009 amending Regulation No 440/2008, Method C.3 ‘Freshwater Alga and Cyanobacteria, Growth inhibition test’ (2009) which is equivalent to OECD Guideline for Testing of Chemicals No. 201 (2006). Exponentially growing algal cells were exposed for a period of 72 hours to a limit test concentration of nominally 1.0 mg/L of Bromhydrin-valerat dissolved in dilution water. The cell densities were measured at 24 hour intervals. Inhibition of the algal population was measured as reduction in growth rate relative to control cultures grown under identical conditions. No toxic effects against algae were observed at a limit test concentration of 1.0 mg/L under exposure conditions. This toxicity study is classified as acceptable and satisfies the guideline requirements for the algae study.

Description of key information

No toxic effects against algae were observed at a limit test concentration of 1.0 mg/L under exposure conditions. The results are expressed in terms of nominal concentrations.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

EC50/LC50 for freshwater algae:
1 mg/L
EC10, LC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae:
1 mg/L

Additional information

"Should read: EC 50 > 1 mg/L and NOEC > 1 mg/L"